Romans (NIV)

   


Letter to the Romans (NIV)

(Chapter 1)

1:11 I long to see you so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to make you strong–
impart 동사 (정보·지식 등을) 전하다 (=convey) 2. (특정한 특성을) 주다 (=lend)

1:21 For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.
futile 형용사 헛된, 소용없는 (=pointless)

1:24 Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another.
degrade 동사 비하[모멸]하다 2.전문 용어 (화학적으로) 분해되다[하다] 3.전문 용어 (특히 질적으로) 저하시키다

1:27 In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed indecent acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion.
indecent 형용사 외설적인 (→decent) 2. 노출이 심한 3.(일에 들이는 시간이) 적절하지[타당하지] 못한
perversion 명사 도착(倒錯)[변태](적인 행동) 2.(시스템·절차 등에 대한) 왜곡, 왜곡한[된] 것

1:28 Furthermore, since they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, he gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what ought not to be done.
depraved 형용사 격식 (도덕적으로) 타락한[부패한] (=wicked, evil)

1:29 They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips,
depravity 명사 타락, 부패 (=wickedness)
strife 명사 (개인·집단 간의) 갈등, 불화, 다툼 (=conflict) 2. 호주,뉴질랜드 영어 (모든 종류의) 문제
malice 명사 악의, 적의

1:30 slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents;
slander 명사 모략, 중상, 비방; (말로 하는) 명예 훼손죄 (→libel) 2. 동사 중상모략[비방]하다 (→libel)
insolent 형용사 버릇없는, 무례한
arrogant 형용사 오만한
boastful 형용사 뽐내는, 자랑하는

1:31 they are senseless, faithless, heartless, ruthless.
heartless 형용사 무정한, 비정한 (=cruel)
ruthless 형용사 못마땅함 무자비한, 가차 없는, 인정사정없는

 

(Chapter 2)

2:4 Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, tolerance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness leads you toward repentance?
contempt 명사 경멸, 멸시 2.(법규·위험 등을) 개의하지 않음, 무시
tolerance 명사 용인, 관용, 아량 (→zero tolerance), (↔intolerance) 2. 내성, 저항력 3.전문 용어 허용 오차, 공차
patience 명사 참을성 2. 인내력, 인내심

2:7 To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor and immortality, he will give eternal life.
persistence 명사 고집 2.(없어지지 않고 오래 동안) 지속됨

2:8 But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger.
self-seeking 형용사 자기 본위의, 이기적인
wrath 명사 (극도의) 분노, 노여움
anger 명사 화, 분노 2. 동사 화나게 하다

2:9 There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile;
trouble 명사 애, 문제, 곤란, 골칫거리 (→teething troubles) 2. 병, 통증 3.동사 괴롭히다, 애 먹이다
distress 명사 (정신적) 고통, 괴로움 2. 고충, 곤경 (=hardship) 3.동사 괴롭히다, 고통스럽게 하다

2:11 For God does not show favoritism.
favoritism 편애, 한쪽만 더 사랑하는 것

2:17 Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and brag about your relationship to God;
brag 동사 (심하게) 자랑하다[떠벌리다] (=boast) 2. 명사 브래그(간단한 포커 게임)

2:20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of infants, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth–
embodiment 명사 (사상·특질을 보여주는) 전형[화신] (=epitome)

2:22 You who say that people should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?
abhor 동사 (특히 도덕적인 이유로) 혐오하다 (=detest, loathe)

 

(Chapter 3)

3:4 Not at all! Let God be true, and every man a liar. As it is written: “So that you may be proved right when you speak and prevail when you judge.”
prevail 동사 만연[팽배]하다 2. 승리하다[이기다] (=triumph) 3.(특히 오랜 투쟁 끝에 적수를) 이기다

3:8 Why not say–as we are being slanderously reported as saying and as some claim that we say–“Let us do evil that good may result”? Their condemnation is deserved.
slanderous 형용사 중상적인, 비방적인, 입이 험한

3:16 ruin and misery mark their ways,
misery 명사 (정신적·육체적으로 심한) 고통 (=distress) 2. 빈곤 (=poverty) 3. 고통(을 안겨 주는 것)

3:19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God.
accountable 형용사 (해명할) 책임이 있는

3:25 God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished–
atonement 명사 보상, 속죄, 죗값 2. [the A~] 그리스도의 속죄
forbearance 명사 (특히 잘못한 사람에 대한) 관용[관대]

3:31 Do we, then, nullify the law by this faith? Not at all! Rather, we uphold the law.
uphold 동사 (법·원칙 등을) 유지시키다[옹호하다] 2.(이전의 판결을) 확인하다, (요구 사항의 타당성을) 인정하다

 

(Chapter 4)

4:4 Now when a man works, his wages are not credited to him as a gift, but as an obligation.
be credited for (공로를) 인정받다
obligation 명사 (법적·도의적) 의무(가 있음) 2. 의무(마땅히 해야 할 일), (=commitment)

4:7 “Blessed are they whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered.
transgression 명사 위반, 범죄; (종교·도덕적) 죄 2.지리 해진(海進), 해침(海浸) 3.관습에 대한 도전

4:20 Yet he did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God,
waver 동사 약하다, 약해지다, (불안정하게) 흔들리다[떨리다] 2. 결정[선택]을 못 하다, 망설이다 (=hesitate) 3. (불안하게) 흔들리다

4:22 This is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.”
“그에게 의롭다고 여겨졌느니라“ 얼마나 아름다운 표현(번역)인가?

 

(Chapter 5)

1-11 한글 성경이 훨씬 더 아름답게 의미가 통하게 번역이 되어있다.

5:13 for before the law was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into account when there is no law.
taken into account …을 고려하다, 참작하다, 계산에 넣다, 그 점을 안중에 두다

5:15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!
trespass 동사 무단 침입[출입]하다 2. 옛글투 잘못하다 3. (남의 사유지에 대한) 무단출입[침입]

5:16 Again, the gift of God is not like the result of the one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.
(NIV 번역이 이해가 더 좋다)

5:17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ.
provision 명사 공급, 제공 2. 대비, 준비 3. 동사 (특히 특정 기간 동안 필요한 식량을) 공급하다

 

(Chapter 6)

6:17 But thanks be to God that, though you used to be slaves to sin, you wholeheartedly obeyed the form of teaching to which you were entrusted.
entrust 동사 (일을) 맡기다
allegiance 명사 (정당·종교·통치자 등에 대한) 충성

 

(Chapter 7)

7:3 So then, if she marries another man while her husband is still alive, she is called an adulteress. But if her husband dies, she is released from that law and is not an adulteress, even though she marries another man.
adulteress 명사 격식 간통을 범한 여자

7:5 For when we were controlled by the sinful nature, the sinful passions aroused by the law were at work in our bodies, so that we bore fruit for death.
arouse 동사 (느낌·태도를) 불러일으키다[자아내다] 2. (성욕을) 자극하다 (=excite) 3.분발하게 하다, 각성시키다

7:7 What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, “Do not covet.”
covet 동사 (특히 남의 물건을) 탐내다, 갈망하다

7:23 but I see another law at work in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within my members.
wage 명사 (보통 주 단위로 받는) 임금[급료] (→living wage, minimum wage, salary) 2. 동사 (전쟁전투 등을) 벌이다[계속하다]

7:24 What a wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from this body of death?
wretched 형용사 몸[기분]이 안 좋은, 비참한 2.형용사 격식 끔찍한, 형편없는 (=awful) 3.형용사 격식 가련한, 불쌍한 (=pitiful)

 

(Chapter 8)

8:13 For if you live according to the sinful nature, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live,
misdeed 명사 비행, 악행 (=wrongdoing)

8:15 For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.”
sonship 명사 자식임, 자식의 신분[관계]

8:20 For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope
frustration 명사 불만, 좌절감 2. 불만스러운 점, 좌절감을 주는 것 3.명사 ~을 방해함[좌절시킴]

8:23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.
redemption 명사 격식 구원, 구함 2.금융 (주식) 상환(相換)[현금화]

8:26 In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express.
intercede 동사 (~을 위해) (~에게) 탄원하다[선처를 호소하다/중재에 나서다] (=intervene)

8:29 For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.
conform 동사 집단의 다른 구성원들과 행동[생각]을 같이 하다, (관습 등에) 따르다[순응하다] 2.(규칙·법 등에) 따르다[맞다] (=comply) 3. ~에 일치하다

8:35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall trouble or hardship or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword?
hardship 명사 (돈·식품 등의 부족에서 오는) 어려움[곤란]

 

(Chapter 9)

9:7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”
reckon 동사 특히 英 (…라고) 생각하다 2.(일반적으로) 여겨지다 3.英, 비격식 예상하다

9:32 Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the “stumbling stone.”
stumble 동사 발이 걸리다, 발을 헛디디다 (=trip) 2. 비틀[휘청]거리다 3.(말·글 읽기·연주를 하다가) 더듬거리다[실수하다]

 

(Chapter 10)

10:21 But concerning Israel he says, “All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and obstinate people.”
obstinate 형용사 흔히 못마땅함 고집 센, 완강한 (=stubborn) 2. 없애기[처리하기] 힘든, 난감한 (=stubborn)

 

(Chapter 11)

11:8 as it is written: “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes so that they could not see and ears so that they could not hear, to this very day.”
stupor 형용사 (행동·판단 등이) 어리석은 (=foolish, silly) 2. 못마땅함 (우)둔한, 멍청한, 바보 같은 3. 명사 바보(보통 농담조로 상대방을 부르는 말)

11:9 And David says: “May their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them.
retribution 명사 (강력한) 응징[징벌]

11:11 Again I ask: Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious.
transgression 명사 위반, 범죄; (종교·도덕적) 죄 2. 지리 해진(海進), 해침(海浸) 3. 관습에 대한 도전

11:13 I am talking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, I make much of my ministry
Inasmuch as 접속사 …이므로, …인 한; …인 점을 고려하면
make much of ~ …을 중시하다.

11:16 If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.
batch 명사 (일괄적으로 처리되는) 집단[무리] 2. 한 회분(한 번에 만들어 내는 음식기계 등의 양) 3. 동사 (일괄 처리를 위해) 함께 묶다]

11:17 If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root,
shoot 동사 (총 등을) 쏘다 2. 총을 쏘아 죽이다[다치게 하다] 3. 명사 (새로 돋아난) 순[싹]
graft 명사 접목, 접붙이기; 접목한 나뭇가지 2. (피부뼈 등의) 이식, 이식한 피부[뼈 등] 3. 동사 (피부뼈 등을) 이식하다
sap 명사 수액(樹液) 2. 특히 美 얼간이, 멍청이 3.동사 약화시키다, 차츰 무너뜨리다

11:22 Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off.
sternness 명사 엄격함, 준엄함.

11:25 I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in.
conceited 형용사 못마땅함 자만하는

11:29 for God’s gifts and his call are irrevocable.
irrevocable 형용사 격식 변경할 수 없는 (=final)

 

(Chapter 12)

12:2 Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is–his good, pleasing and perfect will.
conform 동사 집단의 다른 구성원들과 행동[생각]을 같이 하다, (관습 등에) 따르다[순응하다] 2.(규칙·법 등에) 따르다[맞다] (=comply) 3. ~에 일치하다

12:3 For by the grace given me I say to every one of you: Do not think of yourself more highly than you ought, but rather think of yourself with sober judgment, in accordance with the measure of faith God has given you.
sober 형용사 술 취하지 않은 2. 냉철한, 진지한 3. 동사 정신이 들게[냉정해지게] 만들다, 냉정[진지]해지다

12:12 Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer.
affliction 명사 고통, 고통의 원인

12:16 Live in harmony with one another. Do not be proud, but be willing to associate with people of low position. Do not be conceited.
conceited 형용사 못마땅함 자만하는

 

(Chapter 13)

13:3 For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and he will commend you.
commend 동사 (특히 공개적으로) 칭찬하다 2. 추천하다, 권하다 3. 인정[호감]을 받다

13:7 Give everyone what you owe him: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.
revenue 명사 (정부·기관의) 수익[수입/세입] (=receipts) (→the Inland Revenue)

13:11 And do this, understanding the present time. The hour has come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed.
slumber 명사 잠, 수면 2. 동사 문예체 잠을 자다

13:12 The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light.
put aside 동사 to move (an object, etc) to one side, esp in rejection 2. to store up, save 3. to ignore or disregard

13:13 Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy.
decently 1.형용사 (수준·질이) 괜찮은[제대로 된] 2. 품위 있는, 예의 바른 3.(상황에) 적절한[온당한]
orgie 명사 진탕 먹고 마시며 난잡하게 노는 잔치, 주지육림 2. 명사 못마땅함 미친 듯이[엄청나게] …을 해댐
debauchery 명사 방탕
dissension 명사 알력, 불화

13:14 Rather, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ, and do not think about how to gratify the desires of the sinful nature.
gratify 동사 격식 기쁘게[흐뭇하게] 하다 2.동사 (욕구 등을) 충족[만족]시키다

 

(Chapter 14)

14:1 Accept him whose faith is weak, without passing judgment on disputable matters.
disputable 형용사 반론[논란]의 여지가 있는 (→indisputable)

14:3 The man who eats everything must not look down on him who does not, and the man who does not eat everything must not condemn the man who does, for God has accepted him.
contempt 명사 경멸, 멸시 2. (법규·위험 등을) 개의하지 않음, 무시 (New NIV)

14:6 He who regards one day as special, does so to the Lord. He who eats meat, eats to the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who abstains, does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God.
abstains 동사 (투표에서) 기권하다 2.(특히 자기가 좋아하는 것을 건강·도덕상의 이유로) 자제하다[삼가다]

14:12 So then, each of us will give an account of himself to God.
give an account of …에 대한 이야기[보고]를 하다, 설명[해명]하다.

14:15 If your brother is distressed because of what you eat, you are no longer acting in love. Do not by your eating destroy your brother for whom Christ died.
distressed 형용사 (심리적으로) 괴로워[고통스러워] 하는 2.(신체적으로) 아파[고통스러워] 하는, 허약한 3.오래된[낡은] 것처럼 만든

14:19 Let us therefore make every effort to do what leads to peace and to mutual edification.
edification 명사 교화, 의식 고양, 함양

 

(Chapter 15)

15:1 We who are strong ought to bear with the failings of the weak and not to please ourselves.
failing 1.명사 결점, 결함 2. 전치사 …이 안 되면[가능하지 않으면]

15:14 I myself am convinced, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, complete in knowledge and competent to instruct one another.
competent 형용사 능숙한 (↔incompetent) 2.(수준이) 만족할 만한[괜찮은] 3. 권한[결정권]이 있는

 

(Chapter 16)

16:7 Greet Andronicus and Junias, my relatives who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was.
outstanding 형용사 뛰어난, 걸출한 2. 두드러진, 중요한 (=prominent) 3. 아직 처리되지 않은, 미지불된, 미해결된

16:17 I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them.
division 1.명사 분할, 분배 2. 나눗셈, 나누기 (→multiplication, long division) 3.(특히 사회·단체 내의) 분열
contrary 형용사 ~와는 다른[반대되는] 2.(성질방향이) 정반대되는 (=opposite) 3.명사 반대되는 것

16:18 For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naive people.
flattery 명사 아첨
naive 형용사 못마땅함 (경험·지식 부족 등으로) 순진해 빠진, (모자랄 정도로) 순진한 2. 순진무구한 (→sophisticated), (=artless) 3. 천진난만한 스타일의

16:19 Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I am full of joy over you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil.
innocent 형용사 아무 잘못[죄]이 없는, 무죄인, 결백한 (↔guilty) 2. 무고한(범죄전쟁 등에 직접 관계가 없으면서 희생을 당한 경우를 가리킴) 3. 명사 순결한 사람(특히 어린 아이)

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