Judges (NIV)

 


Judges (NIV)

(Chapter 1)

1:14 One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”
urge 1.Verb (…하도록) 충고하다[설득하려 하다] 2.강력히 권고[촉구]하다 3.Noun (강한) 욕구, 충동

1:21 The Benjamites, however, failed to dislodge the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live there with the Benjamites.
dislodge 1.Verb (억지로 치거나 해서) 제자리를 벗어나게 만들다 2.(지위·직장에서) 몰아내다[축출하다]

1:35 And the Amorites were determined also to hold out in Mount Heres, Aijalon and Shaalbim, but when the power of the house of Joseph increased, they too were pressed into forced labor.
hold out 1.(특히 어려운 상황에서) 지속되다[없어지지 않다] 2.(어려운 상황에서) 저항하다[버티다]

(Chapter 2)

2:3 Now therefore I tell you that I will not drive them out before you; they will be thorns in your sides and their gods will be a snare to you.”
snare 1.Noun 덫[올가미] (=trap) 2.Noun (비유적으로) 덫, (위험한) 유혹 3.Verb 덫[올가미]으로 잡다 (=trap)

2:14 In his anger against Israel the LORD handed them over to raiders who plundered them. He sold them to their enemies all around, whom they were no longer able to resist.
raider Noun (범행을 저지르기 위해 어떤 장소에 들어온) 침입자

2:18 Whenever the LORD raised up a judge for them, he was with the judge and saved them out of the hands of their enemies as long as the judge lived; for the LORD had compassion on them as they groaned under those who oppressed and afflicted them.
oppress 1.Verb 탄압[억압]하다 2.압박감을 주다, 우울하게 만들다 (=weigh down)
afflict Verb 괴롭히다, 피해를 입히다

(Chapter 3)

3:2 (he did this only to teach warfare to the descendants of the Israelites who had not had previous battle experience):
warfare 1.Noun (특히 특정한 무기·방법을 이용한) 전투[-전] (→biological warfare, chemical warfare, germ warfare)
2. (집단·기업들 등이 벌이는) 전쟁[싸움] (→psychological warfare)

left-handed man, the son of Gera the Benjamite. The Israelites sent him with tribute to Eglon king of Moab.
tribute 1.Noun (특히 죽은 사람에게 바치는) 헌사[찬사] 2.…의 효력[영향력]을 입증하는 것 3.공물(특히 과거 속국이 종주국에 바치던 것)

3:21 Ehud reached with his left hand, drew the sword from his right thigh and plunged it into the king’s belly.
plunge 1.Verb (앞아래로 갑자기) 거꾸러지다[거꾸러뜨리다] 2.급락하다 (=plummet) 3.Noun (갑자기) 떨어져 내림[나감], 낙하 (=drop)

3:31 After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad. He too saved Israel.
oxgoad Noun 소몰이용 막대.

(Chapter 4)

4:21 But Jael, Heber’s wife, picked up a tent peg and a hammer and went quietly to him while he lay fast asleep, exhausted. She drove the peg through his temple into the ground, and he died.
temple 1.Noun 해부 관자놀이 2.안경 다리

4:23 On that day God subdued Jabin, the Canaanite king, before the Israelites.
subdue 1. Verb 진압하다 (=defeat) 2.(감정을) 가라앉히다[억누르다] (=suppress)

(Chapter 5)

5:6 “In the days of Shamgar son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the roads were abandoned; travelers took to winding paths.
winding 종교 소로

5:17 Gilead stayed beyond the Jordan. And Dan, why did he linger by the ships? Asher remained on the coast and stayed in his coves.
linger 1.Verb (예상보다 오래) 남다[계속되다] 2.(자리를 떠나고 싶지 않아서) 더 오래 머물다, (…을 하면서) 오랜 시간을 보내다 3.(시선·생각이) (~에) 오래 머물다
cove 1.Noun (만 안의) 후미, 내포(內浦), (해안 낭떠러지의) 후미진 곳 2.Noun (험한) 산골짜기 길, 산그늘

5:22 Then thundered the horses’ hoofs–galloping, galloping go his mighty steeds.
steed Noun 문예체 또는 유머 (승마용) 말

5:26 Her hand reached for the tent peg, her right hand for the workman’s hammer. She struck Sisera, she crushed his head, she shattered and pierced his temple.
shatter 1.Verb 산산이 부서지다, 산산조각 나다; 산산이 부수다. 산산조각 내다 2.(특히 희망·신념 등을[이]) 산산조각 내다[산산조각 나다] 3.엄청난 충격을 주다

5:28 “Through the window peered Sisera’s mother; behind the lattice she cried out, ‘Why is his chariot so long in coming? Why is the clatter of his chariots delayed?’
peer 1.I verb 자세히 들여다보다, 응시하다, 주의해서 보다 ((into, at)) 2.<해 등이> 희미하게 나타나다, 보이기 시작하다 ((from, through))
lattice Noun 격자, 격자 모양의 것
clatter 1.Verb 달가닥[털커덕/쨍그랑]하는 소리를 내다 2.달그락[털커덕]거리며 가다[움직이다]

5:30 ‘Are they not finding and dividing the spoils: a girl or two for each man, colorful garments as plunder for Sisera, colorful garments embroidered, highly embroidered garments for my neck–all this as plunder?’
spoil 1.Verb 망치다, 버려 놓다, 못쓰게 만들다 (=ruin) 2.(아이를) 응석받이로[버릇없게] 키우다 (=overindulge)
3.Noun 격식 또는 문예체 약탈품, 전리품

(Chapter 6)

6:2 Because the power of Midian was so oppressive, the Israelites prepared shelters for themselves in mountain clefts, caves and strongholds.
oppressive 1.Adj 억압[탄압]하는, 억압적인 2.숨이 막힐 듯한, 후텁지근한 (=stifling) 3.(근심·걱정으로) 답답한[질식할 것 같은] (=stifling)
cleft Noun (지면바위 등의) 갈라진 틈, (사람 턱의) 옴폭 들어간 부분
stronghold 1.Noun (특정 사상·집단의) 근거지[중심지], (특히 특정 정당의) 지지 지역 2.성채, 요새 3.(특정 동물의) 활동 무대[서식지]

6:5 They came up with their livestock and their tents like swarms of locusts. It was impossible to count the men and their camels; they invaded the land to ravage it.
ravage Verb 황폐[피폐]하게 만들다, 유린[파괴]하다 (=devastate)

6:6 Midian so impoverished the Israelites that they cried out to the LORD for help.
impoverish 1.Verb 빈곤[가난]하게 하다 2. (질을) 떨어뜨리다[저하시키다]

6:19 Gideon went in, prepared a young goat, and from an ephah of flour he made bread without yeast. Putting the meat in a basket and its broth in a pot, he brought them out and offered them to him under the oak.
broth Noun (걸쭉한) 수프, 죽 (→Scotch broth)

6:32 So that day they called Gideon “Jerub-Baal,” saying, “Let Baal contend with him,” because he broke down Baal’s altar.
contend 1.Verb (특히 언쟁 중에) 주장하다 (=maintain) 2.(~을 얻으려고) 다투다[겨루다]

6:37 look, I will place a wool fleece on the threshing floor. If there is dew only on the fleece and all the ground is dry, then I will know that you will save Israel by my hand, as you said.”
fleece 1.Noun (한 마리의 양에게서 깎아 낸) 양털 2.플리스(양털같이 부드러운 직물), 플리스(로 만든) 스웨터[재킷]  3.Verb 바가지를 씌우다

6:38 And that is what happened. Gideon rose early the next day; he squeezed the fleece and wrung out the dew–a bowlful of water.
wring 1.Verb (빨래를) 짜다 2.(닭 같은 조류를 죽이기 위해 목을) 비틀다

(Chapter 7)

7:4 But the LORD said to Gideon, “There are still too many men. Take them down to the water, and I will sift them for you there. If I say, ‘This one shall go with you,’ he shall go; but if I say, ‘This one shall not go with you,’ he shall not go.”
sift 1.Verb 체로 치다[거르다] 2.면밀히 조사하다, 샅샅이 살피다 3.분리하다, 가려내다

7:5 So Gideon took the men down to the water. There the LORD told him, “Separate those who lap the water with their tongues like a dog from those who kneel down to drink.”
lap 1.Verb <개·고양이 등이> 핥다(lick), 핥아 먹다, 게걸스럽게 먹다; <술 등을> 꿀꺽꿀꺽 마시다 ((up)) 2.<파도 등이> <물가를> 씻다, 찰싹거리다 3. 핥다, 핥아먹다

7:8 So Gideon sent the rest of the Israelites to their tents but kept the three hundred, who took over the provisions and trumpets of the others. Now the camp of Midian lay below him in the valley.
provisions Noun 영양학 식량 (食糧)

7:11 and listen to what they are saying. Afterward, you will be encouraged to attack the camp.” So he and Purah his servant went down to the outposts of the camp.
outpost 1.Noun (군대의) 전초 기지 2.벽지의 소도시, 외딴 곳에 있는 건물들

(Chapter 8)

8:2 But he answered them, “What have I accomplished compared to you? Aren’t the gleanings of Ephraim’s grapes better than the full grape harvest of Abiezer?
gleaning 1.Noun [U] 이삭줍기, (지식 등의) 수집 2.[pl.]주워 모은 이삭 3.[pl.]수집물, 단편적 모음, 선집(選集)

8:3 God gave Oreb and Zeeb, the Midianite leaders, into your hands. What was I able to do compared to you?” At this, their resentment against him subsided.
resentment Noun 분함, 억울함, 분개
subside 1.Verb 가라앉다, 진정되다 2.빠지다 3.내려앉다, 침하되다

8:7 Then Gideon replied, “Just for that, when the LORD has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, I will tear your flesh with desert thorns and briers.”
brier 1.Noun 찔레 , 들장미(의 가지) 2.찔레 숲

8:11 Gideon went up by the route of the nomads east of Nobah and Jogbehah and fell upon the unsuspecting army.
nomad(e) 1.Noun 유목민, 유목 민족 2.방랑자 3.Adj 유목하는, 방랑하는(wandering)

8:15 Then Gideon came and said to the men of Succoth, “Here are Zebah and Zalmunna, about whom you taunted me by saying, ‘Do you already have the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna in your possession? Why should we give bread to your exhausted men?'”
taunt 1.Verb 놀리다, 비웃다, 조롱하다 2.Noun 놀림, 비웃음, 조롱

8:18 Then he asked Zebah and Zalmunna, “What kind of men did you kill at Tabor?” “Men like you,” they answered, “each one with the bearing of a prince.”
bearing 1.Noun 관련, 영향 2.태도, 자세

8:26 The weight of the gold rings he asked for came to seventeen hundred shekels, not counting the ornaments, the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Midian or the chains that were on their camels’ necks.
pendant Noun 펜던트(목걸이 줄에 걸게 되어 있는 보석)

8:27 Gideon made the gold into an ephod, which he placed in Ophrah, his town. All Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his family.
snare 1.Noun 덫[올가미] (=trap) 2.Noun (비유적으로) 덫, (위험한) 유혹 3.Verb 덫[올가미]으로 잡다 (=trap)

(Chapter 9)

9:4 They gave him seventy shekels of silver from the temple of Baal-Berith, and Abimelech used it to hire reckless adventurers, who became his followers.
reckless Adj 무모한, 신중하지 못한; 난폭한 (=rash)
adventurer 1.Noun 구식 모험가 2.흔히 못마땅함 투기꾼, 승부사

9:9 “But the olive tree answered, ‘Should I give up my oil, by which both gods and men are honored, to hold sway over the trees?’
sway 1.Verb (전후좌우로 천천히) 흔들리다[흔들다] 2.(마음을) 흔들다[동요시키다] (=influence) 3.Noun (전후좌우로) 흔들림[진동]
hold sway over …을 지배하다, 마음대로 하다
extend its sway …에 위세(威勢) 부리다.

9:18 (but today you have revolted against my father’s family, murdered his seventy sons on a single stone, and made Abimelech, the son of his slave girl, king over the citizens of Shechem because he is your brother)–
revolt 1.Noun 반란, 봉기, 저항 (=uprising) 2.Verb 반란[봉기]을 일으키다, 들고일어나다 (→revolution), (=rebel, rise up)

9:23 God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the citizens of Shechem, who acted treacherously against Abimelech.
treacherous 1.Adj 기만적인, 신뢰할 수 없는 (=deceitful) 2.(특히 겉보기와 달리) 위험한

9:25 In opposition to him these citizens of Shechem set men on the hilltops to ambush and rob everyone who passed by, and this was reported to Abimelech.
ambush 1.Noun 매복 (공격) 2.Verb 매복했다가 습격하다

9:27 After they had gone out into the fields and gathered the grapes and trodden them, they held a festival in the temple of their god. While they were eating and drinking, they cursed Abimelech.
tread trodden trod 1.Verb 특히 英 (발을) 디디다, 밟다 2.밟아서 뭉개다[으깨다] (=trample) 3.Noun 걸음걸이, 발소리

9:28 Then Gaal son of Ebed said, “Who is Abimelech, and who is Shechem, that we should be subject to him? Isn’t he Jerub-Baal’s son, and isn’t Zebul his deputy? Serve the men of Hamor, Shechem’s father! Why should we serve Abimelech?
deputy 1.Noun (한 조직의 장(長) 바로 다음 가는 직급인) 부-[-보/대행[대리](인)] 2.(일부 국가들에서 의회의) 의원[국회의원] 3.(미국에서 한 지역의) 보안관보

9:31 Under cover he sent messengers to Abimelech, saying, “Gaal son of Ebed and his brothers have come to Shechem and are stirring up the city against you.
under cover 1.위장을 하고 2.(악천후를) 피하여

9:34 So Abimelech and all his troops set out by night and took up concealed positions near Shechem in four companies.
conceal Verb 격식 감추다, 숨기다 (→ill-concealed)

9:37 But Gaal spoke up again: “Look, people are coming down from the center of the land, and a company is coming from the direction of the soothsayers’ tree.”
soothsayer Noun 옛글투 예언자, 점쟁이

9:46 On hearing this, the citizens in the tower of Shechem went into the stronghold of the temple of El-Berith.
stronghold 1.Noun (특정 사상·집단의) 근거지[중심지], (특히 특정 정당의) 지지 지역 2.성채, 요새 3.(특정 동물의) 활동 무대[서식지]

9:52 Abimelech went to the tower and stormed it. But as he approached the entrance to the tower to set it on fire,
storm 1.Noun 폭풍, 폭풍우 2.Verb 기습[급습]하다

(Chapter 10)

10:8 who that year shattered and crushed them. For eighteen years they oppressed all the Israelites on the east side of the Jordan in Gilead, the land of the Amorites.
shatter 1.Verb 산산이 부서지다, 산산조각 나다; 산산이 부수다. 산산조각 내다 2.(특히 희망·신념 등을[이]) 산산조각 내다[산산조각 나다] 3.엄청난 충격을 주다

(Chapter 11)

11:27 I have not wronged you, but you are doing me wrong by waging war against me. Let the LORD, the Judge, decide the dispute this day between the Israelites and the Ammonites.”
wage 1.Noun (보통 주 단위로 받는) 임금[급료] (→living wage, minimum wage, salary) 2.Verb (전쟁전투 등을) 벌이다[계속하다]

11:33 He devastated twenty towns from Aroer to the vicinity of Minnith, as far as Abel Keramim. Thus Israel subdued Ammon.
subdue 1.Verb 진압하다 (=defeat) 2.(감정을) 가라앉히다[억누르다] (=suppress)

11:37 But grant me this one request,” she said. “Give me two months to roam the hills and weep with my friends, because I will never marry.”
roam 1.Verb (이리저리) 돌아다니다, 배회[방랑]하다 (=wander) 2.천천히 훑다[더듬다]

11:40 that each year the young women of Israel go out for four days to commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite.
commemorate Verb (중요 인물·사건을) 기념하다

(Chapter 12)

12:4 Jephthah then called together the men of Gilead and fought against Ephraim. The Gileadites struck them down because the Ephraimites had said, “You Gileadites are renegades from Ephraim and Manasseh.”
renegade 1.Noun 변절자, 탈당자; 배교자 2.(과거 자신이 속했던 집단·사회를 떠난) 이탈자 (=outlaw)

(Chapter 13)

13:2 A certain man of Zorah, named Manoah, from the clan of the Danites, had a wife who was sterile and remained childless.
sterile 1.Adj 불임의 (=infertile) (→fertile) 2.살균한, 소독한 3.아무 소득 없는, 무익한 (=fruitless)

13:16 The angel of the LORD replied, “Even though you detain me, I will not eat any of your food. But if you prepare a burnt offering, offer it to the LORD.” (Manoah did not realize that it was the angel of the LORD.)
detain 1.Verb (경찰서·교도소 ·병원 등에) 구금[억류]하다 2.(어디에 가지 못하게) 붙들다, 지체하게 하다 (→detention)

(Chapter 14)

14:4 (His parents did not know that this was from the LORD, who was seeking an occasion to confront the Philistines; for at that time they were ruling over Israel.)
confront 1.Verb 닥치다 2.(문제나 곤란한 상황에) 맞서다 (=face up to) 3.(위험한 상황 등에) 정면으로 부딪치다[마주치다]

14:15 On the fourth day, they said to Samson’s wife, “Coax your husband into explaining the riddle for us, or we will burn you and your father’s household to death. Did you invite us here to rob us?”
coax Verb 구슬리다, 달래다 (=cajole)

(Chapter 15)

15:5 lit the torches and let the foxes loose in the standing grain of the Philistines. He burned up the shocks and standing grain, together with the vineyards and olive groves.
shock 1.Noun (보통 12단을 묶은) 보릿단 가리, 볏가리; [미] 옥수수 단 2.T verb (볏)가리[단]로 만들다

15:8 He attacked them viciously and slaughtered many of them. Then he went down and stayed in a cave in the rock of Etam.
viciously 사악하게, 맹렬하게, 몹쓸 정도로
vicious 1.Adj 잔인한, 포악한, 악랄한 (=brutal) 2.사나운, 공격적인 3.증오[악의]에 찬

15:14 As he approached Lehi, the Philistines came toward him shouting. The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power. The ropes on his arms became like charred flax, and the bindings dropped from his hands.
charred Adj 새까맣게 탄, 숯이 된
flax 1.Noun 아마(亞麻) 2. 아마 섬유

(Chapter 16)

16:5 The rulers of the Philistines went to her and said, “See if you can lure him into showing you the secret of his great strength and how we can overpower him so we may tie him up and subdue him. Each one of us will give you eleven hundred shekels of silver.”
overpower 1.Verb 제압하다 2.압도하다, 사로잡다 (=overwhelm)
subdue 1.Verb 진압하다 (=defeat) 2.(감정을) 가라앉히다[억누르다] (=suppress)

16:7 Samson answered her, “If anyone ties me with seven fresh thongs that have not been dried, I’ll become as weak as any other man.”
thong 1.Noun 가죽 끈(무엇을 묶거나 채찍으로 쓰는 것) 2.끈 팬티(뒷부분이 아주 가늘게 끈처럼 되어 있는 남녀 팬티)

16:9 With men hidden in the room, she called to him, “Samson, the Philistines are upon you!” But he snapped the thongs as easily as a piece of string snaps when it comes close to a flame. So the secret of his strength was not discovered.
snap 1.Verb 딱[툭] (하고) 부러뜨리다[끊다], 딱[툭] (하고) 부러지다[끊어지다] 2.<찰칵딸까닥탁 하는 소리를 내며 재빨리 움직이거나 움직이게 하는 것을 나타냄> 3.Noun (특히 무엇이 닫히거나 부러질 때 나는) 찰칵[딸까닥/탁/똑] 하는 소리

16:13 Delilah then said to Samson, “Until now, you have been making a fool of me and lying to me. Tell me how you can be tied.” He replied, “If you weave the seven braids of my head into the fabric on the loom and tighten it with the pin, I’ll become as weak as any other man.” So while he was sleeping, Delilah took the seven braids of his head, wove them into the fabric
braid Noun (실을 꼬아서 만든) 장식용 수술

16:15 Then she said to him, “How can you say, ‘I love you,’ when you won’t confide in me? This is the third time you have made a fool of me and haven’t told me the secret of your great strength.”
confide Verb (비밀을) 털어놓다

16:16 With such nagging she prodded him day after day until he was tired to death.
nagging 1.Adj (통증·의심 등이) 계속되는[없어지지 않는] 2.잔소리하는, 불평하는
prod 1.Verb (손가락이나 뾰족한 것으로) 쿡 찌르다 (=poke) 2.재촉[촉구]하다 3.Noun (손가락이나 뾰족한 것으로) 쿡 찌르기 (=dig)

(Chapter 17)

17:5 Now this man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and some idols and installed one of his sons as his priest.
shrine 1.Noun 성지(聖地) 2.성지(와 같은 곳)

(Chapter 19)

19:4 His father-in-law, the girl’s father, prevailed upon him to stay; so he remained with him three days, eating and drinking, and sleeping there.
prevail 1.Verb 만연[팽배]하다 2.승리하다[이기다] (=triumph) 3.(특히 오랜 투쟁 끝에 적수를) 이기다
prevail on/upon somebody to do something ~를 ~하도록 설득하다

19:24 Look, here is my virgin daughter, and his concubine. I will bring them out to you now, and you can use them and do to them whatever you wish. But to this man, don’t do such a disgraceful thing.”
disgraceful Adj 수치스러운, 부끄러운

(Chapter 20)

20:3 (The Benjamites heard that the Israelites had gone up to Mizpah.) Then the Israelites said, “Tell us how this awful thing happened.”
awful 1.Adj 끔찍한, 지독한 2.(특히 양적으로 많음을 강조하는 의미로) 엄청 3.Adv 특히 美 되게, 굉장히

20:6 I took my concubine, cut her into pieces and sent one piece to each region of Israel’s inheritance, because they committed this lewd and disgraceful act in Israel.
lewd Adj 외설적인, 선정적인 (=obscene)

20:10 We’ll take ten men out of every hundred from all the tribes of Israel, and a hundred from a thousand, and a thousand from ten thousand, to get provisions for the army. Then, when the army arrives at Gibeah in Benjamin, it can give them what they deserve for all this vileness done in Israel.”
vileness Noun 몹시 나쁨, 비열함.

20:31 The Benjamites came out to meet them and were drawn away from the city. They began to inflict casualties on the Israelites as before, so that about thirty men fell in the open field and on the roads–the one leading to Bethel and the other to Gibeah.
inflict Verb (괴로움 등을) 가하다[안기다]
casualty 1.Noun 사상자 2.피해자 (=victim) 3.응급실

20:32 While the Benjamites were saying, “We are defeating them as before,” the Israelites were saying, “Let’s retreat and draw them away from the city to the roads.”
retreat 1.Verb 후퇴[철수/퇴각]하다(↔advance) 2.멀어져 가다, 물러가다(=recede) 3.Noun 후퇴, 철수, 퇴각

20:36 Then the Benjamites saw that they were beaten. Now the men of Israel had given way before Benjamin, because they relied on the ambush they had set near Gibeah.
give way (to somebody/something) 1.(~에게) 항복하다[양보하다] 2.(~이) 먼저 가도록 하다[양보하다]

20:43 They surrounded the Benjamites, chased them and easily overran them in the vicinity of Gibeah on the east.
overrun 1.Verb 급속히 퍼지다[가득 차다], 들끓다 2.(예정된 시간·금액을) 초과하다, 침략하다

20:44 Eighteen thousand Benjamites fell, all of them valiant fighters.
valiant Adj 특히 문예체 용맹한, 단호한 (=courageous)

(Chapter 21)

21:17 The Benjamite survivors must have heirs,” they said, “so that a tribe of Israel will not be wiped out.
heir 1.Noun 상속인, (왕위·작위의) 계승자 2.(과업·전통 등의) 계승자[후계자]

 

 

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