James (NIV)


The Letter of James (NIV)

(Chapter 1)

1:11 For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its blossom falls and its beauty is destroyed. In the same way, the rich man will fade away even while he goes about his business.
scorch 1.Verb (불에) 그슬다[눋게 하다] 2.(특히 햇살이나 화학물질 때문에) 누렇게 마르다[시들다], 누렇게 마르게[시들게] 하다 3.英, 전속력으로 달리다
go about something 계속 ~을 (바삐) 하다, ~을 시작하다 (=tackle)

1:14 but each one is tempted when, by his own evil desire, he is dragged away and enticed.
entice Verb (보통 무엇을 제공하며) 유도[유인]하다 (=persuade)

1:15 Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.
conceive 1.Verb 격식 (생각·계획 등을) 마음속으로 하다[품다], 상상하다 2.(아이를) 가지다[임신하다] (→conception)

1:21 Therefore, get rid of all moral filth and the evil that is so prevalent and humbly accept the word planted in you, which can save you.
filth 1.Noun 오물, (아주 더러운) 쓰레기 2.(섹스와 관련된)쓰레기 같은[아주 추잡한] 것(말·잡지 등) 3.英속어<‘경찰’을 가리키는 비어>
prevalent Adj (특정 시기·장소에) 일반적인[널리 퍼져 있는] (=common, widespread)

1:26 If anyone considers himself religious and yet does not keep a tight rein on his tongue, he deceives himself and his religion is worthless.
rein 1.Noun 고삐 2.英 아동 보호용 가죽끈(어린 아이와 함께 길을 걷거나 할 때 아이가 멀리 가지 못하도록 몸에 둘러 그 한쪽 … 3.(통솔지휘의) 고삐, 통솔권, 통제력

1:27 Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.
distress 1.Noun (정신적) 고통, 괴로움 2.고충, 곤경 (=hardship) 3.Verb 괴롭히다, 고통스럽게 하다
pollute Verb 오염시키다


(Chapter 2)

2:1 My brothers, as believers in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ, don’t show favoritism.
favouritism Noun 못마땅함 편파, 편애, 차별

2:2 Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in shabby clothes also comes in.
shabby 1.Adj 다 낡은[해진], 허름한 (=scruffy) 2.추레한, 누더기를 걸친 (=scruffy) 3.부당한, 터무니없는 (=shoddy)

2:6 But you have insulted the poor. Is it not the rich who are exploiting you? Are they not the ones who are dragging you into court?
exploit 1.Verb (부당하게) 이용하다 2.착취하다, 등쳐먹다. 3.Noun 위업, 공적

2:19 You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that–and shudder.
shudder 1.Verb (공포추위 등으로) 몸을 떨다, 몸서리치다, 전율하다 2.마구 흔들리다 3.Noun (공포추위 등으로) 몸이 떨림, 전율, 몸서리


(Chapter 3)

3:2 We all stumble in many ways. If anyone is never at fault in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to keep his whole body in check.
hold/keep something in check ~을 저지[억제]하다

3:3 When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can turn the whole animal.
bit 1.Noun 기계 비트 ((드릴용의 날)) 2.재갈 3.Transitive verb <말에> 재갈을 물리다, 재갈에 익게 하다

3:4 Or take ships as an example. Although they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are steered by a very small rudder wherever the pilot wants to go.
rudder Noun (배의) 키, (항공기의) 방향타

3:14 But if you harbor bitter envy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast about it or deny the truth.
harbor 1.Noun 항구(port), 항만 2.피난처, 은신처, 잠복처(refuge) 3.Transitive verb <죄인 등을> 숨겨 주다

3:16 For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice.
disorder 1.Noun 엉망, 어수선함(↔order) 2.(많은 사람들에 의한) 난동[무질서] (→order ) 3.(신체 기능의) 장애[이상]

3:17 But the wisdom that comes from heaven is first of all pure; then peace-loving, considerate, submissive, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial and sincere.
submissive Adj 순종적인, 고분고분한 (↔assertive)
impartial Adj 공정한 (↔partial), (=neutral, unbiased)


(Chapter 4)

4:2 You want something but don’t get it. You kill and covet, but you cannot have what you want. You quarrel and fight. You do not have, because you do not ask God.
covet Verb 격식 (특히 남의 물건을) 탐내다, 갈망하다

4:9 Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom.
gloom 1.Noun 우울, 침울 (=depression) 2.문예체 어둠

4:16 As it is, you boast and brag. All such boasting is evil.
brag 1.Verb (심하게) 자랑하다[떠벌리다] (=boast) 2.브래그(간단한 포커 게임)


(Chapter 5)

5:1 Now listen, you rich people, weep and wail because of the misery that is coming upon you.
misery 1.Noun (정신적·육체적으로 심한) 고통 (=distress) 2.빈곤 (=poverty) 3.고통(을 안겨 주는 것)

5:3 Your gold and silver are corroded. Their corrosion will testify against you and eat your flesh like fire. You have hoarded wealth in the last days.
corrode Verb 부식시키다, 좀먹다, 녹슬다
corrosion 1. Noun 부식 (작용), 용식(溶蝕) 2.부식으로 생긴 것 ((녹 따위)) 3.<근심이> 마음을 좀먹기
hoard 1.Noun 비축[저장]물(특히 비밀 장소에 모아 놓은 많은 돈식품귀중품 등) 2.Verb (특히 비밀리에 많은 돈식품귀중품 등을) 비축[저장]하다

5:9 Don’t grumble against each other, brothers, or you will be judged. The Judge is standing at the door!
grumble 1.Verb 투덜[툴툴]거리다 2.우르릉거리다 (=rumble) 3.Noun 불만[불평] 사항


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