1st Corinthians (NIV)


1st Letter to the Corinthians (NIV)

(Chapter 1)

1:6 because our testimony about Christ was confirmed in you.
confirm 1.동사 (특히 증거를 들어) 사실임을 보여주다[확인해 주다] 2.(무엇에 대한 느낌이나 믿음을) 더 확실히 갖게 하다[더 분명히 해 주다] 3.(지위·합의 등을) 확정하다[공식화하다]

1:19 For it is written: “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise; the intelligence of the intelligent I will frustrate.”
frustrate 동사 좌절감을 주다, 불만스럽게 만들다 2. 방해하다, 좌절시키다 (=thwart)

1:26 Brothers, think of what you were when you were called. Not many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many were of noble birth.
influential 형용사 영향력 있는, 영향력이 큰

1:28 He chose the lowly things of this world and the despised things–and the things that are not–to nullify the things that are,
nullify 1.동사 (합의·명령 등을) 무효화하다 (=invalidate) 2.효력 없게[무가치하게/무효로] 만들다 (=negate)


(Chapter 2)

2:1 When I came to you, brothers, I did not come with eloquence or superior wisdom as I proclaimed to you the testimony about God.
eloquence 1. 명사 웅변, 능변; 이성(理性)에 호소하는 힘, 감동시키는 힘 2.웅변법, 수사법(rhetoric) 3.유창한 이야기[화술], 설득력


(Chapter 3)

3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness in God’s sight. As it is written: “He catches the wise in their craftiness”;
craftiness 명사 간사함 , 교활함

3:20 and again, “The Lord knows that the thoughts of the wise are futile.”
futile 형용사 헛된, 소용없는 (=pointless)


(Chapter 4)

4:9 For it seems to me that God has put us apostles on display at the end of the procession, like men condemned to die in the arena. We have been made a spectacle to the whole universe, to angels as well as to men.
procession 명사 (특히 의식의 일부로 하는) 행진, 행렬 2.(차례로 나타나는 사람들의) 줄[행렬]
spectacle 명사 (굉장한) 구경거리[행사], 장관, (굉장히 인상적인) 광경

4:13 when we are slandered, we answer kindly. Up to this moment we have become the scum of the earth, the refuse of the world.
slander 1.명사 모략, 중상, 비방; (말로 하는) 명예 훼손죄 (→libel) 2. 동사 중상모략[비방]하다 (→libel)
scum 1.명사 (액체 표면에 더러운 성분이 모인) 거품 2. 인간쓰레기, 쓰레기 같은 인간
refuse 명사 쓰레기 (=rubbish/garbage)

4:15 Even though you have ten thousand guardians in Christ, you do not have many fathers, for in Christ Jesus I became your father through the gospel.
guardian 1. 명사 수호자 (=custodian) 2. (특히 부모가 사망한 아동의) 후견인


(Chapter 5)

5:6 Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast works through the whole batch of dough?
dough 1.명사 밀가루 반죽 2.명사 구식, 속어 돈

5:8 Therefore let us keep the Festival, not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with bread without yeast, the bread of sincerity and truth.
malice 명사 악의, 적의

5:10 not at all meaning the people of this world who are immoral, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters. In that case you would have to leave this world.
swindler 명사 사기꾼, 협잡꾼
idolater 1.명사 우상 숭배자, 이교도 2.(맹목적인) 숭배자, 심취자

5:11 But now I am writing you that you must not associate with anyone who calls himself a brother but is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or a slanderer, a drunkard or a swindler. With such a man do not even eat.
slander 1.명사 모략, 중상, 비방; (말로 하는) 명예 훼손죄 (→libel) 2.동사 중상모략[비방]하다 (→libel)
drunkard 명사 구식 술고래 (=alcoholic)


(Chapter 6)

6:1 If any of you has a dispute with another, dare he take it before the ungodly for judgment instead of before the saints?
dispute 1.명사 분쟁, 분규; 논란, 논쟁 2.동사 반박하다, 이의를 제기하다

6:2 Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if you are to judge the world, are you not competent to judge trivial cases?
competent 1.형용사 능숙한 (↔incompetent) 2.(수준이) 만족할 만한[괜찮은] 3.권한[결정권]이 있는

6:4 Therefore, if you have disputes about such matters, appoint as judges even men of little account in the church!
of no[little] account 중요하지 않은, 하찮은

6:7 The very fact that you have lawsuits among you means you have been completely defeated already. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be cheated?
defeat 1.동사 (전쟁시합대회 등에서 상대를) 패배시키다[물리치다/이기다] (=beat) 2.동사 격식 (…에게) 이해가 안 되다
3. 명사 패배

6:9 Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor homosexual offenders
offender 1.명사 범죄자 (→first offender, sex offender) 2.나쁜 짓을 하는 사람[것]

6:10 nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.
slander 1.명사 모략, 중상, 비방; (말로 하는) 명예 훼손죄 (→libel) 2.동사 중상모략[비방]하다 (→libel)
swindle 1.동사 사취하다, 사기치다 2.명사 사취, 사기 (=con)


(Chapter 7)

7:6 I say this as a concession, not as a command.
concession 1.명사 (언쟁을 끝내거나 상황을 개선하기 위한) 양보[양해] (→concede) 2.인정

7:25 Now about virgins: I have no command from the Lord, but I give a judgment as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy.
trustworthy 형용사 신뢰할[믿을] 수 있는 (=reliable)

7:31 those who use the things of the world, as if not engrossed in them. For this world in its present form is passing away.
engross 동사 몰두하게 만들다

7:37 But the man who has settled the matter in his own mind, who is under no compulsion but has control over his own will, and who has made up his mind not to marry the virgin–this man also does the right thing.
compulsion 1.명사 강요 2.(특히 나쁘거나 위험하거나 어리석은 짓을 하고 싶은) 충동 (=urge) (→compel)


(Chapter 8)

8:1 Now about food sacrificed to idols: We know that we all possess knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love builds up.
puff 1.동사 (담배파이프 등을) 뻐끔뻐끔 피우다[빨다] 2.(많은 양의 연기김을[이]) 내뿜다[뿜어져 나오다] 3.명사 (담배파이프 등을 뻐끔뻐끔) 피우기[빨기]
puff up 부어오르다, 푸푸 하다, 자랑하다

8:7 But not everyone knows this. Some people are still so accustomed to idols that when they eat such food they think of it as having been sacrificed to an idol, and since their conscience is weak, it is defiled.
defile 동사 (신성하거나 중요한 것을) 더럽히다

8:10 For if anyone with a weak conscience sees you who have this knowledge eating in an idol’s temple, won’t he be emboldened to eat what has been sacrificed to idols?
embolden 1.동사 대담하게 만들다 2.(글자를) 볼드체로 인쇄하다


(Chapter 9)

9:9 For it is written in the Law of Moses: “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.” Is it about oxen that God is concerned?
muzzle 1.명사 (동물, 특히 개와 말의) 코와 주둥이 부분 (→snout) 2.(특히 사람을 물지 못하도록 개 입에 씌우는) 입마개 3.동사 (개에게) 입마개를 씌우다
tread 1.동사 특히英 (발을) 디디다, 밟다 2.밟아서 뭉개다[으깨다] (=trample) 3.명사 걸음걸이, 발소리

9:16 Yet when I preach the gospel, I cannot boast, for I am compelled to preach. Woe to me if I do ot preach the gospel!
compel 1.동사 강요[강제]하다, (필요에 따라) 하게 만들다 2.(어떤 반응을) 자아내다[불러오다](→compulsion)

9:17 If I preach voluntarily, I have a reward; if not voluntarily, I am simply discharging the trust committed to me.
discharge 1.동사 (어떤 장소나 직무에서) 떠나는 것을 허락하다, 해고하다 2.석방[방면]하다 3.명사 방출, 배출; 배출물, 분비물


(Chapter 10)

10:7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written: “The people sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in pagan revelry.”
revelry 명사 흥청대며 먹고 마시는 파티, 흥청대며 놀기 (=festivity, merrymaking)

10:30 If I take part in the meal with thankfulness, why am I denounced because of something I thank God for?
denounce 1.동사 맹렬히 비난하다 2.(불법적인 정치 활동에 대해) 고발하다 (→denunciation)


(Chapter 11)

11:6 If a woman does not cover her head, she should have her hair cut off; and if it is a disgrace for a woman to have her hair cut or shaved off, she should cover her head.
disgrace 1.명사 망신, 수치, 불명예 (=shame) 2.망신[수치]스러운 사람[것] 3.동사 (체면에) 먹칠하다

11:16 If anyone wants to be contentious about this, we have no other practice–nor do the churches of God.
contentious 1.형용사 논쟁을 초래할 (듯한), (↔uncontentious) 2.논쟁을 좋아하는, 논쟁이 많이 벌어지는

11:17 In the following directives I have no praise for you, for your meetings do more harm than good.
directive 1.명사 (공식적인) 지시[명령] 2.형용사 격식 지시[지휘]하는

11:18 In the first place, I hear that when you come together as a church, there are divisions among you, and to some extent I believe it.
division 1.명사 분할, 분배 2.나눗셈, 나누기 (→multiplication, long division) 3.(특히 사회·단체 내의) 분열

11:32 When we are judged by the Lord, we are being disciplined so that we will not be condemned with the world.
discipline 1.명사 규율, 훈육 2.단련법, 수련법 3.동사 징계하다


(Chapter 12)

12:2 You know that when you were pagans, somehow or other you were influenced and led astray to mute idols.
somehow or other 어떻게 해서든, 그런대로; 웬일인지
lead astray …을 잘못된 방향으로 이끌다; 미혹시키다, 타락시키다

12:7 Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good.
manifestation 1.명사 (어떤 것이 존재하거나 일어나고 있음을 보여주는) 징후[표명] 2.(유령·영혼의) 나타남[현현(顯顯)]

12:11 All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.
determine 1.동사 알아내다, 밝히다 (=establish) 2.(무엇의 방식·유형을) 결정하다 3.(공식적으로) 확정[결정]하다 [also v wh- ]

12:23 and the parts that we think are less honorable we treat with special honor. And the parts that are unpresentable are treated with special modesty,
modesty 1.명사 겸손 2. 얌전함, 단정함 3.대단하지 않음, 보통 정도임

12:24 while our presentable parts need no special treatment. But God has combined the members of the body and has given greater honor to the parts that lacked it,
presentable 1.형용사 (모습이) 남 앞에 내놓을 만한 2. 받아들여질 만한


(Chapter 13)

13:1 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal.
resound 1.동사 울려 퍼지다 2.(소리가 가득) 울리다[울려 퍼지다]
gong 1.명사 (악기·신호용) 공[징]
clang 동사 (금속이 부딪치며 울리듯) 쨍그랑[땡그랑] 하는 소리를 내다 (=clank)

13:2 If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.
fathom 1.동사 (의미 등을) 헤아리다[가늠하다]

13:7 It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.
persevere 동사 호감 인내하며[굴하지 않고] 계속하다, 인내심을 갖고 하다


(Chapter 14)

14:12 So it is with you. Since you are eager to have spiritual gifts, try to excel in gifts that build up the church.
excel 1.동사 뛰어나다, 탁월하다

14:17 You may be giving thanks well enough, but the other man is not edified.
edify 동사 격식 (의식을) 고양시키다[교화시키다]

14:40 But everything should be done in a fitting and orderly way.
fitting 1.형용사 격식 (어떤 경우에) 어울리는[적합한] (=appropriate) 2.…하게 맞는 3.명사 (장비가구의 작은) 부품


(Chapter 15)

15:24 Then the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power.
dominion 1.명사 지배[통치](권) 2.영토, 영지 3.영연방 자치령 (→colony, protectorate)


(Chapter 16)

16:4 If it seems advisable for me to go also, they will accompany me.
advisable 형용사 권할 만한, 바람직한 (↔inadvisable)

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