1Kings (NIV)

1Kings (NIV)

(Chapter 1)

1:7 Adonijah conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they gave him their support.
confer 1.Verb 상의하다 2.Verb (상·학위·명예·자격을) 수여[부여]하다

1:49 At this, all Adonijah’s guests rose in alarm and dispersed.
disperse 1.Verb (이리저리) 흩어지다, 해산하다; 해산시키다 2.흩어지다[확산되다], 흩다[확산시키다] (=scatter)

(Chapter 2)

(Chapter 3)

3:3 Solomon showed his love for the LORD by walking according to the statutes of his father David, except that he offered sacrifices and burned incense on the high places.
statute 1.Noun 법규, 법령 2.(조직·기관의) 규정, (학교의) 학칙

(Chapter 4)

4:23 ten head of stall-fed cattle, twenty of pasture-fed cattle and a hundred sheep and goats, as well as deer, gazelles, roebucks and choice fowl.
stall 1.Noun (특히 시장의) 가판대, 좌판 (→bookstall), (=stand) 2.(농장 건물 안의) 마구간[외양간] 3.Verb 멎다, (갑자기) 시동이 꺼지다; 멎게 하다, 시동을 꺼트리다

4:29 God gave Solomon wisdom and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand on the seashore.
breadth 1.Noun 폭, 너비 (=width) (→length) 2.(지식·관심 등이) 폭넓음

4:33 He described plant life, from the cedar of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of walls. He also taught about animals and birds, reptiles and fish.
hyssop Noun 히솝풀(박하과의 작은 풀), 우슬초

(Chapter 5)

5:1 When Hiram king of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king to succeed his father David, he sent his envoys to Solomon, because he had always been on friendly terms with David.
envoy Noun 사절, 특사 (=emissary)

5:3 “You know that because of the wars waged against my father David from all sides, he could not build a temple for the Name of the LORD his God until the LORD put his enemies under his feet.
wage: 벌이다 1.(전쟁·말다툼 등을) wage (war) 2.(시작하다) start, begin 3.(잔치·시위 등을) (시위 등을) stage; (잔치 등을) throw, give

5:4 But now the LORD my God has given me rest on every side, and there is no adversary or disaster.
adversary Noun 격식 (언쟁·전투에서) 상대방[적수] (=opponent)

5:6 “So give orders that cedars of Lebanon be cut for me. My men will work with yours, and I will pay you for your men whatever wages you set. You know that we have no one so skilled in felling timber as the Sidonians.”
felling Noun 임학 나무베기(벌목)(伐木)

5:9 My men will haul them down from Lebanon to the sea, and I will float them in rafts by sea to the place you specify. There I will separate them and you can take them away. And you are to grant my wish by providing food for my royal household.”
raft 1.Noun 뗏목 2.래프트(공기를 주입하여 만든 작은 고무·비닐 보트) 3. 많은 수[양]

5:13 King Solomon conscripted laborers from all Israel–thirty thousand men.
conscript 1.Verb 특히 英 징집[징병]하다 (=call up) 2.Noun 英 징집병 (→volunteer)

5:16 as well as thirty-three hundred foremen who supervised the project and directed the workmen.
foreman ( forewoman ) 1.Noun (공장·건설 현장의) 감독 2.배심장, 배심원 대표

5:17 At the king’s command they removed from the quarry large blocks of quality stone to provide a foundation of dressed stone for the temple.
quarry 1.Noun 채석장 (→mine ) 2.사냥감(사냥추적의 대상이 되는 동물사람), (=prey) 3.Verb (채석장에서 돌 등을) 캐내다, 채석하다
dressed stone 종교 다듬은 돌

(Chapter 6)

6:3 The portico at the front of the main hall of the temple extended the width of the temple, that is twenty cubits, and projected ten cubits from the front of the temple.
portico Noun 격식 포르티코(특히 대형 건물 입구에 기둥을 받쳐 만든 현관 지붕)

6:4 He made narrow clerestory windows in the temple.
clerestory window (교회 등) 높은 창.
clerestory Noun 건축 클리어스토리, 고측창(고딕식 교회의 높은 창이 일렬로 달린 부분)

6:6 The lowest floor was five cubits wide, the middle floor six cubits and the third floor seven. He made offset ledges around the outside of the temple so that nothing would be inserted into the temple walls.
offset 1.Verb 상쇄[벌충]하다 2.Adj 오프셋 인쇄의
ledge 1.Noun 절벽에서 (선반처럼) 튀어나온 바위, 튀어나온 턱 2.Noun (특히 창문 아래 벽에 붙인) 선반 (→sill),

6:9 So he built the temple and completed it, roofing it with beams and cedar planks.
beam 1.Noun 빛줄기 2. 기둥 3.Verb 활짝 웃다, 서까래
plank 1.Noun (한 장의) 널빤지[(나무)판자] 2.(조직, 특히 정당 정책의) 주된 항목, 강령

6:18 The inside of the temple was cedar, carved with gourds and open flowers. Everything was cedar; no stone was to be seen.
gourd Noun (식물) 박 (=calabash)

6:31 For the entrance of the inner sanctuary he made doors of olive wood with five-sided jambs.
jamb Noun 문설주, (창문의) 세로 기둥

(Chapter 7)

7:6 He made a colonnade fifty cubits long and thirty wide. In front of it was a portico, and in front of that were pillars and an overhanging roof.
colonnade Noun 콜로네이드(보통 지붕을 떠받치도록 일렬로 세운 돌기둥) 주랑
portico Noun 격식 포르티코(특히 대형 건물 입구에 기둥을 받쳐 만든 현관 지붕)

7:9 All these structures, from the outside to the great courtyard and from foundation to eaves, were made of blocks of high-grade stone cut to size and trimmed with a saw on their inner and  outer faces.
eave Noun (가옥의) 처마, 차양

7:16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubits high.
capital Noun 건축 기둥 머리, 주두(柱頭)

7:17 A network of interwoven chains festooned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital.
festoon 1.Verb (흔히 축제를 위해 꽃색종이 등으로) 장식하다 2.Noun (전구색종이꽃 등으로 된) 장식용 줄

7:25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.
hindquarter Noun (짐승 고기의) 뒤쪽 4분의 1, [pl.] 뒷다리와 궁둥이

7:26 It was a handbreadth in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths.
handbreadth Noun 손의 폭, 손폭 치수, 뼘 (지금은 약 4인치)

7:29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim–and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work.
wreath 1.Noun (애도의 표시로 바치는) 화환 2.(크리스마스 때 문에 장식으로 거는) 화환 3.화관

7:30 Each stand had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side.
axle Noun (바퀴의) 차축
basin 1.Noun 특히 英 (=washbasin) 2.양푼(같이 생긴 그릇), 대야 3.(큰 강의) 유역

7:45 the pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls. All these objects that Huram made for King Solomon for the temple of the LORD were of burnished bronze.
burnished Adjective 닦은 , 윤[광택]이 있는(lustrous).

7:49 the lampstands of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary); the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;
tongs 1.Noun 집게 2.고데기(머리에 컬을 넣는 데 쓰는 인두)

7:50 the pure gold basins, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes and censers; and the gold sockets for the doors of the innermost room, the Most Holy Place, and also for the doors of the main hall of the temple.
censer Noun 향로
socket Noun (다른 부분이 들어갈 수 있도록) 푹 들어간 곳, 구멍

(Chapter 8)

8:30 Hear the supplication of your servant and of your people Israel when they pray toward this place. Hear from heaven, your dwelling place, and when you hear, forgive.
supplication Noun 격식 탄원, 애원

8:35 “When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because your people have sinned against you, and when they pray toward this place and confess your name and turn from their sin because you have afflicted them,
afflict Verb 격식 괴롭히다, 피해를 입히다

8:37 “When famine or plague comes to the land, or blight or mildew, locusts or grasshoppers, or when an enemy besieges them in any of their cities, whatever disaster or disease may come,
blight 1.Verb 망치다, 엉망으로 만들다 2. (곡식의) 병충해
mildew Noun 흰곰팡이

8:38 and when a prayer or plea is made by any of your people Israel–each one aware of the afflictions of his own heart, and spreading out his hands toward this temple–
affliction Noun 격식 고통, 고통의 원인

8:45 then hear from heaven their prayer and their plea, and uphold their cause.
plea 1.Noun 격식 애원, 간청 2.법률 (형사 사건 피고인[측]의) 답변[항변] 3.법률 (법원에 제출하는) 이유[사유서]
uphold 1.Verb (법·원칙 등) 유지시키다[옹호하다] 2.(이전의 판결을) 확인하다, (요구 사항의 타당성을) 인정하다

8:47 and if they have a change of heart in the land where they are held captive, and repent and plead with you in the land of their conquerors and say, ‘We have sinned, we have done wrong, we have acted wickedly’;
plead 1.Verb 애원하다(beg) 2.(형사 사건 피고가 자신이 유죄·무죄라고) 답변하다[답변서를 제출하다] 3.변호하다

8:58 May he turn our hearts to him, to walk in all his ways and to keep the commands, decrees and regulations he gave our fathers.
decree 1.Noun 법령, 칙령 2.(법원의) 결정[판결] 3.Verb (법령판결 등에 따라) 명하다[결정하다]
regulation 1.Noun 규정 2.규제, 통제, 단속 3.Adj 규정된

(Chapter 9)

9:4 “As for you, if you walk before me in integrity of heart and uprightness, as David your father did, and do all I command and observe my decrees and laws,
uprightness Noun 강직함, 강직성
upright 1.Adj (자세가) 똑바른, 꼿꼿한 2.수직으로[똑바로] 세워 둔 3.Noun 수직 기둥, 직립부

9:7 then I will cut off Israel from the land I have given them and will reject this temple I have consecrated for my Name. Israel will then become a byword and an object of ridicule among all peoples.
byword 1.Noun (특정한 자질의) 전형[대명사] 2.美 상투적인 어구

9:8 And though this temple is now imposing, all who pass by will be appalled and will scoff and say, ‘Why has the LORD done such a thing to this land and to this temple?’
imposing Adj 인상적인, 눈길을 끄는
impose 1.Verb (새로운 법률·세금 등을) 도입[시행]하다 2.(힘들거나 불쾌한 것을) 부과하다[지우다] 3.(의견 등을) 강요하다
appall T verb 오싹하게[질겁하게] 하다, 질리게 하다(terrify)
scoff 1.Verb 비웃다, 조롱하다 (=mock) 2.英,(많은 양을 급히) 먹다[먹어 치우다]

9:9 People will answer, ‘Because they have forsaken the LORD their God, who brought their fathers out of Egypt, and have embraced other gods, worshiping and serving them–that is why the LORD brought all this disaster on them.'”
embrace 1.Verb (껴)안다, 포옹하다 (=hug) 2.(생각·제의 등을 열렬히) 받아들이다[수용하다] 3.포괄하다, 아우르다

9:15 Here is the account of the forced labor King Solomon conscripted to build the LORD’S temple, his own palace, the supporting terraces, the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer.
conscript 1.Verb 특히 英 징집[징병]하다 (=call up) 2.Noun 英 징집병 (→volunteer)

(Chapter 10)

10:11 (Hiram’s ships brought gold from Ophir; and from there they brought great cargoes of almugwood and precious stones.
almugwood Noun 백단나무 목재(솔로몬이 성전과 궁전 건축에 사용했다는 목재),(=algum)

10:13 King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for, besides what he had given her out of his royal bounty. Then she left and returned with her retinue to her own country.
bounty 1.Noun 문예체 너그러움, 풍부함 2.포상금
retinue [ˈretənuː] Noun (중요 인물의) 수행원들, 수행단 (=entourage)

10:21 All King Solomon’s goblets were gold, and all the household articles in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. Nothing was made of silver, because silver was considered of little value in Solomon’s days.
goblet Noun 고블릿(유리나 금속으로 된 포도주잔)

10:22 The king had a fleet of trading ships at sea along with the ships of Hiram. Once every three years it returned, carrying gold, silver and ivory, and apes and baboons.
baboon Noun 비비, 개코원숭이

10:27 The king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar as plentiful as sycamore-fig trees in the foothills.
foothill Noun (큰 산·산맥 기슭의) 작은 언덕[산]

(Chapter 11)

11:5 He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molech the detestable god of the Ammonites.
detestable Adj 혐오[가증]스러운

11:41 As for the other events of Solomon’s reign–all he did and the wisdom he displayed–are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon?
annal Noun 고어 (특히 1년간 또는 한 민족의) 기록(record).

(Chapter 12)

12:11 My father laid on you a heavy yoke; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.'”
scourge 1.Noun 격식 재앙, 골칫거리 2.(과거 사람 벌할 때 쓰던) 채찍[매] 3.Verb 문예체 괴롭히다, 고통을 안겨 주다

12:13 The king answered the people harshly. Rejecting the advice given him by the elders,
harsh 1.Adj 가혹한, 냉혹한 2.혹독한 3.(너무 강하거나 밝거나 추해서) 눈에 거슬리는, 야한 (↔soft)

(Chapter 13)

13:4 When King Jeroboam heard what the man of God cried out against the altar at Bethel, he stretched out his hand from the altar and said, “Seize him!” But the hand he stretched out toward the man shriveled up, so that he could not pull it back.
shrivel Verb 쪼글쪼글해지다, 쪼글쪼글하게 만들다

13:6 Then the king said to the man of God, “Intercede with the LORD your God and pray for me that my hand may be restored.” So the man of God interceded with the LORD, and the king’s hand was restored and became as it was before.
intercede Verb 격식 (~을 위해) (~에게) 탄원하다[선처를 호소하다/중재에 나서다] (=intervene)

13:21 He cried out to the man of God who had come from Judah, “This is what the LORD says: ‘You have defied the word of the LORD and have not kept the command the LORD your God gave you.
defy 1.Verb (권위·법률·규칙 등에) 반항[저항/거역]하다 2.믿기, 설명하기, 묘사하기 등이 (거의) 불가능하다 3. (기이할 정도로 잘) 견뎌 내다

13:26 When the prophet who had brought him back from his journey heard of it, he said, “It is the man of God who defied the word of the LORD. The LORD has given him over to the lion, which has mauled him and killed him, as the word of the LORD had warned him.”
maul 1.Verb (사람을 공격하여 살을 찢는) 상처를 입히다 (=savage) 2.난폭하게 건드리다[다루다] 3.(공개적으로) 혹평하다 (=savage)

13:34 This was the sin of the house of Jeroboam that led to its downfall and to its destruction from the face of the earth.
downfall Noun 몰락, 몰락의 원인

(Chapter 14)

14:6 So when Ahijah heard the sound of her footsteps at the door, he said, “Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why this pretense? I have been sent to you with bad news.
pretense 1.Noun 겉치레 , 가식(假飾), 가면, 위장, 허위 2.구실 , 핑계(pretext); [false ~s로] [법] 사기 행위 3.[U] (…이라는) 부당한 주장, 요구; ((일반적으로)) (…의) 주장, 요구 ((of, to, at))

(Chapter 15)

15:13 He even deposed his grandmother Maacah from her position as queen mother, because she had made a repulsive Asherah pole. Asa cut the pole down and burned it in the Kidron Valley.
repulsive 1.Adj 역겨운, 혐오스러운 (=disgusting) 2.물리 밀어내는

(Chapter 16)

16:18 When Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went into the citadel of the royal palace and set the palace on fire around him. So he died,
citadel Noun (과거 도시의 주민 피신용) 성채[요새]

16:21 Then the people of Israel were split into two factions; half supported Tibni son of Ginath for king, and the other half supported Omri.
faction 1.Noun 파벌, 파당 2.파벌 싸움, 알력 3.팩션(사실과 허구가 섞인 영화·책 등)

(Chapter 17)

(Chapter 18)

18:3 and Ahab had summoned Obadiah, who was in charge of his palace. (Obadiah was a devout believer in the LORD.
devout Adj 독실한

18:21 Elijah went before the people and said, “How long will you waver between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow him; but if Baal is God, follow him.” But the people said nothing.
waver 1.Verb 약하다, 약해지다, (불안정하게) 흔들리다[떨리다] 2.결정[선택]을 못 하다, 망설이다 (=hesitate) 3.(불안하게) 흔들리다

18:27 At noon Elijah began to taunt them. “Shout louder!” he said. “Surely he is a god! Perhaps he is deep in thought, or busy, or traveling. Maybe he is sleeping and must be awakened.”
taunt 1.Verb 놀리다, 비웃다, 조롱하다 2.Noun 놀림, 비웃음, 조롱

18:28 So they shouted louder and slashed themselves with swords and spears, as was their custom, until their blood flowed.
slash 1.Verb (날카로운 것으로 길게, 특히 폭력적으로) 긋다[베다] (=slit) 2.대폭 줄이다[낮추다] 3.Noun (칼 등으로) 긋기[베기]

18:29 Midday passed, and they continued their frantic prophesying until the time for the evening sacrifice. But there was no response, no one answered, no one paid attention.
frantic 1.Adj 정신없이[미친 듯이] 서두는[하는](hectic) 2.(두려움·걱정으로) 제정신이 아닌(=beside yourself)

18:44 The seventh time the servant reported, “A cloud as small as a man’s hand is rising from the sea.” So Elijah said, “Go and tell Ahab, ‘Hitch up your chariot and go down before the rain stops you.'”
hitch 1.Verb (지나가는 차를) 얻어 타다, 편승하다 (→hitchhike) 2.(옷을) 끌어 올리다[당기다] (=hike up)  3.Noun (잠깐 지체하게 하는) 문제[장애]

18:46 The power of the LORD came upon Elijah and, tucking his cloak into his belt, he ran ahead of Ahab all the way to Jezreel.
tuck 1.Verb (끝부분을 단정하게) 밀어넣다[접다] 2.(작은 공간에) 집어[끼워] 넣다 3.Noun (접어서 기운) 주름[단]

(Chapter 19)

19:4 while he himself went a day’s journey into the desert. He came to a broom tree, sat down under it and prayed that he might die. “I have had enough, LORD,” he said. “Take my life; I am no better than my ancestors.”
broom 1.Noun 빗자루, 비 2.금작화

(Chapter 20)

20:43 Sullen and angry, the king of Israel went to his palace in Samaria.
sullen 1.Adj 뚱한, 시무룩한 2. 문예체 음침한, 침울한

(Chapter 21)

21:4 So Ahab went home, sullen and angry because Naboth the Jezreelite had said, “I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers.” He lay on his bed sulking and refused to eat.
sulk 1.Verb 못마땅함 부루퉁하다, 샐쭉하다 2.Noun (한동안) 부루퉁함[샐쭉함]

21:10 But seat two scoundrels opposite him and have them testify that he has cursed both God and the king. Then take him out and stone him to death.”
scoundrel Noun 구식 (비열한) 악당 (=rogue

21:26 He behaved in the vilest manner by going after idols, like the Amorites the LORD drove out before Israel.)
vile 1.Adj극도로 불쾌한[나쁜] (=disgusting) 2. 비도덕적인, 절대 용납할 수 없는 (=wicked)

(Chapter 22)

22:6 So the king of Israel brought together the prophets–about four hundred men–and asked them, “Shall I go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or shall I refrain?” “Go,” they answered, “for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.”
refrain 1.Verb 격식 (특히 하고 싶은 것을) 삼가다 (=desist from) 2.Noun 자주 반복되는 말[불평]

22:19 Micaiah continued, “Therefore hear the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne with all the host of heaven standing around him on his right and on his left.
host 1.Noun 무리, 떼, 다수(의 …)(large number) ((of)) 2.군(軍), 군대(army)

22:20 And the LORD said, ‘Who will entice Ahab into attacking Ramoth Gilead and going to his death there?’ “One suggested this, and another that.
entice Verb (보통 무엇을 제공하며) 유도[유인]하다 (=persuade)

22:23 “So now the LORD has put a lying spirit in the mouths of all these prophets of yours. The LORD has decreed disaster for you.”
decree 1.Noun 법령, 칙령 2.(법원의) 결정[판결] 3.Verb (법령판결 등에 따라) 명하다[결정하다]

22:35 All day long the battle raged, and the king was propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. The blood from his wound ran onto the floor of the chariot, and that evening he died.
rage 1.Noun 격렬한 분노, 격노 2.(특정 상황에 격분하여 일으킨) 폭력 사태 (→road rage) 3.Verb (특히 고함을 지르며) 몹시[격렬히] 화를 내다 (=rail)

22:39 As for the other events of Ahab’s reign, including all he did, the palace he built and inlaid with ivory, and the cities he fortified, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?
inlaid Adj (나무·금속 등으로) 무늬를 새긴, 상감 세공을 한

22:45 As for the other events of Jehoshaphat’s reign, the things he achieved and his military exploits, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
exploit 1.Verb (부당하게) 이용하다 2.착취하다 3.Noun 위업, 공적

22:47 There was then no king in Edom; a deputy ruled.
deputy 1.Noun (한 조직의 장(長) 바로 다음 가는 직급인) 부-[-보/대행[대리](인)] 2.(일부 국가들에서 의회의) 의원[국회의원] 3.(미국에서 한 지역의) 보안관보


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