Isaiah1 (NIV)

   


Isaiah (NIV)
Chapter 1-33

(Chapter 1)
1:2 Hear, O heavens! Listen, O earth! For the LORD has spoken: “I reared children and brought them up, but they have rebelled against me.
rear 1.T verb <아이를> 기르다, 교육하다; <가족을> 부양하다 2.<동물을> 사육하다, 재배하다, 길들이다 3.I verb <말 등이> 뒷다리로 서다 ((up))

1:4 Ah, sinful nation, a people loaded with guilt, a brood of evildoers, children given to corruption! They have forsaken the LORD; they have spurned the Holy One of Israel and turned their backs on him.
spurn Verb 퇴짜 놓다, 일축하다 (=shun)

1:5 Why should you be beaten anymore? Why do you persist in rebellion? Your whole head is injured, your whole heart afflicted.
afflict Verb 격식 괴롭히다, 피해를 입히다

1:6 From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness–only wounds and welts and open sores, not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with oil.
welt Noun (맞거나 쓸려서 피부가) 부푼[부은] 자국 (=weal)
sore 1.Adj(보통 빨갛게 염증이 생기거나 근육을 많이 써서) 아픈[따가운/화끈거리는] 2.비격식, 특히 美 (특히 부당한 대우에) 화가 난, 감정이 상한 (=annoyed) 3.Noun (흔히 빨갛게 된) 상처 (→bedsore, canker sore, cold sore), (=wound)
soothe 1.Verb (마음을) 달래다[진정시키다] (=calm) 2.(통증 등을) 누그러뜨리다[완화시키다] (=relieve)

1:13 Stop bringing meaningless offerings! Your incense is detestable to me. New Moons, Sabbaths and convocations–I cannot bear your evil assemblies.
convocation 1.Noun (특히 교회나 대학 관계자들의) 집회[대회] 2.(집회·대회) 소집 3.美 (대학) 학위 수여식

1:21 See how the faithful city has become a harlot! She once was full of justice; righteousness used to dwell in her–but now murderers!
harlot Noun 옛글투, 못마땅함 매춘부, 매춘부 같은 여자

1:22 Your silver has become dross, your choice wine is diluted with water.
dross 1.Noun 특히 英 싸구려 (물건들), 찌꺼기 2.문 용어 (특히 녹인 금속의) 찌꺼기

1:27 Zion will be redeemed with justice, her penitent ones with righteousness.
penitent 1.Adj 뉘우치는, 참회하는 (=remorseful) 2.Noun (특히 종교인으로서) 회개하는 사람

1:31 The mighty man will become tinder and his work a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the fire.”
tinder Noun 부싯깃, 불쏘시개

(Chapter 2)

2:4 He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.
plowshare Noun 보습, 쟁기의 날
pruning hook 가지치는 낫, 전지용 낫

2:6 You have abandoned your people, the house of Jacob. They are full of superstitions from the East; they practice divination like the Philistines and clasp hands with pagans.
superstition Noun 미신
divination Noun 점(占), 점을 침

2:16 for every trading ship and every stately vessel.
stately 1.Adj 위풍당당한, 위엄 있는 (=majestic) 2.(격식을 갖춰 느리고) 우아한, 장중한

2:20 In that day men will throw away to the rodents and bats their idols of silver and idols of gold, which they made to worship.
rodent Noun 설치류(쥐·토끼처럼 앞니가 날카로운 동물)

(Chapter 3)
3:2 the hero and warrior, the judge and prophet, the soothsayer and elder,
soothsayer Noun 옛글투 예언자, 점쟁이

3:8 Jerusalem staggers, Judah is falling; their words and deeds are against the LORD, defying his glorious presence.
defy 1.Verb (권위·법률·규칙 등에) 반항[저항/거역]하다 2.믿기, 설명하기, 묘사하기 등이 (거의) 불가능하다 3.(기이할 정도로 잘) 견뎌 내다

3:16 The LORD says, “The women of Zion are haughty, walking along with outstretched necks, flirting with their eyes, tripping along with mincing steps, with ornaments jingling on their ankles.
haughty Adj 거만한, 오만한 (=arrogant)
outstretch 1.T verb 펴다, 뻗다; 확장하다 2.…의 한계를 넘어서 펴다
flirt 1.Verb 추파를 던지다 2.Noun 바람둥이
tripping 1.Adj 경쾌하게[민첩하게] 빨리 걷는, 발걸음이 가벼운
mincing Adj (못마땅함) 섬세한 척 고상을 떠는
jingle 1.Noun 딸랑, 짤랑, 댕그랑 2.(라디오텔레비전의) 시엠송 3.Verb (듣기 좋게) 딸랑[짤랑/댕그랑]거리다

3:17 Therefore the Lord will bring sores on the heads of the women of Zion; the LORD will make their scalps bald.”
scalp 1.Noun 두피 2.머릿가죽(과거 일부 아메리카 원주민들이 승리의 징표로 챙기던 것)

3:18 In that day the Lord will snatch away their finery: the bangles and headbands and crescent necklaces,
finery Noun 격식 (특히 특별한 경우에 입는) 화려한 옷과 보석
crescent 1.Noun 초승달 모양 2.크레센트(집이 죽 늘어서 있는 초승달 모양의 거리) 3.(이슬람교의 상징인 초승달 모양의) 크레센트 (→the Red Crescent)
bangle Noun (느슨하게 차는 큰) 팔찌

3:22 the fine robes and the capes and cloaks, the purses
cape 1.Noun 망토 2.(Abbr.) C.. 곶, 갑

3:23 and mirrors, and the linen garments and tiaras and shawls.
tiara Noun 작은 왕관(공주가 공식 행사 때 쓰는 것과 같은 것)

3:24 Instead of fragrance there will be a stench; instead of a sash, a rope; instead of well-dressed hair, baldness; instead of fine clothing, sackcloth; instead of beauty, branding.
brand 1.Noun 상표, 브랜드 (→own-brand) 2.(특정한) 종류[유형] 3.Verb (특히 부당하게) 낙인을 찍다

3:26 The gates of Zion will lament and mourn; destitute, she will sit on the ground.
lament 1.Verb 격식 애통[한탄/통탄]하다 (=bemoan, bewail) 2. 애도; 애가, 비가
mourn Verb (사람의 죽음을) 애도[슬퍼]하다, 애석해[애통해] 하다 (=grieve for)
destitute 1.Adj 극빈한, 궁핍한 2.극빈자들 3. …이 없는

(Chapter 4)

(Chapter 5)
5:6 I will make it a wasteland, neither pruned nor cultivated, and briers and thorns will grow there. I will command the clouds not to rain on it.”
brier 1.Noun 찔레 , 들장미(의 가지) 2.찔레 숲

5:11 Woe to those who rise early in the morning to run after their drinks, who stay up late at night till they are inflamed with wine.
inflame 1.Verb 흥분[격앙/격분]시키다 2.(상황을) 악화시키다[걷잡을 수 없게 만들다]

5:13 Therefore my people will go into exile for lack of understanding; their men of rank will die of hunger and their masses will be parched with thirst.
parch Verb 바싹 마르게[몹시 건조하게] 하다

5:14 Therefore the grave enlarges its appetite and opens its mouth without limit; into it will descend their nobles and masses with all their brawlers and revelers.
brawler Noun 말다툼[싸움]하는 사람
reveler Noun 술잔치를 베푸는 사람, 술 마시고 흥청대는 사람, 난봉꾼

5:23 who acquit the guilty for a bribe, but deny justice to the innocent.
acquit 1.Verb 무죄를 선고하다 (↔convict) 2. 격식 잘, 잘못 처신하다[(능력을) 발휘하다] 등

5:24 Therefore, as tongues of fire lick up straw and as dry grass sinks down in the flames, so their roots will decay and their flowers blow away like dust; for they have rejected the law of the LORD Almighty and spurned the word of the Holy One of Israel.
spurn Verb 퇴짜 놓다, 일축하다 (=shun)

5:29 Their roar is like that of the lion, they roar like young lions; they growl as they seize their prey and carry it off with no one to rescue.
growl 1.Verb 으르렁거리다 2.으르렁거리듯 말하다 3.으르렁거리는 소리

(Chapter 6)
6:6 Then one of the seraphs flew to me with a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with tongs from the altar.
seraph Noun 치품천사(구품 천사 가운데 가장 높은 천사) (→cherub)  seraphim Noun SERAPH의 복수
tongs 1.Noun 집게 2.고데기(머리에 컬을 넣는 데 쓰는 인두)

6:7 With it he touched my mouth and said, “See, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away and your sin atoned for.”
atone Verb 격식 속죄하다 (=make amends)

6:10 Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes.
callous Adj 냉담한 (=cruel, unfeeling)

6:11 Then I said, “For how long, O Lord?” And he answered: “Until the cities lie ruined and without inhabitant, until the houses are left deserted and the fields ruined and ravaged,
ravage Verb 황폐[피폐]하게 만들다, 유린[파괴]하다 (=devastate)

6:13 And though a tenth remains in the land, it will again be laid waste. But as the terebinth and oak leave stumps when they are cut down, so the holy seed will be the stump in the land.”
terebinth Noun 식물 테레빈 나무

(Chapter 7)
7:3 Then the LORD said to Isaiah, “Go out, you and your son Shear-Jashub, to meet Ahaz at the end of the aqueduct of the Upper Pool, on the road to the Washerman’s Field.
aqueduct Noun 송수로[교]

7:4 Say to him, ‘Be careful, keep calm and don’t be afraid. Do not lose heart because of these two smoldering stubs of firewood–because of the fierce anger of Rezin and Aram and of the son of Remaliah.
stub 1.Noun (쓰다 남은 물건의) 토막, (담배) 꽁초; 몽당연필 2.(표수표 등에서 한 쪽을 떼어 주고) 남은 부분 3.Verb (~에) 발가락이 차이다

7:19 They will all come and settle in the steep ravines and in the crevices in the rocks, on all the thornbushes and at all the water holes.
crevice Noun (바위나 담에 생긴) 틈

7:23 In that day, in every place where there were a thousand vines worth a thousand silver shekels, there will be only briers and thorns.
brier 1.Noun 찔레 , 들장미(의 가지) 2.찔레 숲

7:25 As for all the hills once cultivated by the hoe, you will no longer go there for fear of the briers and thorns; they will become places where cattle are turned loose and where sheep run.
hoe 1.Noun 괭이 2.Verb 괭이질을 하다

(Chapter 8)
8:7 therefore the Lord is about to bring against them the mighty floodwaters of the River–the king of Assyria with all his pomp. It will overflow all its channels, run over all its banks
pomp Noun (공식 행사·의식의) 장관[장려함]

8:8 and sweep on into Judah, swirling over it, passing through it and reaching up to the neck. Its outspread wings will cover the breadth of your land, O Immanuel!”
swirl 1.Verb (빠르게) 빙빙 돌다, 소용돌이치다; 빙빙 돌게[소용돌이치게] 하다 2.소용돌이
breadth 1.Noun 폭, 너비 (=width) (→length) 2.(지식·관심 등이) 폭넓음

8:9 Raise the war cry, you nations, and be shattered! Listen, all you distant lands. Prepare for battle, and be shattered! Prepare for battle, and be shattered!
shatter 1.Verb 산산이 부서지다, 산산조각 나다; 산산이 부수다. 산산조각 내다 2.(특히 희망·신념 등을[이]) 산산조각 내다[산산조각 나다] 3.Verb 엄청난 충격을 주다

8:10 Devise your strategy, but it will be thwarted; propose your plan, but it will not stand, for God is with us.
thwart Verb (계획 등을) 좌절시키다 (=frustrate)

8:13 The LORD Almighty is the one you are to regard as holy, he is the one you are to fear, he is the one you are to dread,
fear 1.Noun 공포, 두려움, 무서움 2.Verb (…을) 두려워[무서워]하다
dread 1.Verb (…을) 몹시 무서워하다, (안 좋은 일 생길까) 두려워하다 2.Noun (안 좋은 일 생길까) 두려움, 두려운 것

8:15 Many of them will stumble; they will fall and be broken, they will be snared and captured.”
stumble 1.Verb 발이 걸리다, 발을 헛디디다 (=trip) 2.비틀[휘청]거리다 3.(말·글 읽기·연주를 하다가) 더듬거리다[실수하다]

8:19 When men tell you to consult mediums and spiritists, who whisper and mutter, should not a people inquire of their God? Why consult the dead on behalf of the living?
mutter 1.Verb (특히 기분이 나빠서) 중얼거리다 2.투덜거리다, (작은 소리로) 불평하다(=grumble) 3.Noun 중얼거림

8:21 Distressed and hungry, they will roam through the land; when they are famished, they will become enraged and, looking upward, will curse their king and their God.
famish 1.T verb [보통 수동형으로] 굶주리게 하다(starve), [고어] 아사시키다 2.I verb 굶다, [고어] 아사하다

(Chapter 9)
9:5 Every warrior’s boot used in battle and every garment rolled in blood will be destined for burning, will be fuel for the fire.
roll 1.Noun (종이옷감필름 등을 둥글게 말아 놓은) 통, 두루마리 (→toilet roll) 2.美 (종이 원통 속에 사탕 등을 넣어 포장해 놓은) 통 3.Verb 구르다, 굴러가다[오다]; 굴리다 4.뒹굴다, (빙글빙글) 돌다; 뒹굴게 하다, 돌리다

9:10 “The bricks have fallen down, but we will rebuild with dressed stone; the fig trees have been felled, but we will replace them with cedars.”
fell 1.Noun (잉글랜드 북부 지방의) 언덕[고지] 2.Verb (나무를) 베어 넘어뜨리다

9:11 But the LORD has strengthened Rezin’s foes against them and has spurred their enemies on.
spur 1.Noun 박차 2.자극제, 원동력 (=motivation) 3.Verb 원동력[자극제]이 되다, 자극하다

9:17 Therefore the Lord will take no pleasure in the young men, nor will he pity the fatherless and widows, for everyone is ungodly and wicked, every mouth speaks vileness. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.
vile 1.Adj 비격식 극도로 불쾌한[나쁜] (=disgusting) 2.격식 비도덕적인, 절대 용납할 수 없는 (=wicked)

9:18 Surely wickedness burns like a fire; it consumes briers and thorns, it sets the forest thickets ablaze, so that it rolls upward in a column of smoke.
thicket 1.Noun 덤불, 잡목 숲 2.복잡하게 뒤얽힌 것

9:19 By the wrath of the LORD Almighty the land will be scorched and the people will be fuel for the fire; no one will spare his brother.
scorch 1.Verb (불에) 그슬다[눋게 하다] 2.(특히 햇살이나 화학물질 때문에) 누렇게 마르다[시들다], 누렇게 마르게[시들게] 하다 

(Chapter 10)
10:3 What will you do on the day of reckoning, when disaster comes from afar? To whom will you run for help? Where will you leave your riches?
reckoning 1.Noun (특히 정확하지 않은) 계산, 추산, 추정 2.(인간의 행동에 대한) 심판
reckon 1.Verb 비격식, 특히 英 (…라고) 생각하다 2.(일반적으로) 여겨지다 3.Verb 英, 비격식 예상하다

10:4 Nothing will remain but to cringe among the captives or fall among the slain. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.
cringe 1.Verb (겁이 나서) 움츠리다[움찔하다] (=cower), 자지러지다 2.민망하다

10:9 ‘Has not Calno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus?
fare 1.Noun (교통) 요금 2.(택시) 승객 3.Verb(특정 상황에서) 잘, 잘못, 더 잘하다 등(get on)

10:12 When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes.
willful ( wilful ) 1.Adj 일부러의 , 계획적인, 고의의 2. 제 마음대로의, 고집 센 , 괴팍스러운

10:14 As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as men gather abandoned eggs, so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing, or opened its mouth to chirp.'”
chirp ( chirrup ) 1.Verb 짹짹[찍찍]거리다 2.재잘거리다

10:15 Does the ax raise itself above him who swings it, or the saw boast against him who uses it? As if a rod were to wield him who lifts it up, or a club brandish him who is not wood!
wield 1.Verb (권력·권위 등을) 행사하다 2.(무기·도구를) 휘두르다[들다] (=brandish)
brandish Verb (특히 무기를) 휘두르다

10:17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers.
brier 1.Noun 찔레 , 들장미(의 가지) 2.Noun 찔레 숲

10:18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick man wastes away.
waste away (특히 아파서) 쇠약해지다 (=become emaciated)

10:31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover.
take cover 숨다, 피난하다; 지형을 이용하여 숨다

10:33 See, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low.
lop Verb (나무·나뭇가지를) 자르다[잘라 내다]
bough Noun 격식 또는 문예체 (나무의 큰) 가지
fell Verb (나무를) 베어 넘어뜨리다

(Chapter 11)
11:1 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.
shoot 1.Verb 쏘다 2. 쏘아 죽이다[다치게 하다] 3.Noun (새로 돋아난) 순[싹]
stump 1.Noun (나무의) 그루터기 2.(주요 부분이 잘리거나 부러지거나 닳고 난 뒤에) 남은 부분 3.Verb 비격식 (너무 어려운 질문문제로) 쩔쩔매게[당황하게] 하다 (=baffle)

11:6 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them.
yearling Noun 한 살배기 동물(특히 말)

11:11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the remnant that is left of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the sea.
reclaim 1.Verb (분실하거나 빼앗긴 물건 등을) 되찾다[돌려 달라고 하다] (→baggage reclaim) 2.(늪지 등을) 매립하다, (황무지 등을) 개간하다, 간척지를 만들다 3.(개간해서 쓰이던 땅이 사막·숲 등의 자연 상태로) 환원[복구]되다

11:14 They will swoop down on the slopes of Philistia to the west; together they will plunder the people to the east. They will lay hands on Edom and Moab, and the Ammonites will be subject to them.
swoop 1.Verb (공격을 하기 위해) 급강하하다, 위에서 덮치다(=dive) 2.급습[기습]하다 3.Noun 급강하, 위에서 덮침 (=dive)

11:15 The LORD will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that men can cross over in sandals.
scorching 1.Adj모든 걸 태워 버릴 듯이 더운 (=baking)
scorch 1.Verb (불에) 그슬다[눋게 하다] 2.(특히 햇살이나 화학물질 때문에) 누렇게 마르다[시들다], 누렇게 마르게[시들게] 하다 

(Chapter 13)
13:2 Raise a banner on a bare hilltop, shout to them; beckon to them to enter the gates of the nobles.
beckon 1.Verb (오라고) 손짓하다, (손짓으로) 부르다 (=signal) 2.아주 매력적으로 보이다, 유혹의 손짓을 하다 3.손짓을 하다[조짐을 보이다]

13:4 Listen, a noise on the mountains, like that of a great multitude! Listen, an uproar among the kingdoms, like nations massing together! The LORD Almighty is mustering an army for war.
mass 1.Noun (정확한 형체가 없는) 덩어리[덩이] 2.(양이) 많은 ~ 3.Adj 대량의, 대규모의, 대중적인(→mass-market)
muster 1.Verb (지지 등을 최대한) 모으다, (용기 등을 최대한) 내다[발휘하다] (=summon) 2.소집[동원]되다, 소집[동원]하다 (=gather) 3.Noun (특히 병사의) 소집[집결]

13:7 Because of this, all hands will go limp, every man’s heart will melt.
limp 1.Adj기운[활기]이 없는, 축 처진[늘어진] 2.흐물흐물한, 흐느적거리는 3.Verb 다리를 절다[절뚝거리다]

13:8 Terror will seize them, pain and anguish will grip them; they will writhe like a woman in labor. They will look aghast at each other, their faces aflame.
writhe Verb (흔히 극심한 고통으로) 온몸을 비틀다
aghast Adj 경악한, 겁에 질린 (=horrified)
aflame 1.Adj 불타는, 불붙은 (=ablaze) 2.(불타듯) 환한 (=ablaze) 3.(흥분·당혹감으로) 불타는 듯한[이글거리는]

13:10 The stars of heaven and their constellations will not show their light. The rising sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light.
constellation 1.Noun 별자리, 성좌 2.격식 (관련 있는 생각·사물·사람들의) 무리, 기라성

13:11 I will punish the world for its evil, the wicked for their sins. I will put an end to the arrogance of the haughty and will humble the pride of the ruthless.
ruthless Adj 못마땅함 무자비한, 가차 없는, 인정사정없는

13:16 Their infants will be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses will be looted and their wives ravished.
ravish 1.Verb 강간하다 (=rape) 2.Verb 황홀하게 하다

(Chapter 14)
14:3 On the day the LORD gives you relief from suffering and turmoil and cruel bondage,
suffering 1.Noun (육체적·정신적) 고통 2.(마음의) 고통, 괴로움
suffer 1.Verb (질병·고통·슬픔·결핍 등에) 시달리다, 고통받다 2.(부상·패배·상실 등을) 겪다[당하다] 3.더 나빠지다, 악화되다
turmoil Noun 혼란, 소란 (=confusion)

14:4 you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: How the oppressor has come to an end! How his fury has ended!
taunt 1.Verb 놀리다, 비웃다, 조롱하다 2.Noun 놀림, 비웃음, 조롱

14:6 which in anger struck down peoples with unceasing blows, and in fury subdued nations with relentless aggression.
unceasing Adj 격식 끊임없는 (=incessant)
relentless 1.Adj 수그러들지 않는, 끈질긴 (=unrelenting) 2. 가차 없는
aggression 1.Noun 공격성 2.공격, 침략

14:8 Even the pine trees and the cedars of Lebanon exult over you and say, “Now that you have been laid low, no woodsman comes to cut us down.”
exult Verb 격식 기뻐서 어쩔 줄 모르다, 의기양양하다

14:9 The grave below is all astir to meet you at your coming; it rouses the spirits of the departed to greet you–all those who were leaders in the world; it makes them rise from their thrones–all those who were kings over the nations.
astir 1.Adv, Adj 움직이어; 활기를 띠어, 웅성거려(with) 2.(잠자리에서) 일어나

14:27 For the LORD Almighty has purposed, and who can thwart him? His hand is stretched out, and who can turn it back?
thwart Verb 좌절시키다(=frustrate)

14:31 Wail, O gate! Howl, O city! Melt away, all you Philistines! A cloud of smoke comes from the north, and there is not a straggler in its ranks.
howl 1.Verb (길게) 울다[울부짖다] 2.울부짖다[법석을 떨다] 3.Noun 길게 짖는 소리
straggler Noun (대오 등에서) 뒤처진 사람[동물], 낙오자
straggle 1.Verb 제멋대로 자라나다[퍼지다] 2.(대오 등에서 뒤로) 처지다, 낙오되다

14:32 What answer shall be given to the envoys of that nation? “The LORD has established Zion, and in her his afflicted people will find refuge.”
envoy Noun 사절, 특사 (=emissary)

(Chapter 15)
15:3 In the streets they wear sackcloth; on the roofs and in the public squares they all wail, prostrate with weeping.
prostrate 1.Adj 엎드린[엎어져 있는] 2.(충격 등으로) 몸[정신]을 가누지 못하는 3.Verb(예배를 위해) 엎드리다

15:4 Heshbon and Elealeh cry out, their voices are heard all the way to Jahaz. Therefore the armed men of Moab cry out, and their hearts are faint.
faint 1.Adj(빛소리냄새 등이) 희미한[약한] 2.(가능성 등이) 아주 적은(slight) 3.Verb 실신[기절/졸도]하다(pass out)

15:7 So the wealth they have acquired and stored up they carry away over the Ravine of the Poplars.
ravine Noun (좁고 험한) 산골짜기, 협곡 (=gorge)

(Chapter 16)
16:2 Like fluttering birds pushed from the nest, so are the women of Moab at the fords of the Arnon.
flutter 1.Verb (빠르고 가볍게) 흔들(리)다[펄럭이다/떨다] 2.(새곤충이 날개를) 파닥이다 3.Noun (빠르고 가벼운) 흔들림[떨림]
ford 1.Noun (강바닥이 얕은) 여울 2.Verb (강냇물을) 걸어서[차를 타고] 건너다

16:4 Let the Moabite fugitives stay with you; be their shelter from the destroyer.” The oppressor will come to an end, and destruction will cease; the aggressor will vanish from the land.
aggressor Noun (먼저) 공격[침략]을 한 사람[국가]

16:6 We have heard of Moab’s pride–her overweening pride and conceit, her pride and her insolence–but her boasts are empty.
overweening Adj 격식, 자만에 찬, 우쭐대는 (=arrogant)
conceit 1.Noun 자만심 2.격식 (특히 기발하긴 하나 성공적이지는 못한 예술적) 효과[장치] 3.전문 용어 (말이나 글에서 기발한) 비유 (=metaphor)
insolence 1.Noun 건방짐, 거만함, 오만, 무례 2.건방진 태도[말]

16:9 So I weep, as Jazer weeps, for the vines of Sibmah. O Heshbon, O Elealeh, I drench you with tears! The shouts of joy over your ripened fruit and over your harvests have been stilled.
drench Verb 흠뻑 적시다 (=soak)

16:10 Joy and gladness are taken away from the orchards; no one sings or shouts in the vineyards; no one treads out wine at the presses, for I have put an end to the shouting.
orchard Noun 과수원

16:12 When Moab appears at her high place, she only wears herself out; when she goes to her shrine to pray, it is to no avail.
wear (something) out 못쓰게 되다, 지치다
avail Verb 격식 또는 구식 도움이 되다, 소용에 닿다

16:14 But now the LORD says: “Within three years, as a servant bound by contract would count them, Moab’s splendor and all her many people will be despised, and her survivors will be very few and feeble.”
despise Verb 경멸하다

(Chapter 17)
17:5 It will be as when a reaper gathers the standing grain and harvests the grain with his arm–as when a man gleans heads of grain in the Valley of Rephaim.
glean Verb (정보·지식 등을 어렵게 여기저기서) 얻다[모으다]
gather[glean] heads of grain 이삭을 줍다

17:6 Yet some gleanings will remain, as when an olive tree is beaten, leaving two or three olives on the topmost branches, four or five on the fruitful boughs,” declares the LORD, the God of Israel.
bough Noun 격식 또는 문예체 (나무의 큰) 가지

17:9 In that day their strong cities, which they left because of the Israelites, will be like places bandoned to thickets and undergrowth. And all will be desolation.
thicket 1.Noun 덤불, 잡목 숲 2.복잡하게 뒤얽힌 것
undergrowth (underbrush) Noun 덤불, 관목

17:13 Although the peoples roar like the roar of surging waters, when he rebukes them they flee far away, driven before the wind like chaff on the hills, like tumbleweed before a gale.
tumbleweed Noun 회전초(가을이 되면 줄기 밑동에서 떨어져 공 모양으로 바람에 날리는 잡초)gale 1.Noun 강풍, 돌풍 2.왁자지껄한 웃음[폭소]

17:14 In the evening, sudden terror! Before the morning, they are gone! This is the portion of those who loot us, the lot of those who plunder us.
loot 1.Verb (폭동화재 등이 났을 때 상점건물에서 물건을) 훔치다[약탈하다] 2.Noun 전리품, 노획물 (=booty)
plunder 1.Verb (특히 전시에 어떤 장소를) 약탈[강탈]하다 (→pillage), (=loot) 2.Noun 약탈, 강탈

(Chapter 18)
18:1 Woe to the land of whirring wings along the rivers of Cush,
whirr ( whir ) 1.Verb (기계가 돌아가면서) 윙 하는 소리를 내다 2.Noun 윙 하는[윙윙거리는] 소리

18:4 This is what the LORD says to me: “I will remain quiet and will look on from my dwelling place, like shimmering heat in the sunshine, like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.”
shimmer 1.Verb 희미하게 빛나다, (빛을 받아) 어른[일렁]거리다 2.Noun (일렁이는 듯한) 희미한 빛
cloud of dew 종교 운무

(Chapter 19)
19:6 The canals will stink; the streams of Egypt will dwindle and dry up. The reeds and rushes will wither,
stink 1.Verb (고약한) 냄새가 나다, 악취가 풍기다 (=reek) 2.구린내가 나다, 수상쩍다 3.Noun 악취 (=reek)
dwindle Verb (점점) 줄어들다
rush 1.Noun 골풀, 등심초 (멍석·바구니 등을 만듦) 2.하찮은 물건 3.Adj 골풀로 만든 , 부들

19:8 The fishermen will groan and lament, all who cast hooks into the Nile; those who throw nets on the water will pine away.
pine 1.I verb 애타게 그리워하다, 연모하다(for, after); 갈망[열망]하다(to do) 2.I verb (슬픔·병 등으로) 수척해지다 (away), 파리해지다

19:9 Those who work with combed flax will despair, the weavers of fine linen will lose hope.
flax 1.Noun 아마(亞麻) 2.Noun 아마 섬유

19:10 The workers in cloth will be dejected, and all the wage earners will be sick at heart.
dejected Adj 실의에 빠진, 낙담한 (=despondent) deject T verb …의 기를 꺾다, 낙담시키다

19:16 In that day the Egyptians will be like women. They will shudder with fear at the uplifted hand that the LORD Almighty raises against them.
shudder 1.Verb (공포추위 등으로) 몸을 떨다, 몸서리치다, 전율하다 2.마구 흔들리다 3.Noun 몸이 떨림, 전율, 몸서리

19:18 In that day five cities in Egypt will speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the LORD Almighty. One of them will be called the City of Destruction.
allegiance Noun (정당·종교·통치자 등에 대한) 충성

(Chapter 20)
20:1 In the year that the supreme commander, sent by Sargon king of Assyria, came to Ashdod and attacked and captured it–
supreme commander 최고 사령관

20:3 Then the LORD said, “Just as my servant Isaiah has gone stripped and barefoot for three years, as a sign and portent against Egypt and Cush,
portent Noun 문예체 (특히 불길한) 전조[징후] (=omen)

20:4 so the king of Assyria will lead away stripped and barefoot the Egyptian captives and Cushite exiles, young and old, with buttocks bared–to Egypt’s shame.
buttock Noun 궁둥이

(Chapter 21)
21:2 A dire vision has been shown to me: The traitor betrays, the looter takes loot. Elam, attack! Media, lay siege! I will bring to an end all the groaning she caused.
dire 1.Adj 격식 대단히 심각한, 엄청난, 지독한 2.英, 비격식 몹시 나쁜, 끔찍한

21:3 At this my body is racked with pain, pangs seize me, like those of a woman in labor; I am staggered by what I hear, I am bewildered by what I see.
rack 1.Noun (물건을 얹거나 걸기 위해 금속목재 막대를 가로질러 만든) 받침대[선반], 시렁 (→luggage rack, roof rack) 2.(팔다리를 묶어 몸을 비트는) 고문대[형벌대] 3.Verb (몹시) 괴롭히다[시달리게 하다], (극심한 고통으로 몸 등이) 뒤틀어지게 하다
pang Noun <갑자기 격렬하게 일어나는 육체적·정신적 고통·아픔>
bewilder Verb 어리둥절하게[혼란스럽게] 만들다

21:4 My heart falters, fear makes me tremble; the twilight I longed for has become a horror to me.
falter 1.Verb 불안정해지다, 흔들리다 (=waver) 2.(자신이 없어 목소리가) 흔들리다[더듬거리다] 3.(자신감 부족으로 걸음이나 행동이) 흔들리다[머뭇거리다]

21:9 Look, here comes a man in a chariot with a team of horses. And he gives back the answer: ‘Babylon has fallen, has fallen! All the images of its gods lie shattered on the ground!'”
shatter 1.Verb 산산이 부서지다, 산산조각 나다; 산산이 부수다. 산산조각 내다 2.(특히 희망·신념 등을[이]) 산산조각 내다[산산조각 나다] 3.엄청난 충격을 주다

(Chapter 22)
22:2 O town full of commotion, O city of tumult and revelry? Your slain were not killed by the sword, nor did they die in battle.
commotion Noun 소란, 소동
tumult 1.Noun 소란, 소동 2.(마음이) 심란함, 혼란스러움
revelry Noun 흥청대며 먹고 마시는 파티, 흥청대며 놀기 (=festivity, merrymaking)

22:16 What are you doing here and who gave you permission to cut out a grave for yourself here, hewing your grave on the height and chiseling your resting place in the rock?
hew 1.Verb 구식 (도구를 써서 큰 것을) 자르다 2.격식 (큰 것을) 잘라서[깎아서] 만들다

22:19 I will depose you from your office, and you will be ousted from your position.
depose Verb (특히 통치자를 권좌에서) 물러나게 하다[퇴위/폐위시키다]
oust Verb (일자리·권좌에서) 몰아내다[쫓아내다/축출하다]

22:24 All the glory of his family will hang on him: its offspring and offshoots–all its lesser vessels, from the bowls to all the jars.
offshoot 1.Noun 파생물, 분파 2.전문 용어 새 나뭇가지[줄기], 분지(分枝)

22:25 “In that day,” declares the LORD Almighty, “the peg driven into the firm place will give way; it will be sheared off and will fall, and the load hanging on it will be cut down.” The LORD has spoken.
shear off 가위로 잘라내다

(Chapter 23)
23:2 Be silent, you people of the island and you merchants of Sidon, whom the seafarers have enriched.
seafarer Noun 구식 또는 격식 선원, 뱃사람

23:4 Be ashamed, O Sidon, and you, O fortress of the sea, for the sea has spoken: “I have neither been in labor nor given birth; I have neither reared sons nor brought up daughters.”
rear 1.T verb <아이를> 기르다, 교육하다; <가족을> 부양하다 2.<동물을> 사육하다, 재배하다, 길들이다 3.I verb <말 등이> 뒷다리로 서다 (up)

23:17 At the end of seventy years, the LORD will deal with Tyre. She will return to her hire as a prostitute and will ply her trade with all the kingdoms on the face of the earth.
ply 1.Verb 문예체 (정기적으로) 다니다[왕복하다] 2.격식 (도구를 능숙하게) 다루다 3.Noun 가닥[겹/층](털실목재밧줄 등의 굵기두께 등을 나타냄)

(Chapter 24)
24:1 See, the LORD is going to lay waste the earth and devastate it; he will ruin its face and scatter its inhabitants–
devastate 1.Verb (한 장소나 지역을) 완전히 파괴하다 2.(사람에게) 엄청난 충격을 주다, 비탄에 빠뜨리다

24:4 The earth dries up and withers, the world languishes and withers, the exalted of the earth languish.
languish 1.Verb (강요를 받아 어디에서) 머물다, (오랫동안 불쾌한 일을) 겪다 2.약화되다, (진전이) 시들해지다

24:7 The new wine dries up and the vine withers; all the merrymakers groan.
merrymaker Noun 흥청거리는 사람

24:8 The gaiety of the tambourines is stilled, the noise of the revelers has stopped, the joyful harp is silent.
gaiety Noun 구식 흥겨움, 유쾌함 (→gaily, gay, gayness)
reveler Noun 술잔치를 베푸는 사람, 술 마시고 흥청대는 사람, 난봉꾼

24:13 So will it be on the earth and among the nations, as when an olive tree is beaten, or as when gleanings are left after the grape harvest.
gleaning 1.Noun [U] 이삭줍기, (지식 등의) 수집 2.[pl.]주워 모은 이삭

24:14 They raise their voices, they shout for joy; from the west they acclaim the LORD’S majesty.
acclaim 1.Verb 칭송하다, 환호를 보내다 2.Noun (특히 예술적 업적에 대한) 찬사[칭찬]

24:16 From the ends of the earth we hear singing: “Glory to the Righteous One.” But I said, “I waste away, I waste away! Woe to me! The treacherous betray! With treachery the treacherous betray!”
waste away (특히 아파서) 쇠약해지다 (=become emaciated)
treacherous 1.Adj 기만적인, 신뢰할 수 없는 (=deceitful) 2.(특히 겉보기와 달리) 위험한
betray 1.Verb (적에게 정보를) 넘겨주다[팔아먹다] 2.배신[배반]하다 3.(원칙 등을) 저버리다
treachery Noun 배반

24:19 The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is thoroughly shaken.
asunder Adv구식 또는 문예체 산산이, 뿔뿔이

24:20 The earth reels like a drunkard, it sways like a hut in the wind; so heavy upon it is the guilt of its rebellion that it falls–never to rise again.
reel 1.Noun 특히 英 (실·전선·필름 등을 감는) 릴, 얼레 2.Verb 비틀[휘청]거리다 (=stagger)

24:23 The moon will be abashed, the sun ashamed; for the LORD Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders, gloriously.
abash T verb [보통 수동형으로] 무안하게 하다, 당황하게 하다 (→abashed)

(Chapter 25)
25:6 On this mountain the LORD Almighty will prepare a feast of rich food for all peoples, a banquet of aged wine–the best of meats and the finest of wines.
feast 1.Noun 연회, 잔치 2.(종교적) 축제일[기간] 3.Verb (아주 즐겁게) 맘껏 먹다[포식하다]
banquet 1.Noun (공식) 연회[만찬] 2.Noun 성찬

25:7 On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations;
shroud 1.Noun 수의(壽衣) 2.문예체 장막 3.Verb 뒤덮다, 가리다
enfold 1.Verb (다정하게) 안다 (=embrace) 2.감싸다

25:10 The hand of the LORD will rest on this mountain; but Moab will be trampled under him as straw is trampled down in the manure.
manure 1.Noun (동물의 배설물로 만든) 거름[천연 비료] (=dung) 2.Verb 거름을 주다[뿌리다]

(Chapter 26)
26:1 In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah: We have a strong city; God makes salvation its walls and ramparts.
rampart Noun 성곽, 성벽

26:8 Yes, LORD, walking in the way of your laws, we wait for you; your name and renown are the desire of our hearts.
renown Noun 격식 명성

26:17 As a woman with child and about to give birth writhes and cries out in her pain, so were we in your presence, O LORD.
writhe Verb (흔히 극심한 고통으로) 온몸을 비틀다

(Chapter 27)
27:8 By warfare and exile you contend with her–with his fierce blast he drives her out, as on a day the east wind blows.
warfare 1.Noun (특히 특정한 무기·방법을 이용한) 전투[-전] (→biological warfare, chemical warfare, germ warfare) 2.(집단·기업들 등이 벌이는) 전쟁[싸움] (→psychological warfare)
contend 1.Verb 격식 (특히 언쟁 중에) 주장하다 (=maintain) 2.(~을 얻으려고) 다투다[겨루다]
blast 1.Noun 폭발 2.(훅 밀려드는 한 줄기의) 강한 바람[공기] 3.Verb 폭발시키다, 폭파[발파]하다

27:9 By this, then, will Jacob’s guilt be atoned for, and this will be the full fruitage of the removal of his sin: When he makes all the altar stones to be like chalk stones crushed to pieces, no Asherah poles or incense altars will be left standing.
fruitage 1.Noun 결실, 열매 맺기 2.[집합적] 과일, 열매(fruits) 3.성과, 소산
chalk stones 종교 횟돌

27:12 In that day the LORD will thresh from the flowing Euphrates to the Wadi of Egypt, and you, O Israelites, will be gathered up one by one.
thresh 1.Verb 타작[탈곡]하다 2.요동치다, 요동치게 하다 (=thrash)

(Chapter 28)
28:1 Woe to that wreath, the pride of Ephraim’s drunkards, to the fading flower, his glorious beauty, set on the head of a fertile valley–to that city, the pride of those laid low by wine!
wreath 1.Noun (애도의 표시로 바치는) 화환 2.(크리스마스 때 문에 장식으로 거는) 화환 3.화관
fertile [ˈfɜːrtl] 1.Adj 비옥한, 기름진 (↔infertile) 2.생식력 있는, 가임의 (↔infertile) 3.결실을 낳는, 활동하기에 좋은

28:7 And these also stagger from wine and reel from beer: Priests and prophets stagger from beer and are befuddled with wine; they reel from beer, they stagger when seeing visions, they stumble when rendering decisions.
stagger 1.Verb 비틀[휘청]거리다, 비틀[휘청]거리며 가다(totter) 2.큰 충격을 주다, 깜짝 놀라게 하다(amaze) 3.(진행되는 일에) 시차를 두다
reel 1.Noun 특히 英 (실·전선·필름 등을 감는) 릴, 얼레 2.Verb 비틀[휘청]거리다 (=stagger)
befuddle T erb 정신을 잃게 하다(with), 어리둥절하게 하다(with)
render 1.Verb 격식 (어떤 상태가 되게) 만들다[하다](make) 2.격식 (특히 어떤 것에 대한 대가로 또는 기대에 따라) 주다[제공하다] 3.격식 (특히 공식적으로) 제시[제출]하다 (=furnish)

28:9 “Who is it he is trying to teach? To whom is he explaining his message? To children weaned from their milk, to those just taken from the breast?
wean Verb (아기의) 젖을 떼다, 이유를 시작하다

28:12 to whom he said, “This is the resting place, let the weary rest”; and, “This is the place of repose”–but they would not listen.
repose 1.Noun 문예체 휴식, 수면 2.(특정한 장소에) 있다[보관되다]

28:15 You boast, “We have entered into a covenant with death, with the grave we have made an agreement. When an overwhelming scourge sweeps by, it cannot touch us, for we have made a lie our refuge and falsehood our hiding place.”
scourge 1.Noun 격식 재앙, 골칫거리 2.(과거, 벌할 때 쓰던) 채찍[매] 3.Verb 문예체 괴롭히다, 고통을 안겨 주다

28:17 I will make justice the measuring line and righteousness the plumb line; hail will sweep away your refuge, the lie, and water will overflow your hiding place.
plumb 1.Verb 문예체 (신비한 것을) 헤아리다[파헤치다] (=fathom) 2.Adv바로, 정확히
plumb line Noun (수직·수평을 헤아릴 때 쓰는) 다림줄

28:18 Your covenant with death will be annulled; your agreement with the grave will not stand. When the overwhelming scourge sweeps by, you will be beaten down by it.
annul Verb (법적으로) 취소하다[무효하게 하다]

28:19 As often as it comes it will carry you away; morning after morning, by day and by night, it will sweep through.” The understanding of this message will bring sheer terror.
sheer 1.Adj (크기정도양을 강조하여) 순전한 2.(다른 것이 섞이지 않은) 순수한[순전한] (=utter) 3.Adv수직으로

28:21 The LORD will rise up as he did at Mount Perazim, he will rouse himself as in the Valley of Gibeon–to do his work, his strange work, and perform his task, his alien task.
alien 1.Adj 생경한(hostile) 2.흔히 못마땅함 외국의, 이국의 3.Noun 법률/전문 용어 외국인 체류자(→resident alien)

28:24 When a farmer plows for planting, does he plow continually? Does he keep on breaking up and harrowing the soil?
harrow Noun 써레(갈아 놓은 땅의 흙을 고르는 데 쓰는 농기구), 써레질 하다. 흙을 고루게 하다

28:25 When he has leveled the surface, does he not sow caraway and scatter cummin? Does he not plant wheat in its place, barley in its plot, and spelt in its field?
caraway Noun 캐러웨이(씨앗을 향신료로 쓰는 회향 식물)
cummin= CUMIN
cumin Noun 쿠민(미나리과의 식물 또는 그 씨앗을 말린 것. 쿠민 씨앗은 양념으로 씀), 회향
plot 1.Noun 작은 구획의 땅, 작은 토지[지구] 2.(대지) 도면, 겨냥도 3.T verb <땅을> 구분하다, 구획하다(out)
spelt Noun 식물 스펠트밀(가축 사료)

28:27 Caraway is not threshed with a sledge, nor is a cartwheel rolled over cummin; caraway is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a stick.
cartwheel 1.Noun 옆으로 재주넘기 2.수레바퀴

(Chapter 29)
29:2 Yet I will besiege Ariel; she will mourn and lament, she will be to me like an altar hearth.
hearth 1.Noun 난로 (바닥), 난로 부근[근처] 2.문예체 가정 (생활)

29:4 Brought low, you will speak from the ground; your speech will mumble out of the dust. Your voice will come ghostlike from the earth; out of the dust your speech will whisper.
mumble 1.Verb 중얼[웅얼]거리(듯 말하)다 (=mutter) 2.중얼[웅얼]거림

29:5 But your many enemies will become like fine dust, the ruthless hordes like blown chaff. Suddenly, in an instant,
horde Noun 때로 못마땅함 (사람들의 큰) 무리

29:20 The ruthless will vanish, the mockers will disappear, and all who have an eye for evil will be cut down–
vanish 1.Verb (갑자기·불가사의하게) 사라지다 2.없어지다, 사라지다
disappear 1.Verb (눈앞에서) 사라지다, 보이지 않게 되다(vanish) 2.(존재하던 것이) 사라지다[없어지다](vanish) 3.실종되다, 없어지다(vanish)

29:24 Those who are wayward in spirit will gain understanding; those who complain will accept instruction.”
wayward Adj 격식 다루기[다스리기] 힘든 (=headstrong)

(Chapter 30)

30:1 “Woe to the obstinate children,” declares the LORD, “to those who carry out plans that are not mine, forming an alliance, but not by my Spirit, heaping sin upon sin;
obstinate 1.Adj 흔히 못마땅함 고집 센, 완강한(stubborn) 2.없애기[처리하기] 힘든, 난감한(stubborn)

30:6 An oracle concerning the animals of the Negev: Through a land of hardship and distress, of lions and lionesses, of adders and darting snakes, the envoys carry their riches on donkeys’ backs, their treasures on the humps of camels, to that unprofitable nation,
adder Noun (유럽산) 살무사
hump 1.Noun (특히 지면에) 툭 솟아 오른[튀어 난] 곳[것] 2.(특히 낙타 등의) 혹 3.Verb英(무거운 것을) 나르다

30:13 this sin will become for you like a high wall, cracked and bulging, that collapses suddenly, in an instant.
bulge 1.Verb (~으로) 가득 차다[불룩하다] 2.(동그랗게) 툭 튀어[불거져] 나오다 3.툭 튀어[불거져] 나온 것, 불룩한 것

30:14 It will break in pieces like pottery, shattered so mercilessly that among its pieces not a fragment will be found for taking coals from a hearth or scooping water out of a cistern.”
hearth 1.Noun 난로 (바닥), 난로 부근[근처] 2.문예체 가정 (생활)

30:20 Although the Lord gives you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, your teachers will be hidden no more; with your own eyes you will see them.
adversity Noun 격식 역경
affliction Noun 격식 고통, 고통의 원인

30:22 Then you will defile your idols overlaid with silver and your images covered with gold; you will throw them away like a menstrual cloth and say to them, “Away with you!”
menstrual Adj 월경[생리]의 (→premenstrual)

30:24 The oxen and donkeys that work the soil will eat fodder and mash, spread out with fork and shovel.
fodder 1.Noun (가축의) 사료[꼴] 2.못마땅함 …에만 쓸모가 있는 사람[것] (→cannon fodder)
mash 1.Noun 특히 英(mashed potato) 2.(가축용의) 삶은 곡물 사료 3.Verb (음식을 부드럽게) 으깨다

30:28 His breath is like a rushing torrent, rising up to the neck. He shakes the nations in the sieve of destruction; he places in the jaws of the peoples a bit that leads them astray.
torrent 1.Noun 급류 2.마구 쏟아짐[퍼부음], 빗발침 (=deluge)
sieve 1.Noun 체(가루물 등을 거르는 데 쓰는 부엌 도구) 2.Verb 체로 치다[거르다], 체질하다
bit 1.Noun 기계 비트(드릴용의 날) 2.재갈

30:30 The LORD will cause men to hear his majestic voice and will make them see his arm coming down with raging anger and consuming fire, with cloudburst, thunderstorm and hail.
cloudburst Noun (갑작스런) 폭우, 집중 호우

(Chapter 31)
31:4 This is what the LORD says to me: “As a lion growls, a great lion over his prey–and though a whole band of shepherds is called together against him, he is not frightened by their shouts or disturbed by their clamor–so the LORD Almighty will come down to do battle on Mount Zion and on its heights.
growl 1.Verb 으르렁거리다 2.으르렁거리듯 말하다 3.Noun 으르렁거리는 소리
clamor 1.Noun (군중 등의) 시끄러운 외침, 떠들썩함 2.(불평·항의·요구 등의) 부르짖음, 아우성, 소란(uproar)(against,for) 3.I verb 외치다, 떠들어 대다, 시끄럽게 굴다; (…할 것을) 강력히 요구[반대]하다(for, against, to do)

31:6 Return to him you have so greatly revolted against, O Israelites.
revolt 1.Noun 반란, 봉기, 저항(=uprising) 2.반란[봉기]을 일으키다, 들고일어나다(→revolution),(rebel, rise up)

(Chapter 32)
32:4 The mind of the rash will know and understand, and the stammering tongue will be fluent and clear.
rash 1.Adj 무분별한, 무모한, 경솔한, 지각없는 2.성급한, 조급한
stammering Adj 말을 더듬는, 더듬으며 말하는

32:5 No longer will the fool be called noble nor the scoundrel be highly respected.
scoundrel Noun 구식 (비열한) 악당 (=rogue)

32:9 You women who are so complacent, rise up and listen to me; you daughters who feel secure, hear what I have to say!
complacent Adj 보통 못마땅함 현실에 안주하는, 자기만족적인

32:11 Tremble, you complacent women; shudder, you daughters who feel secure! Strip off your clothes, put sackcloth around your waists.
shudder 1.Verb (공포추위 등으로) 몸을 떨다, 몸서리치다, 전율하다 2.마구 흔들리다 3.Noun (공포추위 등으로) 몸이 떨림, 전율, 몸서리

32:13 and for the land of my people, a land overgrown with thorns and briers–yes, mourn for all houses of merriment and for this city of revelry.
merriment Noun 격식 유쾌하게 떠들썩함 (=jollity, mirth)

32:19 Though hail flattens the forest and the city is leveled completely,
flatten 1.Verb 납작[반반]해지다, 납작하게[반반하게] 만들다 2.(건물·나무 등을) 깨부수다[넘어뜨리다] 3.비격식 (시합 등에서 상대방의) 코를 납작하게 만들다 (=smash, thrash)

(Chapter 33)
33:4 Your plunder, O nations, is harvested as by young locusts; like a swarm of locusts men pounce on it.
pounce Verb (공격하거나 잡으려고 확) 덮치다[덤비다]

33:12 The peoples will be burned as if to lime; like cut thornbushes they will be set ablaze.”
lime 1.Noun 석회 2.라임(레몬 비슷하게 생긴 작은 녹색 과일) 3.Verb (땅의 산성화를 막기 위해) 석회를 뿌리다

33:15 He who walks righteously and speaks what is right, who rejects gain from extortion and keeps his hand from accepting bribes, who stops his ears against plots of murder and shuts his eyes against contemplating evil–
extortion 1.Noun 강요, 강탈, 강청; [법] (관리의) 직무상의 부당 취득, 재물 강요(죄)(금전·유가물의) 2.터무니없는 에누리, <부당한 가격·이자 등의> 착취 3.강탈한[당한] 금품
contemplate 1.Verb (어떤 일의 가부나 방법에 대해) 고려하다[생각하다](consider, think about/of) 2.(어떤 일의 발생 가능성을) 생각하다[예상하다] 3.격식 심사숙고하다

33:21 There the LORD will be our Mighty One. It will be like a place of broad rivers and streams. No galley with oars will ride them, no mighty ship will sail them.
galley with oars 종교 노질하는 배

33:23 Your rigging hangs loose: The mast is not held secure, the sail is not spread. Then an abundance of spoils will be divided and even the lame will carry off plunder.
rigging 1.(배의) 삭구(索具) 2.(부정한 방법으로 하는) 조작

 

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