Proverbs (NIV)


Proverbs (NIV)

(Chapter 1)
1:3 for acquiring a disciplined and prudent life, doing what is right and just and fair;
prudent Adj 신중한 (↔imprudent)
prudence 1.Noun 신중, 사려 분별, 조심, 빈틈없음 2.검약, 절약 3.(이익에 대한) 타산

1:9 They will be a garland to grace your head and a chain to adorn your neck.
garland 1.Noun 화환, 화관 2.Verb 문예체 화환[화관]을 씌우다, 화환[화관]으로 장식하다

1:11 If they say, “Come along with us; let’s lie in wait for someone’s blood, let’s waylay some harmless soul;
waylay Verb (특히 이야기를 하거나 공격을 가하기 위해 길 가는 사람을) 불러 세우다

1:19 Such is the end of all who go after ill-gotten gain; it takes away the lives of those who get it.
ill-gotten Adj 구식, 또는 유머 부정하게 얻은[손에 넣은]

1:24 But since you rejected me when I called and no one gave heed when I stretched out my hand,
heed Verb 격식 (남의 충고경고에) 주의를 기울이다 (=take notice of)

1:27 when calamity overtakes you like a storm, when disaster sweeps over you like a whirlwind, when distress and trouble overwhelm you.
calamity Noun 재앙, 재난 (=disaster)
disaster 1.Noun 참사, 재난, 재해 (=catastrophe) 2.Noun 엄청난 불행, 재앙

1:30 since they would not accept my advice and spurned my rebuke,
spurn Verb 퇴짜 놓다, 일축하다 (=shun)

1:32 For the waywardness of the simple will kill them, and the complacency of fools will destroy them;
waywardness Noun 자의성, 자신의 의지에 따라 함
complacency Noun 보통 못마땅함 현 상태에 만족함, 안주

(Chapter 2)

2:11 Discretion will protect you, and understanding will guard you.
discretion 1.Noun (자유) 재량(권) 2.신중함 (→indiscretion), / 근신

2:12 Wisdom will save you from the ways of wicked men, from men whose words are perverse,
perverse Adj (사고방식·태도가) 비뚤어진[삐딱한]

2:15 whose paths are crooked and who are devious in their ways.
crooked 1.Adj 비뚤어진, 구부러진 (↔straight) 2.부정직한
devious 1.Adj 정직하지 못한, 기만적인 (=deceitful, underhand) 2.많이 둘러 가는[직선도로가 아닌] 길

2:16 It will save you also from the adulteress, from the wayward wife with her seductive words,
wayward Adj 격식 다루기[다스리기] 힘든 (=headstrong)
seductive 1.Adj(성적으로) 유혹[매혹/고혹]적인 2.마음을 끄는, 유혹적인 (=tempting)

(Chapter 3)

3:2 for they will prolong your life many years and bring you prosperity.
prolong Verb 연장시키다, 연장하다 (=extend)

3:7 Do not be wise in your own eyes; fear the LORD and shun evil.
shun Verb 피하다

3:10 then your barns will be filled to overflowing, and your vats will brim over with new wine.
vat Noun 통(특히 산업 현장에서, 액체를 담는 데 쓰는 대형 통)

3:11 My son, do not despise the LORD’S discipline and do not resent his rebuke,
resent Verb 분하게[억울하게] 여기다, 분개하다

(Chapter 4)

4:5 Get wisdom, get understanding; do not forget my words or swerve from them.
swerve Verb 방향을 바꾸다[틀다]

4:12 When you walk, your steps will not be hampered; when you run, you will not stumble.
hamper 1.T verb <진행·움직임 등을> 방해하다(hinder), 훼방놓다; 제한[구속]하다; <일의 순서를> 어지럽히다 2.Noun 방해, 구속, 족쇄(fetter)

4:18 The path of the righteous is like the first gleam of dawn, shining ever brighter till the full light of day.
gleam 1.Verb 어슴푸레[희미하게] 빛나다 2.(아주 깨끗하게) 환하다[반짝이다] 3.Noun (흔히 어디에 반사된) 어슴푸레한[흐릿한] 빛

4:23 Above all else, guard your heart, for it is the wellspring of life.
wellspring Noun 문예체 (마르지 않는) 원천

(Chapter 5)

5:2 that you may maintain discretion and your lips may preserve knowledge.
discretion 1.Noun (자유) 재량(권) 2.신중함 (→indiscretion)

5:12 You will say, “How I hated discipline! How my heart spurned correction!
spurn Verb 퇴짜 놓다, 일축하다 (=shun)

5:14 I have come to the brink of utter ruin in the midst of the whole assembly.”
brink 1.Noun (아주 새롭거나 위험하거나 흥미로운 상황이 발생하기) 직전 2.문예체 (벼랑·강가 등의) 끝

5:22 The evil deeds of a wicked man ensnare him; the cords of his sin hold him fast.
ensnare Verb 격식 (올가미에 걸리듯) 걸려들게[빠지게] 하다 (=trap)

(Chapter 6)

6:1 My son, if you have put up security for your neighbor, if you have struck hands in pledge for another,
put up security 담보하다, 보증을 서다
pledge 1.Noun (굳은) 약속, 맹세, 서약 (=commitment) 2.저당[담보](금) 3.Verb (정식으로) 약속[맹세]하다

6:2 if you have been trapped by what you said, ensnared by the words of your mouth,
ensnare Verb 격식 (올가미에 걸리듯) 걸려들게[빠지게] 하다 (=trap)

6:6 Go to the ant, you sluggard; consider its ways and be wise!
sluggard Noun 격식 나태한 사람

6:11 and poverty will come on you like a bandit and scarcity like an armed man.
scarcity Noun 부족, 결핍 (=shortage)

6:12 A scoundrel and villain, who goes about with a corrupt mouth,
scoundrel Noun 구식 (비열한) 악당 (=rogue)
villain 1.Noun (이야기·연극 등의 중심인물인) 악당[악한] 2.악인, 악한

6:14 who plots evil with deceit in his heart–he always stirs up dissension.
dissension Noun 격식 알력, 불화

6:24 keeping you from the immoral woman, from the smooth tongue of the wayward wife.
wayward Adj 격식 다루기[다스리기] 힘든 (=headstrong)

(Chapter 7)

7:10 Then out came a woman to meet him, dressed like a prostitute and with crafty intent.
crafty Adjective 보통 못마땅함 술수[술책]가 뛰어난, 교활한 (=cunning, wily)

7:11 (She is loud and defiant, her feet never stay at home;
defiant Adj (공개적으로, 때로는 공격적으로) 반항[저항]하는

7:12 now in the street, now in the squares, at every corner she lurks.)
lurk 1.Verb (특히 나쁜 짓을 하려고 기다리며) 숨어 있다[도사리다] (=skulk) 2.(불쾌한 일위험이) 도사리다

7:13 She took hold of him and kissed him and with a brazen face she said:
brazen 1.Adj 못마땅함 뻔뻔한 (=shameless) 2.놋쇠로 만든, 황동색의

7:22 All at once he followed her like an ox going to the slaughter, like a deer stepping into a noose
noose Noun 올가미

7:23 till an arrow pierces his liver, like a bird darting into a snare, little knowing it will cost him his life.
dart 1.Noun (무기용의 작은) 화살, (다트 놀이용) 화살 2.다트 3.Verb 쏜살같이[휙] 달리다[움직이다]

(Chapter 8)

8:5 You who are simple, gain prudence; you who are foolish, gain understanding.
prudence 1.Noun 신중, 사려 분별, 조심, 빈틈없음 2.검약, 절약

8:8 All the words of my mouth are just; none of them is crooked or perverse.
crooked or perverse. 구부러지거나 비뚫어진

8:12 “I, wisdom, dwell together with prudence; I possess knowledge and discretion.
discretion 1.Noun (자유) 재량(권) 2.신중함

(Chapter 9)

9:1 Wisdom has built her house; she has hewn out its seven pillars.
hew 1.Verb 구식 (도구를 써서 큰 것을) 자르다 2.격식 (큰 것을) 잘라서[깎아서] 만들다

9:7 “Whoever corrects a mocker invites insult; whoever rebukes a wicked man incurs abuse.
incur 1.Verb (좋지 못한 상황을[에]) 초래하다[처하게 되다] 2.(비용을) 발생시키다[물게 되다]

(Chapter 10)

10:3 The LORD does not let the righteous go hungry but he thwarts the craving of the wicked.
thwart Verb (계획 등을) 좌절시키다 (=frustrate)

10:5 He who gathers crops in summer is a wise son, but he who sleeps during harvest is a disgraceful son.
disgraceful Adj 수치스러운, 부끄러운

10:8 The wise in heart accept commands, but a chattering fool comes to ruin.
chatter 1.Verb 수다를 떨다, 재잘거리다 2.딱딱 맞부딪치다 3.Noun 수다, 재잘거림
ruin 1.Verb 망치다[엉망으로 만들다](=wreck) 2.파산[파멸]시키다, 폐허로 만들다 3.Noun 붕괴, 몰락

10:12 Hatred stirs up dissension, but love covers over all wrongs.
dissension Noun 격식 알력, 불화

10:17 He who heeds discipline shows the way to life, but whoever ignores correction leads others astray.
heed Verb 격식 (남의 충고경고에) 주의를 기울이다 (=take notice of)

10:28 The prospect of the righteous is joy, but the hopes of the wicked come to nothing.
prospect 1.Noun (어떤 일이 있을) 가망[가능성] 2.예상 3.Verb (금 등을 찾아) 탐사[탐광]하다

(Chapter 11)

11:5 The righteousness of the blameless makes a straight way for them, but the wicked are brought down by their own wickedness.
bring down Verb 내리다, 떨어뜨리다; 파멸[도산]시키다, 붕괴시키다; 콧대를 꺾다.

11:12 A man who lacks judgment derides his neighbor, but a man of understanding holds his tongue.
deride Verb 격식 조롱[조소]하다 (=mock)

11:15 He who puts up security for another will surely suffer, but whoever refuses to strike hands in pledge is safe.
strike hands in pledge 보증을 서다

11:16 A kindhearted woman gains respect, but ruthless men gain only wealth.
kindhearted Adj 친절한, 마음씨 고운, 인정 많은. (=KIND¹)
ruthless Adj무자비한, 가차 없는, 인정사정없는

11:20 The LORD detests men of perverse heart but he delights in those whose ways are blameless.
detest Verb 몹시 싫어하다, 혐오하다 (=loathe)
perverse Adj (사고방식·태도가) 비뚤어진[삐딱한]

11:22 Like a gold ring in a pig’s snout is a beautiful woman who shows no discretion.
snout 1.Noun (돼지 같은 동물의) 코[주둥이] (→muzzle) 2. 유머 (사람의) 코 3.돌출부, 주둥이
discretion 1.Noun (자유) 재량(권) 2.신중함 (→indiscretion), 분별력

11:24 One man gives freely, yet gains even more; another withholds unduly, but comes to poverty.
unduly Adv 지나치게, 과도하게 (→duly), (=excessively)

11:27 He who seeks good finds goodwill, but evil comes to him who searches for it.
goodwill 1.Noun 친선, 호의

(Chapter 12)

12:2 A good man obtains favor from the LORD, but the LORD condemns a crafty man.
crafty Adjective 보통 못마땅함 술수[술책]가 뛰어난, 교활한(=cunning, wily)

12:8 A man is praised according to his wisdom, but men with warped minds are despised.
warped 1.Adj 못마땅함 (생각이) 비뚤어진[뒤틀린] 2.(정상적인 형태를 잃고) 휜[틀어진/뒤틀린]
warp 1.Verb 휘다[틀어지다], 휘게[틀어지게] 만들다 2.비뚤어지게[뒤틀리게] 만들다 3.Noun 전문 용어 (베틀의) 날실 (→weft, time warp)

12:16 A fool shows his annoyance at once, but a prudent man overlooks an insult.
annoyance 1.Noun 짜증, 약이 오름 (=irritation) 2. 골칫거리

12:23 A prudent man keeps his knowledge to himself, but the heart of fools blurts out folly.
blurt Verb 불쑥 내뱉다[말하다]

(Chapter 13)

13:1 A wise son heeds his father’s instruction, but a mocker does not listen to rebuke.
heed Verb 격식 (남의 충고경고에) 주의를 기울이다 (=take notice of)

13:2 From the fruit of his lips a man enjoys good things, but the unfaithful have a craving for violence.
unfaithful Adj 외도를 하는, 바람을 피우는 (↔faithful)
craving Noun 갈망, 열망

13:10 Pride only breeds quarrels, but wisdom is found in those who take advice.
breed 1.Verb 새끼를 낳다 (→interbreed) 2.(동물·식물을 번식시키기 위해) 사육하다[재배하다] (→cross-breed, pure-bred, thoroughbred) 3.Noun (특히 개·고양이·가축의) 품종

13:11 Dishonest money dwindles away, but he who gathers money little by little makes it grow.
dwindle Verb (점점) 줄어들다

13:17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a trustworthy envoy brings healing.
envoy Noun 사절, 특사 (=emissary)

(Chapter 14)

14:2 He whose walk is upright fears the LORD, but he whose ways are devious despises him.
devious 1.Adj 정직하지 못한, 기만적인 (=deceitful, underhand) 2.많이 둘러 가는[직선도로가 아닌] 길

14:6 The mocker seeks wisdom and finds none, but knowledge comes easily to the discerning.
discerning Adjective 호감 안목이 있는
discern 1.Verb (특히 분명하지 않은 것을) 알아차리다[파악하다/포착하다] (=detect) 2.(어렴풋이) 알아보다[알아듣다] (=make out)

14:8 The wisdom of the prudent is to give thought to their ways, but the folly of fools is deception.
prudent Adj 신중한 (↔imprudent)

14:11 The house of the wicked will be destroyed, but the tent of the upright will flourish.
flourish 1.Verb 번창하다 (=thrive) 2.잘 자라다, 잘 지내다 (=thrive)

14:16 A wise man fears the LORD and shuns evil, but a fool is hotheaded and reckless.
reckless Adj 무모한, 신중하지 못한; 난폭한 (=rash), 분별 없는
hotheaded Adj 성급한, 성마른(impetuous)

14:35 A king delights in a wise servant, but a shameful servant incurs his wrath.
incur 1.Verb (좋지 못한 상황을[에]) 초래하다[처하게 되다] 2.(비용을) 발생시키다[물게 되다]

(Chapter 15)

15:1 A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.
harsh 1.Adj 가혹한, 냉혹한, 과격한, 혹독한 3.(너무 강하거나 밝거나 추해서) 눈에 거슬리는, 야한 (↔soft)

15:2 The tongue of the wise commends knowledge, but the mouth of the fool gushes folly.
gush 1.Verb (액체가) 솟구치다[쏟아져 나오다] 2.(액체를 갑자기) 쏟아 내다 3.Noun(액체 많은 양이) 솟구침[분출]

15:5 A fool spurns his father’s discipline, but whoever heeds correction shows prudence.
spurn Verb 퇴짜 놓다, 일축하다 (=shun)
heed Verb 격식 (남의 충고경고에) 주의를 기울이다 (=take notice of)

15:10 Stern discipline awaits him who leaves the path; he who hates correction will die.
stern 1.Adj 엄중한, 근엄한 (=strict) 2. 심각한 3.Noun (배의) 고물, 선미 (→bow 1 n., poop)

15:12 A mocker resents correction; he will not consult the wise.
resent Verb 분하게[억울하게] 여기다, 분개하다

15:15 All the days of the oppressed are wretched, but the cheerful heart has a continual feast.
wretched 1.Adj 몸[기분]이 안 좋은, 비참한 2.격식 끔찍한, 형편없는 (=awful) 3.격식 가련한, 불쌍한 (=pitiful)

15:16 Better a little with the fear of the LORD than great wealth with turmoil.
turmoil Noun 혼란, 소란 (=confusion)

15:18 A hot-tempered man stirs up dissension, but a patient man calms a quarrel.
dissension Noun 격식 알력, 불화

15:23 A man finds joy in giving an apt reply–and how good is a timely word!
apt 1.Adj 적절한 2.잘 …하는, …하는 경향이 있는 3.(…에 대해) 소질을 타고난 사람

15:25 The LORD tears down the proud man’s house but he keeps the widow’s boundaries intact.
intact Adj (하나도 손상되지 않고) 온전한, 전혀 다치지 않은 (=undamag

(Chapter 16)

16:6 Through love and faithfulness sin is atoned for; through the fear of the LORD a man avoids evil.
atone Verb 격식 속죄하다 (=make amends)

16:12 Kings detest wrongdoing, for a throne is established through righteousness.
establish 1.Verb 설립[설정]하다(=set up) 2.(공식적인 관계를) 수립하다 3.(~로서의 지위·명성을) 확고히 하다

16:14 A king’s wrath is a messenger of death, but a wise man will appease it.
appease 1.Verb 달래다 2.(전쟁을 피하기 위해 어떤 국가의) 요구를 들어주다, 유화 정책을 쓰다

16:27 A scoundrel plots evil, and his speech is like a scorching fire.
scoundrel Noun 구식 (비열한) 악당 (=rogue)

16:29 A violent man entices his neighbor and leads him down a path that is not good.
entice [ɪnˈtaɪs] Verb (보통 무엇을 제공하며) 유도[유인]하다 (=persuade)

16:30 He who winks with his eye is plotting perversity; he who purses his lips is bent on evil.
purse 1.Noun 지갑 (→change purse, wallet) 2.美(=handbag) 3.Verb (불만 등의 표시로 입술을) 오므리다
bent on something/on doing something (보통 안 좋은 일에) 작정을 하고 덤비는 (→hell-bent)
bent on Adj 열중하고 있는, 결심하고 있는. (=determined; resolved.)

(Chapter 17)

17:1 Better a dry crust with peace and quiet than a house full of feasting, with strife.
strife 1.Noun 격식 또는 문예체 (개인·집단 간의) 갈등, 불화, 다툼 (=conflict)

17:3 The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but the LORD tests the heart.
crucible 1.Noun (쇳물을 녹이거나 하는) 도가니 2.Noun 격식,문예체 (새로운 것을 창조하 과정의) 호된 시련의 장

17:5 He who mocks the poor shows contempt for their Maker; whoever gloats over disaster will not go unpunished.
gloat Verb (자신의 성공에) 흡족해 하다, (남의 실패를) 고소해 하다 (=crow)

17:14 Starting a quarrel is like breaching a dam; so drop the matter before a dispute breaks out.
breach 갈라진 틈을 내다 1.Noun 위반 2.~을 저버림, ~의 파괴[파기] 3.Verb (합의나 약속을) 위반하다[어기다] (=break)

17:15 Acquitting the guilty and condemning the innocent–the LORD detests them both.
acquit 1.Verb 무죄를 선고하다 (↔convict) 2. 격식 잘, 잘못 처신하다[(능력을) 발휘하다] 등
acquit (somebody of ) 무죄판결을 내리다

17:18 A man lacking in judgment strikes hands in pledge and puts up security for his neighbor.
pledge 1.Noun (굳은) 약속, 맹세, 서약 (=commitment) 2.저당[담보](금) 3.Verb (정식으로) 약속[맹세]하다
in pledge 담보[저당]로 (잡혀서)

17:27 A man of knowledge uses words with restraint, and a man of understanding is even-tempered.
even-tempered Adj (성격이) 침착한[차분한]

(Chapter 18)

18:1 An unfriendly man pursues selfish ends; he defies all sound judgment.
defy 1.Verb (권위·법률·규칙 등에) 반항[저항/거역]하다 2.믿기, 설명하기, 묘사하기 등이 (거의) 불가능하다 3.(기이할 정도로 잘) 견뎌 내다

18:2 A fool finds no pleasure in understanding but delights in airing his own opinions.
airing 1.Noun (의견) 발표, (공개) 토론 2.(옷 등에) 바람을 쐼, 거풍

18:3 When wickedness comes, so does contempt, and with shame comes disgrace.
contempt 1.Noun 경멸, 멸시 2.(법규·위험 등을) 개의하지 않음, 무시
disgrace 1.Noun 망신, 수치, 불명예 (=shame) 2.망신[수치]스러운 사람[것] 3.Verb (체면에) 먹칠하다

18:4 The words of a man’s mouth are deep waters, but the fountain of wisdom is a bubbling brook.
bubbling Adj 졸졸 흐르는, 부글부글 거품이 이는.

18:6 A fool’s lips bring him strife, and his mouth invites a beating.
strife 1.Noun 격식 또는 문예체 (개인·집단 간의) 갈등, 불화, 다툼 (=conflict)

18:7 A fool’s mouth is his undoing, and his lips are a snare to his soul.
undoing Noun 실패의 원인 (=downfall)

18:8 The words of a gossip are like choice morsels; they go down to a man’s inmost parts.
morsel Noun (특히 음식의) 작은 양[조각]

18:9 One who is slack in his work is brother to one who destroys.
slack 1.Adj 느슨한, (느슨하게) 늘어진[처진] (=loose) 2.부진한, 한산한 3.Noun (밧줄 등의) 느슨한[처진] 부분

18:16 A gift opens the way for the giver and ushers him into the presence of the great.
usher 1.Noun (교회극장 등의) 좌석 안내원 2.(법정의) 정리(廷吏) 3.Verb 안내하다

18:19 An offended brother is more unyielding than a fortified city, and disputes are like the barred gates of a citadel.
unyielding 1.Adj고집이 센 (=inflexible) 2.(물질·사물이) 유연성[탄력]이 없는

(Chapter 19)

19:6 Many curry favor with a ruler, and everyone is the friend of a man who gives gifts.
curry favor with a person 남의 비위를 맞추다, 남에게 알랑거리다

19:15 Laziness brings on deep sleep, and the shiftless man goes hungry.
shiftless Adj 못마땅함 (인생에서) 꿈도 야망도 없는[아무 의욕이 없는]

19:28 A corrupt witness mocks at justice, and the mouth of the wicked gulps down evil.
gulp 1.Verb 꿀꺽꿀꺽 삼키다, 벌컥벌컥 마시다 2.(특히 공포놀라움에 질려) 침을 꿀떡 삼키다 3.Noun 꿀꺽 한 입 (먹는마시는 양)

(Chapter 20)

20:1 Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.
mocker 1.Noun 조롱하는[놀리는] 사람, 흉내내는 사람 2.(=MOCKINGBIRD.)
brawler Noun 말다툼[싸움]하는 사람

20:2 A king’s wrath is like the roar of a lion; he who angers him forfeits his life.
forfeit 1.Verb 몰수[박탈]당하다 2.Noun 벌금, 몰수품

20:17 Food gained by fraud tastes sweet to a man, but he ends up with a mouth full of gravel.
fraud 1.Noun 사기(죄) 2.사기꾼 3.가짜, 엉터리
gravel Noun 자갈

20:30 Blows and wounds cleanse away evil, and beatings purge the inmost being.
purge 1.Verb (조직에서 사람을, 흔히 폭력적인 방법으로) 제거[숙청]하다 2.격식 (나쁜 생각감정을) 몰아내다[없애다]
3.Noun (조직에서 사람을, 흔히 폭력적인 방법으로) 제거[숙청]

(Chapter 21)

21:7 The violence of the wicked will drag them away, for they refuse to do what is right.
drag away [나무 따위]를 뽑아내다, [아이 등]을 (TV 따위에서) 떼어놓다((from))

21:8 The way of the guilty is devious, but the conduct of the innocent is upright.
devious 1.Adj 정직하지 못한, 기만적인 (=deceitful, underhand) 2.많이 둘러 가는[직선도로가 아닌] 길

21:14 A gift given in secret soothes anger, and a bribe concealed in the cloak pacifies great wrath.
conceal Verb 격식 감추다, 숨기다 (→ill-concealed)
pacify 1. Verb (화가 난 사람을) 진정시키다[달래다] (=placate) 2.(전쟁 지역에) 평화를 가져오다

21:24 The proud and arrogant man–“Mocker” is his name; he behaves with overweening pride.
overweening Adj 격식, 못마땅함 자만에 찬, 우쭐대는 (=arrogant)
overweening pride 지나친 자존심

(Chapter 22)

22:1 A good name is more desirable than great riches; to be esteemed is better than silver or gold.
esteemed Adj 존중받는, 존경받는, 호평받는.
esteem 1.Noun 격식 (대단한) 존경 (→self-esteem) 2.Verb (대단히) 존경[찬탄]하다

22:22 Do not exploit the poor because they are poor and do not crush the needy in court,
exploit 1.Verb 못마땅함 (부당하게) 이용하다 2. 못마땅함 착취하다 3.Noun 위업, 공적

22:29 Do you see a man skilled in his work? He will serve before kings; he will not serve before obscure men.
obscure 1.Adj 잘 알려져 있지 않은, 무명의 (=unknown) 2.이해하기 힘든, 모호한 3.Verb 보기[듣기/이해하기] 어렵게 하다, 모호하게 하다

(Chapter 23)

23:2 and put a knife to your throat if you are given to gluttony.
gluttony Noun 폭식, 과식; 폭음, 과음

23:4 Do not wear yourself out to get rich; have the wisdom to show restraint.
wear (something) out 못쓰게 되다, 지치다
restraint 1.Noun 규제 2.통제, 제한 3.자제 (=self-control)

23:6 Do not eat the food of a stingy man, do not crave his delicacies;
stingy Adj 비격식 (특히 돈에 대해) 인색한[쩨쩨한] (=mean)

23:10 Do not move an ancient boundary stone or encroach on the fields of the fatherless,
encroach 1.Verb 못마땅함 (남의 시간·권리·생활 등을) 침해하다 2. 잠식하다

23:20 Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat,
gorge 1.Noun 협곡 2.Verb 때로 못마땅함 잔뜩[실컷] 먹다 (=stuff yourself)

23:21 for drunkards and gluttons become poor, and drowsiness clothes them in rags.
drowsy 1.Adj 졸리는 (=sleepy) 2.나른하게 만드는
drowsiness Noun [U] 졸림, 께느른함

23:27 for a prostitute is a deep pit and a wayward wife is a narrow well.
wayward Adj 격식 다루기[다스리기] 힘든 (=headstrong), 변덕스러운

23:29 Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?
bloodshot Adj 충혈된, 핏발이 선

23:30 Those who linger over wine, who go to sample bowls of mixed wine.
linger 1.Verb (예상보다 오래) 남다[계속되다] 2.더 오래 머물다, (…을 하면서) 오랜 시간을 보내다 3.(시선·생각이) (~에) 오래 머물다
sample 1.Noun (통계 조사의) 표본 2.(물질의 성분 테스트를 위한) 샘플 3.Verb 맛보다, (음식을) 시식[시음]하다; (경험 삼아 잠깐) 시도해 보다

23:31 Do not gaze at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly!
sparkle 1.Verb 반짝이다 2.생기 넘치다, 재기 발랄하다 3.Noun 반짝거림, 광채

23:34 You will be like one sleeping on the high seas, lying on top of the rigging.
rigging 1.Noun (배의) 삭구(索具) 2.(부정한 방법으로 하는) 조작

(Chapter 24)

24:8 He who plots evil will be known as a schemer.
schemer Noun 못마땅함 책략가, 모사꾼

24:10 If you falter in times of trouble, how small is your strength!
falter 1.Verb 불안정해지다, 흔들리다 (=waver) 2.(자신이 없어 목소리가) 흔들리다[더듬거리다] 3.(자신감 부족으로 걸음이나 행동이) 흔들리다[머뭇거리다]

24:11 Rescue those being led away to death; hold back those staggering toward slaughter.
stagger 1.Verb 비틀[휘청]거리다, 비틀[휘청]거리며 가다 (=totter) 2.큰 충격을 주다, 깜짝 놀라게 하다 (=amaze) 3.(진행되는 일에) 시차를 두다

24:15 Do not lie in wait like an outlaw against a righteous man’s house, do not raid his dwelling place;
lie in wait Verb 숨어서 기다리다, 잠복하다(for). (=lay wait, sit [stand, hide] in wait.)
raid 1.Noun 습격, 급습 (→air raid) 2.(경찰의) 현장 급습[불시 단속] 3.Verb (용의자 체포마약 현장 확보 등을 위해) 불시에 들이닥치다[불시 단속을 벌이다]

24:17 Do not gloat when your enemy falls; when he stumbles, do not let your heart rejoice,
gloat Verb (자신의 성공에) 흡족해 하다, (남의 실패를) 고소해 하다 (=crow)

24:19 Do not fret because of evil men or be envious of the wicked,
fret 1.Verb 특히 英 조바심치다, 조마조마하다 2.Noun (기타의) 프렛

24:24 Whoever says to the guilty, “You are innocent”–peoples will curse him and nations denounce him.
denounce 1.Verb 맹렬히 비난하다 2.Verb (불법적인 정치 활동에 대해) 고발하다 (→denunciation)

24:25 But it will go well with those who convict the guilty, and rich blessing will come upon them.
convict 1.Verb 유죄를 선고하다, 유죄 판결을 내리다 (↔acquit) 2.Noun 기결수, 재소자

24:34 and poverty will come on you like a bandit and scarcity like an armed man.
scarcity [|skersəti] Noun 부족, 결핍 (=shortage)

(Chapter 25)

25:4 Remove the dross from the silver, and out comes material for the silversmith;
dross 1.Noun 특히 英 싸구려 (물건들), 찌꺼기 2.Noun 전문 용어 (특히 녹인 금속의) 찌꺼기

25:7 it is better for him to say to you, “Come up here,” than for him to humiliate you before a nobleman. What you have seen with your eyes
humiliate Verb 굴욕감을 주다, humiliate (a person) 창피를 주다

25:23 As a north wind brings rain, so a sly tongue brings angry looks.
sly 1.Adj 못마땅함 교활한, 음흉한 (=cunning) 2.(남들은 모르는 비밀을) 알고 있다는 듯한 (=knowing)

25:26 Like a muddied spring or a polluted well is a righteous man who gives way to the wicked.
muddy 1.Adj진창인, 진흙투성이인, 흙탕물의, 탁한 2.Verb 흐리게[탁하게] 만들다

(Chapter 26)

26:2 Like a fluttering sparrow or a darting swallow, an undeserved curse does not come to rest.
flutter 1.Verb (빠르고 가볍게) 흔들(리)다[펄럭이다/떨다], (새곤충이 날개를) 파닥이다 2.Noun (빠르고 가벼운) 흔들림[떨림]

26:3 A whip for the horse, a halter for the donkey, and a rod for the backs of fools!
halter Noun (말의) 고삐

26:7 Like a lame man’s legs that hang limp is a proverb in the mouth of a fool.
limp 1.Adj기운[활기]이 없는, 축 처진[늘어진] 흐물흐물한, 흐느적거리는 3.Verb 다리를 절다[절뚝거리다]

26:16 The sluggard is wiser in his own eyes than seven men who answer discreetly.
discreet Adj신중한, 조심스러운 (=tactful) discreetly Adv 사려 깊게, 신중하게.

26:17 Like one who seizes a dog by the ears is a passer-by who meddles in a quarrel not his own.
meddle [ˈmedl] 1.Verb(남의 일에) 간섭하다[참견하다/끼어들다] (=interfere) 2.Verb (특히 남의 것·다룰 줄 모르는 것을) 건드리다[손을 대다]

26:21 As charcoal to embers and as wood to fire, so is a quarrelsome man for kindling strife.
ember Noun (장작·숯이 타다 남은) 잉걸불[불잉걸]

26:22 The words of a gossip are like choice morsels; they go down to a man’s inmost parts.
morsel Noun (특히 음식의) 작은 양[조각]

26:23 Like a coating of glaze over earthenware are fervent lips with an evil heart.
glaze 1.Verb (눈이) 게슴츠레해지다[따분/피곤해 하는 표정이 되다] 2.유리를 끼우다, 유리창을 달다 (→double glazing, glass) 3.Noun (도자기에 바르는) 유약
fervent Adj 열렬한, 강렬한 (=ardent)

26:25 Though his speech is charming, do not believe him, for seven abominations fill his heart.
abomination Noun 격식 혐오[가증]스러운 것

(Chapter 27)

27:3 Stone is heavy and sand a burden, but provocation by a fool is heavier than both.
provocation Noun 도발, 자극; 화낼 이유

27:7 He who is full loathes honey, but to the hungry even what is bitter tastes sweet.
loathe Verb 혐오하다 (=detest)

27:21 The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but man is tested by the praise he receives.
crucible 1.Noun 도가니 2.격식 또는 문예체 (흔히 새로운 것을 창조해 내는 과정에서) 호된 시련의 장

27:22 Though you grind a fool in a mortar, grinding him like grain with a pestle, you will not remove his folly from him.
a mortar and pestle 절구와 절굿공이.

(Chapter 28)

28:8 He who increases his wealth by exorbitant interest amasses it for another, who will be kind to the poor.
exorbitant Adj 격식 과도한, 지나친
amass Verb 모으다, 축적하다 (=accumulate)

28:12 When the righteous triumph, there is great elation; but when the wicked rise to power, men go into hiding.
elation Noun 크게 기뻐함, 득의

28:13 He who conceals his sins does not prosper, but whoever confesses and renounces them finds mercy.
renounce 1.Verb 포기[단념]하다, 포기를 선언하다(=give up), (공적으로 선언하며) 버리다[그만두다], 의절을 선언하다 (=disown) (→renunciation)

28:22 A stingy man is eager to get rich and is unaware that poverty awaits him.
stingy Adj 비격식 (특히 돈에 대해) 인색한[쩨쩨한] (=mean)

(Chapter 29)

29:3 A man who loves wisdom brings joy to his father, but a companion of prostitutes squanders his wealth.
squander Verb 낭비[허비]하다

29:15 The rod of correction imparts wisdom, but a child left to himself disgraces his mother.
impart 1.Verb (정보·지식 등을) 전하다 (=convey) 2.(특정한 특성을) 주다 (=lend)

29:18 Where there is no revelation, the people cast off restraint; but blessed is he who keeps the law.
cast off (all) restraint (전혀) 신중하지 않다, (전혀) 조처를 취하지 않다.

29:21 If a man pampers his servant from youth, he will bring grief in the end.
pamper Verb 때로 못마땅함 소중히 보살피다, 애지중지하다 (=cosset)

29:24 The accomplice of a thief is his own enemy; he is put under oath and dare not testify.
accomplice Noun 공범(자)

29:26 Many seek an audience with a ruler, but it is from the LORD that man gets justice.
audience 1.Noun 청중[관중] 2.시청자[독자/관람객] 3.알현
seek an audience with… …에 회견을 바라다.

(Chapter 30)

30:9 Otherwise, I may have too much and disown you and say, ‘Who is the LORD?’ Or I may become poor and steal, and so dishonor the name of my God.
disown Verb 의절[절연]하다, 자기 것이 아니라고 말하다

30:12 those who are pure in their own eyes and yet are not cleansed of their filth;
filth 1.Noun 오물, (아주 더러운) 쓰레기 2.(섹스와 관련된) 쓰레기 같은[아주 추잡한] 것(말·잡지 등)

30:13 those whose eyes are ever so haughty, whose glances are so disdainful;
disdainful Adj 업신여기는, 무시하는 (=contemptuous, dismissive)

30:15 “The leech has two daughters. ‘Give! Give!’ they cry. “There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, ‘Enough!’:
leech Noun 거머리

30:17 “The eye that mocks a father, that scorns obedience to a mother, will be pecked out by the ravens of the valley, will be eaten by the vultures.
mock 1.Verb (특히 흉내를 내며) 놀리다[조롱하다] (=make fun of) 2.격식 무시[경시]하다 3.Adj 거짓된, 가짜의 (=sham)
scorn 1.Noun 경멸[멸시](감), (=contempt) 2.Verb 경멸[멸시]하다 (=dismiss)
peck Verb 쪼다, 쪼아 먹다

30:23 an unloved woman who is married, and a maidservant who displaces her mistress.
displace 1.Verb 대신[대체]하다 (=replace) 2.(살던 곳에서) 쫓아내다 3.(평소의 위치에서) 옮겨 놓다

30:29 “There are three things that are stately in their stride, four that move with stately bearing:
stately 1.Adj 위풍당당한, 위엄 있는 (=majestic) 2.(격식을 갖춰 느리고) 우아한, 장중한
stride 1.Verb 성큼성큼 걷다 2.Noun (성큼성큼 걷는) 걸음[발(걸음)] (=pace)

30:31 a strutting rooster, a he-goat, and a king with his army around him.
strutting Adj 점잔 빼며[으스대며] 걷는; 거드름 부리는, 젠체하는
strut 1.Verb 뽐내며 걷다 2.Noun (차량건물을 보강하는) 지주[버팀대]

(Chapter 31)

31:3 do not spend your strength on women, your vigor on those who ruin kings.
vigor ( vigour ) 1.Noun 정력, 힘, 활력 2.활기, 정신력, 기력, 원기 3.힘(성장·운동 등에 나타난), 생기, 세력, 활동력, 체력; 억셈 ((성격의)), 힘참, 박력 ((문체 등의)); 건전한 생…

31:8 “Speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves, for the rights of all who are destitute.
destitute 1.Adj 극빈한, 궁핍한 2.극빈자들 3.격식 …이 없는

31:13 She selects wool and flax and works with eager hands.
flax 1.Noun 아마(亞麻) 2.아마 섬유

31:19 In her hand she holds the distaff and grasps the spindle with her fingers.
distaff Noun (손으로 양털을 자을 때 쓰던) 실패

31:24 She makes linen garments and sells them, and supplies the merchants with sashes.
sash 1.Noun (특히 제복의 일부로 몸에 두르는) 띠 2.내리닫이창(창문 한 짝)


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