Exodus (1-20) (NIV)


Exodus (NIV)
Chapter 1-20


(Chapter 1)

1:10 Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country.”
shrewd 1.Adj 상황 판단이 빠른 (=astute) 2.기민한, (판단이) 재빠른

1:11 So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh.
oppress 1.Verb 탄압[억압]하다 2.압박감을 주다, 우울하게 만들다 (=weigh down)

1:13 and worked them ruthlessly.
ruthless Adj 무자비한, 가차 없는, 인정사정없는

1:16 “When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live.”
delivery 1.Noun (물품·편지 등의) 배달[인도/전달] 2.출산, 분만 3.(연설·공연 등의) 전달[발표] (태도)
stool 1.Noun (등받이와 팔걸이가 없는) 의자, 스툴 2.대변(大便)

(Chapter 2)

2:16 Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father’s flock.

trough 1.Noun 구유, 여물통 2.(have one’s nose in the trough의 형태로) 돈을 많이 차지하려고 들다 3.기압골 (→ridge)

2:23 During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God.
groan 1.Verb (고통·짜증으로) 신음[끙 하는] 소리를 내다, (기뻐서) 낮게 탄성을 지르다 (=moan) 2.신음 소리 같은 소리를 내다 (=moan) 3.Noun 신음, 끙 하는 소리 (=moan)

(Chapter 3)

3:19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him.
compel 1.Verb 강요[강제]하다, (필요에 따라) …하게 만들다 2.(어떤 반응을) 자아내다[불러오다] (→compulsion)

3:21 “And I will make the Egyptians favorably disposed toward this people, so that when you leave you will not go empty-handed.
disposed 1.Adj (~할) 마음이 있는 2.~을 (좋게·나쁘게) 생각하는 (→ill-disposed, well disposed)
dispose 1.Verb (특정한 방식·위치에 물건이나 사람을) 배치하다 2.~에게 ~의 경향을 갖게 하다

3:22 Every woman is to ask her neighbor and any woman living in her house for articles of silver and gold and for clothing, which you will put on your sons and daughters. And so you will plunder the Egyptians.”
plunder 1.Verb (특히 전시에 어떤 장소를) 약탈[강탈]하다 (→pillage), (=loot) 2.Noun 약탈, 강탈

(Chapter 4)

4:10 Moses said to the LORD, “O Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither in the past nor since you have spoken to your servant. I am slow of speech and tongue.”
eloquent 1.Adj웅변[연설]을 잘 하는, 유창한 2.감정을 드러내는, 무언의 웅변을 하는

4:25 But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off her son’s foreskin and touched Moses’ feet with it. “Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me,” she said.
foreskin Noun (음경의) 포피

4:31 and they believed. And when they heard that the LORD was concerned about them and had seen their misery, they bowed down and worshiped.
concern 1.Verb (사람에게) 영향을 미치다[관련되다] 2.(무엇에) 관한[관련된] 것이다 3.(특히 많은 사람들이 공유하는) 우려[걱정] (→unconcern)

(Chapter 5)

5:3 Then they said, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Now let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God, or he may strike us with plagues or with the sword.”
plague 1.Noun (=bubonic plague) 2.전염병(=epidemic) 3.Verb (한동안 고통문제로) 괴롭히다 (=trouble)

5:6 That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the slave drivers and foremen in charge of the people:
foreman 1.Noun (공장·건설 현장의) 감독 2.배심장, 배심원 대표

5:8 But require them to make the same number of bricks as before; don’t reduce the quota. They are lazy; that is why they are crying out, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to our God.’
quota 1.Noun (수출입 등에 공식적으로 허용되는) 한도[할당](량) 2.(요구되거나 해야 할) 몫[할당량] 3.(선출되기 위해 필요한) 최소 득표수

5:12 So the people scattered all over Egypt to gather stubble to use for straw.
stubble 1.Noun 그루터기 2.(최근에 면도를 하지 않아서) 까칠하게 자란 수염

5:21 and they said, “May the LORD look upon you and judge you! You have made us a stench to Pharaoh and his officials and have put a sword in their hand to kill us.”
stench Noun 악취 (=reek)

(Chapter 6)

6:8 And I will bring you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob. I will give it to you as a possession. I am the LORD.'”
uplifted 1.Adj희망에 찬, 행복해 하는 2.위로 올려진

6:12 But Moses said to the LORD, “If the Israelites will not listen to me, why would Pharaoh listen to me, since I speak with faltering lips?”
falter 1.Verb 불안정해지다, 흔들리다 (=waver) 2.(자신이 없어 목소리가) 흔들리다[더듬거리다] 3.(자신감 부족으로 걸음이나 행동이) 흔들리다[머뭇거리다]

(Chapter 7)

7:4 he will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and with mighty acts of judgment I will bring out my divisions, my people the Israelites.
division (군사용어) 사단; 분열, 분할 ; 나눗셈

7:14 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is unyielding; he refuses to let the people go.
unyielding 1.Adj고집이 센 (=inflexible) 2.(물질·사물이) 유연성[탄력]이 없는

7:18 The fish in the Nile will die, and the river will stink; the Egyptians will not be able to drink its water.'”
stink 1.Verb (고약한) 냄새가 나다, 악취가 풍기다 (=reek) 2.구린내가 나다, 수상쩍다 3.Noun 악취 (=reek)

(Chapter 8)

8:2 If you refuse to let them go, I will plague your whole country with frogs.
plague 1.Noun (=bubonic plague) 2.전염병 (=epidemic) 3.Verb (한동안 고통문제로) 괴롭히다 (=trouble)

8:3 The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people, and into your ovens and kneading troughs.
teem Verb (세차게) 쏟아지다 (=pour)
knead 1.Verb (반죽·찰흙 등을) 이기다[치대다] 2.(근육을 마사지하듯) 주무르다
trough 1.Noun 구유, 여물통 2.(have one’s nose in the trough의 형태로) 돈을 많이 차지하려고 들다 3.기압골 (→ridge)

8:14 They were piled into heaps, and the land reeked of them.
reek 1.Verb 지독한 악취를 풍기다 2.(의심스러운) 냄새[기미]가 강하게 나다 3.Noun 지독한 악취 (=stench)

8:16 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the ground,’ and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats.”
gnat Noun 각다귀

8:21 If you do not let my people go, I will send swarms of flies on you and your officials, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground where they are.
swarm 1.Noun (한 방향으로 이동하는 곤충의) 떼[무리], 벌 떼 2.(특히 같은 방향으로 급히 이동 중인) 군중[대중] (=horde) 3.Verb 떼[무리]를 지어 다니다

8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be right. The sacrifices we offer the LORD our God would be detestable to the Egyptians. And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in their eyes, will they not stone us?
detestable Adj 혐오[가증]스러운

8:29 Moses answered, “As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the LORD, and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. Only be sure that Pharaoh does not act deceitfully again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD.”
deceitfully Adv 속여서, 속이려고
deceitful Adj 기만적인, 부정직한 (=dishonest)

(Chapter 9)

9:8 Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh.
soot Noun 그을음, 검댕 (→sooty)

9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, and festering boils will break out on men and animals throughout the land.”
fester 1.Verb 곪다 2.곪아터지다, 훨씬 심해지다
boil Noun 종기(腫氣), 부스럼(furuncle)

9:31 (The flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom.
flax 1.Noun 아마(亞麻) 2.아마 섬유
barley Noun 보리

9:32 The wheat and spelt, however, were not destroyed, because they ripen later.)
spelt Noun 식물 스펠트밀 ((가축 사료))

(Chapter 10)

10:7 Pharaoh’s officials said to him, “How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the people go, so that they may worship the LORD their God. Do you not yet realize that Egypt is ruined?”
snare 1.Noun (사냥용) 덫[올가미] (=trap) 2.(비유적으로) 덫, (위험한) 유혹 3.Verb (특히 짐승을) 덫[올가미]으로 잡다 (=trap)

10:26 Our livestock too must go with us; not a hoof is to be left behind. We have to use some of them in worshiping the LORD our God, and until we get there we will not know what we are to use to worship the LORD.”
hoof 1.Noun (말 등의) 발굽 2.Verb 비격식 (공을 세게길게) 뻥 차다

(Chapter 11)

11:3 (The LORD made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and Moses himself was highly regarded in Egypt by Pharaoh’s officials and by the people.)
disposed 1.Adj(~할) 마음이 있는 2.Adj~을 (좋게·나쁘게) 생각하는 (→ill-disposed, well disposed)

(Chapter 12)

12:11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’S Passover.
tuck 1.Verb (끝부분을 단정하게) 밀어넣다[접다] 2.(작은 공간에) 집어[끼워] 넣다 3.Noun (접어서 기운) 주름[단]

12:14 “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD–a lasting ordinance.
commemorate Verb (중요 인물·사건을) 기념하다
ordinance Noun 격식 법령, 조례

12:22 Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. Not one of you shall go out the door of his house until morning.
bunch 1.Noun 다발, 송이, 묶음 2.美 (양,수가) 많음 3.Verb 단단해지다[단단하게 만들다], 단단히 접히다[접히게 만들다]
basin 1.Noun 英 (=washbasin) 2.양푼(같이 생긴 그릇), 대야 3.(큰 강의) 유역

12:38 Many other people went up with them, as well as large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.
drove Noun (흔히 떼를 지어 움직이는 사람·동물의) 무리 (→drive v.)

12:42 Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.
vigil Noun (밤샘) 간호, (철야) 기도[농성 등]

(Chapter 13)

13:3 Then Moses said to the people, “Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, because the LORD brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothing containing yeast.
commemorate Verb (중요 인물·사건을) 기념하다

13:10 You must keep this ordinance at the appointed time year after year.
ordinance Noun 격식 법령, 조례

(Chapter 14)

14:2 “Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea. They are to encamp by the sea, directly opposite Baal Zephon.
encamp Verb 격식 (집단이) 야영하다, 캠프를 만들다

14:3 Pharaoh will think, ‘The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion, hemmed in by the desert.’
hem somebody/something in ~을 (꼼짝 못하게) 둘러싸다 (=hedge sb/sth in)
hem 1.Noun (옷 등의) 단 2.Verb 단을 만들다[올리다]

(Chapter 15)

15:1 Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song to the LORD: “I will sing to the LORD, for he is highly exalted. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea.
exalt 1.Verb (때로는 자격이 없는 사람을) 승격[격상]시키다 2.(대단히) 칭찬[칭송]하다
hurl 1.Verb (거칠게) 던지다 2.(~에게) 욕, 비난, 모욕 등을 퍼붓다 3.美, 속어 토하다, 게우다

15:6 “Your right hand, O LORD, was majestic in power. Your right hand, O LORD, shattered the enemy.
majestic Adj 장엄한, 위풍당당한 (=awe-inspiring, splendid)
shatter 1.Verb 산산이 부서지다, 산산조각 나다; 산산이 부수다. 산산조각 내다 2.(특히 희망·신념 등을[이]) 산산조각 내다[산산조각 나다] 3.엄청난 충격을 주다

15:7 In the greatness of your majesty you threw down those who opposed you. You unleashed your burning anger; it consumed them like stubble.
stubble 1.Noun 그루터기 2.(최근에 면도를 하지 않아서) 까칠하게 자란 수염

15:8 By the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up. The surging waters stood firm like a wall; the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.
congeal Verb 엉기다, 굳다

15:9 “The enemy boasted, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake them. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword and my hand will destroy them.’
spoil 1.Verb 망치다, 버려 놓다, 못쓰게 만들다 (=ruin) 2.(아이를) 응석받이로[버릇없게] 키우다 (=overindulge) 3.Noun 격식 또는 문예체 약탈품, 전리품
gorge 1.Noun 협곡 2.Verb 때로 못마땅함 잔뜩[실컷] 먹다 (=stuff yourself)

15:14 The nations will hear and tremble; anguish will grip the people of Philistia.
anguish Noun 격식 (극심한) 괴로움, 비통

15:25 Then Moses cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a piece of wood. He threw it into the water, and the water became sweet. There the LORD made a decree and a law for them, and there he tested them.
decree 1.Noun 법령, 칙령 2.(법원의) 결정[판결] 3.(법령판결 등에 따라) 명하다[결정하다]

(Chapter 16)

16:9 Then Moses told Aaron, “Say to the entire Israelite community, ‘Come before the LORD, for he has heard your grumbling.'”
grumbling 1.Noun 불평 2.(많은 사람들이 중구난방식으로 하는) 항의

16:13 That evening quail came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp.
quail 1.Noun 메추라기, 메추라기 고기 2.Verb 문예체 겁을 먹다

16:14 When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor.
flake 1.Noun (특히 다른 큰 것에서 떨어져 나온 얇은) 조각 (→cornflakes, snowflake, soap flakes) 2.美, 괴짜, 뭘 잘 잊어먹는 사람 3.Verb (얇게 조각조각) 벗겨지다[떨어지다]
frost 1.Noun 서리 2.성에 (→hoar frost) 3.Verb 성에로 뒤덮다, 성에가 끼다

16:20 However, some of them paid no attention to Moses; they kept part of it until morning, but it was full of maggots and began to smell. So Moses was angry with them.
maggot Noun 구더기

16:31 The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.
coriander Noun 고수(미나리과의 식물. 잎과 씨를 양념으로 씀) (→cilantro)
wafer 1.Noun 웨이퍼(얇고 바삭하게 구운 과자. 흔히 아이스크림과 함께 먹음) 2.(가톨릭교에서 성찬식 때 신부가 주는) 제병 3.(아주 얇은) 조각

(Chapter 17)

(Chapter 18)

18:16 Whenever they have a dispute, it is brought to me, and I decide between the parties and inform them of God’s decrees and laws.”
decree 1.Noun 법령, 칙령 2.(법원의) 결정[판결] 3.Verb (법령판결 등에 따라) 명하다[결정하다]

18:23 If you do this and God so commands, you will be able to stand the strain, and all these people will go home satisfied.”
strain 1.Noun 부담, 중압[압박](감) 2.압력, 압박 3.Verb (근육 등을) 혹사하다[무리하게 사용하다], 염좌[좌상]를 입다

(Chapter 19)

19:18 Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, the whole mountain trembled violently,
billow 1.Verb (바람에) 부풀어 오르다 2.(연기구름 등이) 피어오르다 3.Noun 자욱하게 피어오르는 것(연기김 등)

(Chapter 20)

20:23 Do not make any gods to be alongside me; do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gods of gold.
alongside 1.Prep …옆에, 나란히 2. …와 함께, …와 동시에
1.…와 나란히, …의 곁에, …에 접하여 2.…와 함께 3.구어 …와 견주어

20:25 If you make an altar of stones for me, do not build it with dressed stones, for you will defile it if you use a tool on it.
dressed stone 종교 다듬은 돌
defile Verb 격식 또는 문예체 (신성하거나 중요한 것을) 더럽히다

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