Isaiah2 (NIV)


Isaiah (NIV)
Chapter 34-66

(Chapter 34)
34:4 All the stars of the heavens will be dissolved and the sky rolled up like a scroll; all the starry host will fall like withered leaves from the vine, like shriveled figs from the fig tree.
shrivel Verb 쪼글쪼글해지다, 쪼글쪼글하게 만들다

34:8 For the LORD has a day of vengeance, a year of retribution, to uphold Zion’s cause.
retribution Noun 격식 (강력한) 응징[징벌]

34:11 The desert owl and screech owl will possess it; the great owl and the raven will nest there. God will stretch out over Edom the measuring line of chaos and the plumb line of desolation.
screech owl 1.미 부엉이의 일종 2.영 가면올빼미(barn owl)

34:13 Thorns will overrun her citadels, nettles and brambles her strongholds. She will become a haunt for jackals, a home for owls.
overrun 1.Verb 급속히 퍼지다[가득 차다], 들끓다 2.(예정된 시간·금액을) 초과하다
nettle 1.Noun 쐐기풀 2.Verb 비격식, 특히 英 …을 짜증나게[(약간) 화나게] 하다 (=annoy)
bramble 1.Noun 특히 英 검은딸기나무 2.英 (=blackberry)

34:14 Desert creatures will meet with hyenas, and wild goats will bleat to each other; there the night creatures will also repose and find for themselves places of rest.
bleat 1.Verb (양·염소가) 매애 하고 울다 2.(약하게) 푸념하다
repose 1.Noun 문예체 휴식, 수면 2.Verb (특정한 장소에) 있다[보관되다]

(Chapter 35)
35:3 Strengthen the feeble hands, steady the knees that give way;
give way 부러지다[무너지다]

35:4 say to those with fearful hearts, “Be strong, do not fear; your God will come, he will come with vengeance; with divine retribution he will come to save you.”
retribution Noun 격식 (강력한) 응징[징벌]

35:9 No lion will be there, nor will any ferocious beast get up on it; they will not be found there. But only the redeemed will walk there,
ferocious Adj 흉포한; 맹렬한, 격렬한 (=savage)

(Chapter 36)
36:2 Then the king of Assyria sent his field commander with a large army from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem. When the commander stopped at the aqueduct of the Upper Pool, on the road to the Washerman’s Field,
aqueduct [ˈækwɪdʌkt] Noun 송수로[교]

36:6 Look now, you are depending on Egypt, that splintered reed of a staff, which pierces a man’s hand and wounds him if he leans on it! Such is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who depend on him.
splinter 1.Noun (나무금속유리 등의) 조각[가시], 지저깨비(=shard) 2.Verb 쪼개지다, 깨지다; 쪼개다, 깨다 (=shatter)

36:12 But the commander replied, “Was it only to your master and you that my master sent me to say these things, and not to the men sitting on the wall–who, like you, will have to eat their own filth and drink their own urine?”
filth 1.Noun 오물, (아주 더러운) 쓰레기 2.(섹스와 관련된) 쓰레기 같은[아주 추잡한] 것(말·잡지 등) 3.英속어 <‘경찰’을 가리키는 비어>

36:16 “Do not listen to Hezekiah. This is what the king of Assyria says: Make peace with me and come out to me. Then every one of you will eat from his own vine and fig tree and drink water from his own cistern,
cistern Noun 英 (특히 건물 옥상에 있거나 화장실에 연결된) 물탱크[수조]

(Chapter 37)
37:4 It may be that the LORD your God will hear the words of the field commander, whom his master, the king of Assyria, has sent to ridicule the living God, and that he will rebuke him for the words the LORD your God has heard. Therefore pray for the remnant that still survives.”
ridicule 1.Noun 조롱, 조소 (=mockery) 2.Verb 비웃다, 조롱[조소]하다 (=make fun of)

37:6 Isaiah said to them, “Tell your master, ‘This is what the LORD says: Do not be afraid of what you have heard–those words with which the underlings of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.
underling Noun 못마땅함 아랫사람, 부하 (=minion)

37:18 “It is true, O LORD, that the Assyrian kings have laid waste all these peoples and their lands.
lay waste to something 괴하다, 황폐케 하다, …를 파멸시키다(문자 그대로도 또 비유적으로도 씀)

37:29 Because you rage against me and because your insolence has reached my ears, I will put my hook in your nose and my bit in your mouth, and I will make you return by the way you came.
insolence 1.Noun 건방짐, 거만함, 오만, 무례 2.건방진 태도[말]

(Chapter 38)
38:14 I cried like a swift or thrush, I moaned like a mourning dove. My eyes grew weak as I looked to the heavens. I am troubled; O Lord, come to my aid!”
swift 1.Adj(일진행 등이) 신속한[재빠른] 2.(움직임이) 빠른[날랜] 3.Noun 칼새 / 제비
thrush 1.Noun 개똥지빠귀 2.아구창(鵝口瘡) 3.英 질염(膣炎)

38:21 Isaiah had said, “Prepare a poultice of figs and apply it to the boil, and he will recover.”
poultice Noun 찜질[습포]제
boil Noun 종기(腫氣), 부스럼(furuncle)

(Chapter 39)
39:7 And some of your descendants, your own flesh and blood who will be born to you, will be taken away, and they will become eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.”
eunuch [ˈjuːnək] 1.Noun 환관, 내시 2.격식 거세당한[아무 영향력이 없는] 사람

(Chapter 40)
40:10 See, the Sovereign LORD comes with power, and his arm rules for him. See, his reward is with him, and his recompense accompanies him.
recompense 1.Noun 격식 보상, 배상(보통 돈) 2.Verb 격식 보상[배상]하다 (=compensate)

40:20 A man too poor to present such an offering selects wood that will not rot. He looks for a skilled craftsman to set up an idol that will not topple.
topple 1.Verb 넘어지다, 넘어뜨리다 2.실각시키다 (=overthrow)

40:23 He brings princes to naught and reduces the rulers of this world to nothing.
naught 1.Noun 제로 , 영(nought) 2.무(無), 무가치(nothing) 3.Adj 무가치한, 무익한

40:28 Do you not know? Have you not heard? The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and his understanding no one can fathom.
fathom 1.Verb (의미 등을) 헤아리다[가늠하다]

(Chapter 41)
41:3 He pursues them and moves on unscathed, by a path his feet have not traveled before.
unscathed 상처 없는
scathe [skéið] 1. Noun 고어·방언 위해(危害), 손해, 손상(injury)

41:7 The craftsman encourages the goldsmith, and he who smooths with the hammer spurs on him who strikes the anvil. He says of the welding, “It is good.” He nails down the idol so it will not topple.
spur 1.Noun 박차 2.자극제, 원동력 (=motivation) 3.Verb 원동력[자극제]이 되다, 자극하다

41:16 You will winnow them, the wind will pick them up, and a gale will blow them away. But you will rejoice in the LORD and glory in the Holy One of Israel.
gale 1.Noun 강풍, 돌풍 2.왁자지껄한 웃음[폭소]

41:19 I will put in the desert the cedar and the acacia, the myrtle and the olive. I will set pines in the wasteland, the fir and the cypress together,
myrtle Noun 도금양(관목의 하나. 잎은 반짝거리고 분홍색이나 흰색의 꽃이 피며 암청색의 열매가 달림)
fir (fir tree) Noun 전나무

(Chapter 42)
42:3 A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;
smolder (smoulder) 1.T verb 그을려서 검게 하다 2.I verb 그을다, 연기 피우다, 연기만 피운채 타 버리다 ((out)

42:4 he will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his law the islands will put their hope.”
falter 1.Verb 불안정해지다, 흔들리다 (=waver) 2.(자신이 없어 목소리가) 흔들리다[더듬거리다] 3.(자신감 부족으로 걸음이나 행동이) 흔들리다[머뭇거리다]

42:7 to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.
dungeon Noun (과거 특히 성 안에 있던) 지하 감옥

42:14 “For a long time I have kept silent, I have been quiet and held myself back. But now, like a woman in childbirth, I cry out, I gasp and pant.
gasp 1.Verb 숨이 턱 막히다, 헉 하고 숨을 쉬다 2.숨을 제대로 못 쉬다, 말을 제대로 못 하다 3.Noun (숨이 막히는 듯) 헉[휴] 하는 소리를 냄
pant 1.Verb (숨을) 헐떡이다 2.Noun (→pants)

42:15 I will lay waste the mountains and hills and dry up all their vegetation; I will turn rivers into islands and dry up the pools.
lay waste to …을 파괴하다[황폐케 하다](=destroy)

(Chapter 43)
43:14 This is what the LORD says–your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: “For your sake I will send to Babylon and bring down as fugitives all the Babylonians, in the ships in which they took pride.
bring down Verb 내리다, 떨어뜨리다; 파멸[도산]시키다, 붕괴시키다; 콧대를 꺾다.

43:17 who drew out the chariots and horses, the army and reinforcements together, and they lay there, never to rise again, extinguished, snuffed out like a wick:
reinforcement 1.Noun (군대·경찰 등의) 증강 병력[증원 요원] 2.(특히 감정·생각 등의) 강화

43:22 “Yet you have not called upon me, O Jacob, you have not wearied yourselves for me, O Israel.
weary 1.Adj(몹시) 지친, 피곤한 2.문예체 지치게[피곤하게] 하는 3.Verb 격식 지치게[피곤하게] 하다 (=tire)

43:24 You have not bought any fragrant calamus for me, or lavished on me the fat of your sacrifices. But you have burdened me with your sins and wearied me with your offenses.
calamus Noun [식물] 창포(sweet flag), 창포 뿌리줄기, [식물] (열대 아시아산) 등(籐), (새의) 깃촉(quill)
lavish 1.Adj 풍성한, 호화로운 (=extravagant, luxurious) 2.Adj 아주 후한
lavish (with) 아끼지 않다

43:28 So I will disgrace the dignitaries of your temple, and I will consign Jacob to destruction and Israel to scorn.
dignitary Noun 고위 관리 (=VIP)
consign 1.Verb (무엇을 없애기 위해 어디에) 놓다[두다] 2.(좋지 않은 상황에) 처하게 만들다 3.~에게 ~을 보내다

(Chapter 44)
44:11 He and his kind will be put to shame; craftsmen are nothing but men. Let them all come together and take their stand; they will be brought down to terror and infamy.
infamy 1.Noun 악명, 오명 2.악행

44:18 They know nothing, they understand nothing; their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds closed so they cannot understand.
plaster 1.Noun 회[석고]반죽 2.소석고, 깁스 (붕대) 3.Verb (벽 등에) 회반죽을 바르다]

44:20 He feeds on ashes, a deluded heart misleads him; he cannot save himself, or say, “Is not this thing in my right hand a lie?”
delude Verb 속이다, 착각하게 하다 (=deceive) (→delusion)

44:25 who foils the signs of false prophets and makes fools of diviners, who overthrows the learning of the wise and turns it into nonsense,
foil 1.T verb <상대방·계략 등을> 좌절시키다, 뒤엎다(baffle); [고어] <공격을> 물리치다, 저지하다 2.T verb 수렵 <짐승이> 이리저리 뛰어다니며 <냄새 자취를> 감추다 3.Noun [고어] 패배, 실망, 좌절; 저지, 저해; 격퇴, 거절
diviner 1.Noun 점쟁이, 예언자 2.점 막대기로 (수맥(水脈)·광맥을) 찾아내는 사람

(Chapter 45)
45:9 “Woe to him who quarrels with his Maker, to him who is but a potsherd among the potsherds on the ground. Does tha clay say to the potter, ‘What are you making?’ Does your work say, ‘He has no hands’?
potsherd (potshard) Noun (고고학 발굴물의) 질그릇 조각

45:14 This is what the LORD says: “The products of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush, and those tall Sabeans–they will come over to you and will be yours; they will trudge behind you, coming over to you in chains. They will bow down before you and plead with you, saying, ‘Surely God is with you, and there is no other; there is no other god.'”
trudge 1.Verb (지쳐서) 터덜터덜 걷다, (무거운 것을 들고) 느릿느릿 걷다 2.Noun 오래 힘들게 걷기, 터덜터덜 걷기

45:25 But in the LORD all the descendants of Israel will be found righteous and will exult.
exult Verb 격식 기뻐서 어쩔 줄 모르다, 의기양양하다

(Chapter 46)
46:1 Bel bows down, Nebo stoops low; their idols are borne by beasts of burden. The images that are carried about are burdensome, a burden for the weary.
stoop 1.Verb 몸을 굽히다[구부리다] 2.(자세가) 구부정하다, 구부정하게 서다[걷다] 3.Noun 구부정한 자세
burdensome Adj 격식 부담스러운, 힘든 (=onerous)

46:4 Even to your old age and gray hairs I am he, I am he who will sustain you. I have made you and I will carry you; I will sustain you and I will rescue you.
sustain 1.Verb (필요한 것을 제공하여) 살아가게[존재하게/지탱하게] 하다 2계속[지속]시키다(maintain) 3.격식 (피해 등을) 입다[당하다] (=suffer)

(Chapter 47)
47:6 I was angry with my people and desecrated my inheritance; I gave them into your hand, and you showed them no mercy. Even on the aged you laid a very heavy yoke.
desecrate Verb (신성한 것을) 훼손하다

47:8 “Now then, listen, you wanton creature, lounging in your security and saying to yourself, ‘I am, and there is none besides me. I will never be a widow or suffer the loss of children.’
wanton 1.Adj(파괴·위해 행위가) 타당한 이유 없이 고의적인[악의적인] 2.구식, 못마땅함 (이 남자 저 남자와) 마구 놀아나는, 음탕한
lounge 1.Noun (공항 등의) 라운지[대합실] 2.(호텔·클럽 등의) 휴게실[라운지] 3.Verb 느긋하게 서[앉아/누워] 있다 (=laze around)

47:9 Both of these will overtake you in a moment, on a single day: loss of children and widowhood. They will come upon you in full measure, in spite of your many sorceries and all your potent spells.
sorcery Noun 마법 (=black magic)
potent 1.Adj(사람의 심신에 미치는 영향이) 강한[강력한] 2.(힘이) 센[강한] (→impotent)

47:11 Disaster will come upon you, and you will not know how to conjure it away. A calamity will fall upon you that you cannot ward off with a ransom; a catastrophe you cannot foresee will suddenly come upon you.
conjure Verb 마술을 하다
calamity Noun 재앙, 재난 (=disaster)
catastrophe 1.Noun 참사, 재앙 (=disaster) 2.(한 개인이나 단체의) 재앙[곤란]
ward off Verb 피하다, 물리치다, 가까이 오지 못하게 하다. (=fend off, avert.)
ward 1.Noun (병원에서 특정 상태의 환자들을 위한) -실[병동] 2.(영국에서 지방 의회 구성단위가 되는) 구(區) 3.특히 법률 (법원후견인의 법률적 보호를 받는) 피보호자[피후견인]
ransom 1.Noun (납치유괴된 사람에 대한) 몸값 2.Verb 몸값을 지불하다

47:13 All the counsel you have received has only worn you out! Let your astrologers come forward, those stargazers who make predictions month by month, let them save you from what is coming upon you.
astrologer Noun 점성술사, 점성가
stargazer Noun 비격식 점성가, 천문학자

47:14 Surely they are like stubble; the fire will burn them up. They cannot even save themselves from the power of the flame. Here are no coals to warm anyone; here is no fire to sit by.
stubble 1.Noun 그루터기 2.(최근에 면도를 하지 않아서) 까칠하게 자란 수염

47:15 That is all they can do for you–these you have labored with and trafficked with since childhood. Each of them goes on in his error; there is not one that can save you.
traffick Verb 불법 거래를 하다, 밀거래하다

(Chapter 48)
48:4 For I knew how stubborn you were; the sinews of your neck were iron, your forehead was bronze.
sinew 1.Noun (근육과 뼈를 잇는) 힘줄 2.문예체 정력, 힘

48:8 You have neither heard nor understood; from of old your ear has not been open. Well do I know how treacherous you are; you were called a rebel from birth.
treacherous 1.Adj 기만적인, 신뢰할 수 없는(deceitful) 2.Adj(특히 겉보기와 달리) 위험한

48:10 See, I have refined you, though not as silver; I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
affliction Noun 격식 고통, 고통의 원인

48:11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do this. How can I let myself be defamed? I will not yield my glory to another.
defame Verb 격식 (사람을) 헐뜯다[중상하다]

48:14 “Come together, all of you, and listen: Which of the idols has foretold these things? The LORD’S chosen ally will carry out his purpose against Babylon; his arm will be against the Babylonians.
ally 1.Noun 동맹국 2.(특히 정치적) 협력자 3.Verb (특히 전쟁이나 불화에서 …을) 지지하다[편들다]

(Chapter 49)
49:20 The children born during your bereavement will yet say in your hearing, ‘This place is too small for us; give us more space to live in.’
bereavement 1.Noun 사별 2.가족[친지]의 사망, 상

49:21 Then you will say in your heart, ‘Who bore me these? I was bereaved and barren; I was exiled and rejected. Who brought these up? I was left all alone, but these–where have they come from?'”
bereave Verb (가족·친지와[를]) 사별하다[여의다]

49:22 This is what the Sovereign LORD says: “See, I will beckon to the Gentiles, I will lift up my banner to the peoples; they will bring your sons in their arms and carry your daughters on their shoulders.
beckon 1.Verb (오라고) 손짓하다, (손짓으로) 부르다(=signal) 2.아주 매력적으로 보이다, 유혹의 손짓을 하다 3.(가능성이) 손짓을 하다[조짐을 보이다]

49:23 Kings will be your foster fathers, and their queens your nursing mothers. They will bow down before you with their faces to the ground; they will lick the dust at your feet. Then you will know that I am the LORD; those who hope in me will not be disappointed.”
foster 1.Verb 조성하다, 발전시키다 (=encourage, promote) 2.특히 英 (수양부모로서) 아이를 맡아 기르다[위탁 양육하다] (→adopt) 3.Adj 수양…, 양…, 위탁…

49:25 But this is what the LORD says: “Yes, captives will be taken from warriors, and plunder retrieved from the fierce; I will contend with those who contend with you, and your children I will save.
contend 1.Verb 격식 (특히 언쟁 중에) 주장하다 (=maintain) 2.(~을 얻으려고) 다투다[겨루다]

(Chapter 50)
50:1 This is what the LORD says: “Where is your mother’s certificate of divorce with which I sent her away? Or to which of my creditors did I sell you? Because of your sins you were sold; because of your transgressions your mother was sent away.
transgression 1.Noun 위반, 범죄; (종교·도덕적) 죄 2.지리 해진(海進), 해침(海浸) 3.관습에 대한 도전

50:4 The Sovereign LORD has given me an instructed tongue, to know the word that sustains the weary. He wakens me morning by morning, wakens my ear to listen like one being taught.
sustain 1.Verb (필요한 것을 제공하여) 살아가게[존재하게/지탱하게] 하다 2.계속[지속]시키다 (=maintain) 3.격식 (피해 등을) 입다[당하다] (=suffer)

50:8 He who vindicates me is near. Who then will bring charges against me? Let us face each other! Who is my accuser? Let him confront me!
vindicate 1.Verb (특히 남들은 달리 생각할 때) …의 정당성을 입증하다 (=justify) 2.(혐의를 받고 있는 사람의) 무죄를 입증하다[혐의를 벗기다]
confront 1.Verb 닥치다 2.(문제나 곤란한 상황에) 맞서다 (=face up to) 3.(위험한 상황 등에) 정면으로 부딪치다[마주치다]

(Chapter 51)
51:1 “Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness and who seek the LORD: Look to the rock from which you were cut and to the quarry from which you were hewn;
quarry 1.Noun 채석장 (→mine n. (1)) 2.사냥감(사냥추적의 대상이 되는 동물사람), (=prey) 3.Verb (채석장에서 돌 등을) 캐내다, 채석하다
hew 1.Verb 구식 (도구를 써서 큰 것을) 자르다 2.격식 (큰 것을) 잘라서[깎아서] 만들다

51:7 “Hear me, you who know what is right, you people who have my law in your hearts: Do not fear the reproach of men or be terrified by their insults.
reproach 1.Noun 비난, 책망, 나무람 2.비난의 말, 잔소리 3.Verb (실망하여) 비난[책망]하다

51:14 The cowering prisoners will soon be set free; they will not die in their dungeon, nor will they lack bread.
cower Verb (겁을 먹고) 몸을 숙이다[웅크리다]

51:15 For I am the LORD your God, who churns up the sea so that its waves roar–the LORD Almighty is his name.
churn 1.Verb (물흙탕물 등이[을]) 마구 휘돌다[휘젓다] 2.(걱정역겨움 등으로) (속이[을]) 뒤틀리다[뒤틀리게 하다] 3.Noun (버터를 만드는) 교유기

51:17 Awake, awake! Rise up, O Jerusalem, you who have drunk from the hand of the LORD the cup of his wrath, you who have drained to its dregs the goblet that makes men stagger.
dreg 1.Noun [보통 pl.] 잔재, 찌꺼기, 앙금; 하찮은 것, 쓰레기 2.적은 분량의 나머지

51:18 Of all the sons she bore there was none to guide her; of all the sons she reared there was none to take her by the hand.
rear 1.T verb <아이를> 기르다, 교육하다; <가족을> 부양하다 2.T verb <동물을> 사육하다, 재배하다, 길들이다 3.I verb <말 등이> 뒷다리로 서다 ((up))

51:23 I will put it into the hands of your tormentors, who said to you, ‘Fall prostrate that we may walk over you.’ And you made your back like the ground, like a street to be walked over.”
prostrate 1.Adj(바닥에) 엎드린[엎어져 있는] 2.(충격 등으로) 몸[정신]을 가누지 못하는 3.Verb (특히 예배를 보기 위해) 엎드리다

(Chapter 52)
52:12 But you will not leave in haste or go in flight; for the LORD will go before you, the God of Israel will be your rear guard.
flight Noun [UC/] 도주, 패주; 탈출

52:14 Just as there were many who were appalled at him–his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any man and his form marred beyond human likeness–
appall (appal) Tverb 오싹하게[질겁하게] 하다, 질리게 하다(terrify)
disfigure Verb (외양을) 흉하게 만들다[망가뜨리다]
mar Verb (좋은 것을) 손상시키다[망치다] (=blight, ruin)

52:15 so will he sprinkle many nations, and kings will shut their mouths because of him. For what they were not told, they will see, and what they have not heard, they will understand.
sprinkle 1.Verb 뿌리다 2.간간이 섞다[포함시키다] (=strew) 3.Noun (=sprinkling)

(Chapter 53)
53:4 Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted.
infirmity Noun (장기적인) 병약[질환]
smite 1.Verb 세게 치다[때리다], 공격하다, 벌하다 2.(사람에게) 엄청난 영향[고통]을 주다, 강타하다 (→smitten)
afflict Verb 격식 괴롭히다, 피해를 입히다

53:5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.
iniquity Noun 격식 부당성, 부당한 것

53:7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
oppress 1.Verb 탄압[억압]하다 2.압박감을 주다, 우울하게 만들다 (=weigh down)

(Chapter 54)
54:2 “Enlarge the place of your tent, stretch your tent curtains wide, do not hold back; lengthen your cords, strengthen your stakes.
stake 1.Noun 말뚝 2.화형대 3.Verb (돈 등을) 걸다 (=bet)

54:3 For you will spread out to the right and to the left; your descendants will dispossess nations and settle in their desolate cities.
dispossess Verb 격식 (재산을) 빼앗다[몰수하다]
desolate 1.Adj 황량한, 적막한 2.너무나 외로운, 고적한 (=forlorn) 3.Verb 문예체 고적하게 만들다

54:4 “Do not be afraid; you will not suffer shame. Do not fear disgrace; you will not be humiliated. You will forget the shame of your youth and remember no more the reproach of your widowhood.
reproach 1.Noun 비난, 책망, 나무람 2.비난의 말, 잔소리 3.Verb (실망하여) 비난[책망]하다

54:11 “O afflicted city, lashed by storms and not comforted, I will build you with stones of turquoise, your foundations with sapphires.
turquoise 1.Noun 터키석(石), 터키옥(玉) 2.청록색

54:12 I will make your battlements of rubies, your gates of sparkling jewels, and all your walls of precious stones.
battlement Noun [보통 pl.] 총안(銃眼)이 있는 흉벽(cf. PARAPET)

54:16 “See, it is I who created the blacksmith who fans the coals into flame and forges a weapon fit for its work. And it is I who have created the destroyer to work havoc;
havoc Noun 대파괴, 큰 혼란[피해]

54:17 no weapon forged against you will prevail, and you will refute every tongue that accuses you. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and this is their vindication from me,” declares the LORD.
refute 1.Verb 논박[반박]하다 (=rebut) 2.부인하다 (=deny)
vindication 1.Noun (명예·요구 등의) 옹호, 변호, 지지 2.[UC] 입증; (비난 등에 대한) 변명, 해명; 정당성

(Chapter 55)
55:5 Surely you will summon nations you know not, and nations that do not know you will hasten to you, because of the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, for he has endowed you with splendor.”
endow Verb (학교 등의 기관에 많은 돈을) 기부하다

55:13 Instead of the thornbush will grow the pine tree, and instead of briers the myrtle will grow. This will be for the LORD’S renown, for an everlasting sign, which will not be destroyed.”
renown Noun 격식 명성

(Chapter 56)
56:2 Blessed is the man who does this, the man who holds it fast, who keeps the Sabbath without desecrating it, and keeps his hand from doing any evil.”
desecrate Verb (신성한 것을) 훼손하다

(Chapter 57)
57:1 The righteous perish, and no one ponders it in his heart; devout men are taken away, and no one understands that the righteous are taken away to be spared from evil.
devout Adj 독실한 be spared 해를 입지 않다

57:4 Whom are you mocking? At whom do you sneer and stick out your tongue? Are you not a brood of rebels, the offspring of liars?
sneer 1.Verb 비웃다, 조롱하다 (=mock) 2.Noun 비웃음, 경멸
stick out (of something) (~에서[보다]) (툭) 튀어나오다, ~을 내밀다[튀어나오게 하다]

57:6 The idols among the smooth stones of the ravines are your portion; they, they are your lot. Yes, to them you have poured out drink offerings and offered grain offerings. In the light of these things, should I relent?
relent 1.Verb (거부하다가 마침내) 동의하다 (=give in) 2.(기세·강도 등이) 수그러들다[누그러지다]

57:8 Behind your doors and your doorposts you have put your pagan symbols. Forsaking me, you uncovered your bed, you climbed into it and opened it wide; you made a pact with those whose beds you love, and you looked on their nakedness.
pact Noun (사람·단체·국가 간의, 특히 서로 돕기로 하는) 약속[협정/조약]

57:15 For this is what the high and lofty One says–he who lives forever, whose name is holy: “I live in a high and holy place, but also with him who is contrite and lowly in spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the contrite.
contrite [ˈkɑːntraɪt] Adj 격식 깊이 뉘우치는, 회한에 찬

57:20 But the wicked are like the tossing sea, which cannot rest, whose waves cast up mire and mud.
mire [ˈmaɪə(r)] Noun 진창, 진흙탕, 수렁 (=bog)

(Chapter 58)
58:1 “Shout it aloud, do not hold back. Raise your voice like a trumpet. Declare to my people their rebellion and to the house of Jacob their sins.
hold back Verb 기다리다, 저지[억제]하다, 비밀로 하다.

58:3 ‘Why have we fasted,’ they say, ‘and you have not seen it? Why have we humbled ourselves, and you have not noticed?’ “Yet on the day of your fasting, you do as you please and exploit all your workers.
exploit 1.Verb 못마땅함 (부당하게) 이용하다 2.못마땅함 착취하다 3.위업, 공적

58:4 Your fasting ends in quarreling and strife, and in striking each other with wicked fists. You cannot fast as you do today and expect your voice to be heard on high.
strife 1.Noun 격식 또는 문예체 (개인·집단 간의) 갈등, 불화, 다툼 (=conflict)

(Chapter 59)
59:5 They hatch the eggs of vipers and spin a spider’s web. Whoever eats their eggs will die, and when one is broken, an adder is hatched.
adder Noun (유럽산) 살무사

59:6 Their cobwebs are useless for clothing; they cannot cover themselves with what they make. Their deeds are evil deeds, and acts of violence are in their hands.
cobweb Noun (망처럼 엮어 놓은) 거미줄 (→web, spider’s web)

59:11 We all growl like bears; we moan mournfully like doves. We look for justice, but find none; for deliverance, but it is far away.
moan 1.Verb 신음하다(groan) 2.비격식 투덜[칭얼]거리다, 불평하다(grumble, whine) 3.Noun 신음 (소리),(groan)

59:13 rebellion and treachery against the LORD, turning our backs on our God, fomenting oppression and revolt, uttering lies our hearts have conceived.
rebellion 1.Noun 반란, 모반(uprising) 2.(조직·정당 등의 내부의) 반대[저항] 3.(규칙·일반 통념 등에 대한) 반항
treachery Noun 배반
foment Verb 격식 (문제·폭력을) 조성[조장]하다 (=incite)
revolt 1.Noun 반란, 봉기, 저항 (=uprising) 2.반란[봉기]을 일으키다, 들고일어나다 (→revolution), (=rebel, rise up)

59:15 Truth is nowhere to be found, and whoever shuns evil becomes a prey. The LORD looked and was displeased that there was no justice.
shun Verb 피하다

59:16 He saw that there was no one, he was appalled that there was no one to intervene; so his own arm worked salvation for him, and his own righteousness sustained him.
appall (appal) T verb 오싹하게[질겁하게] 하다, 질리게 하다(terrify)
intervene 1.Verb (상황 개선을 돕기 위해) 개입하다 2.(다른 사람이 말하는 데) 끼어들다[가로막다] 3.(방해가 되는 일이) 생기다[일어나다]
sustain 1.Verb (필요한 것을 제공하여) 살아가게[존재하게/지탱하게] 하다 2.계속[지속]시키다 (=maintain) 3.격식 (피해 등을) 입다[당하다] (=suffer)

59:17 He put on righteousness as his breastplate, and the helmet of salvation on his head; he put on the garments of vengeance and wrapped himself in zeal as in a cloak.
breastplate Noun 흉갑(가슴을 가리는 갑옷)

59:18 According to what they have done, so will he repay wrath to his enemies and retribution to his foes; he will repay the islands their due.
retribution Noun 격식 (강력한) 응징[징벌]
revere Verb 격식 숭배하다 (=idolize)
pent-up 1.Adj 억눌린 2.(마음이) 답답한

(Chapter 60)
60:5 Then you will look and be radiant, your heart will throb and swell with joy; the wealth on the seas will be brought to you, to you the riches of the nations will come.
throb 1.Verb 욱신거리다, 지끈거리다 2.(소리가 규칙적으로 강하게) 고동치다, 울리다 (=pulsate) 3.Noun 진동, 욱신[지끈]거림 (→heart-throb)

60:7 All Kedar’s flocks will be gathered to you, the rams of Nebaioth will serve you; they will be accepted as offerings on my altar, and I will adorn my glorious temple.
adorn Verb 격식 꾸미다, 장식하다

60:13 “The glory of Lebanon will come to you, the pine, the fir and the cypress together, to adorn the place of my sanctuary; and I will glorify the place of my feet.
fir ( fir tree ) Noun 전나무

(Chapter 61)
61:4 They will rebuild the ancient ruins and restore the places long devastated; they will renew the ruined cities that have been devastated for generations.
devastate 1.Verb (한 장소나 지역을) 완전히 파괴하다 2.(사람에게) 엄청난 충격을 주다, 비탄에 빠뜨리다

61:10 I delight greatly in the LORD; my soul rejoices in my God. For he has clothed me with garments of salvation and arrayed me in a robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom adorns his head like a priest, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
arrayed Adjective 문예체 (특히 멋진 옷을) 입은

(Chapter 62)
62:3 You will be a crown of splendor in the LORD’S hand, a royal diadem in the hand of your God.
diadem Noun (특히 왕권의 상징으로 쓰는) 왕관[머리띠]

62:11 The LORD has made proclamation to the ends of the earth: “Say to the Daughter of Zion, ‘See, your Savior comes! See, his reward is with him, and his recompense accompanies him.'”
recompense 1.Noun 격식 보상, 배상(보통 돈) 2.Verb 격식 보상[배상]하다 (=compensate)

(Chapter 63)
63:3 “I have trodden the winepress alone; from the nations no one was with me. I trampled them in my anger and trod them down in my wrath; their blood spattered my garments, and I stained all my clothing.
spatter 1.Verb (액체 방울 등을) 튀기다[튀겨서 뒤덮다] (=splash) 2.후두두 떨어지다 3.Noun (액체 등이) 튀는[떨어지는] 것[방울들], 후두두 떨어지는 소리
stain 1.Verb 얼룩지게 하다, 더럽히다; 얼룩지다, 더러워지다 2.(착색제로) 착색하다 3.Noun (지우기 힘든) 얼룩

63:12 who sent his glorious arm of power to be at Moses’ right hand, who divided the waters before them, to gain for himself everlasting renown,
renown Noun 격식 명성

(Chapter 64)
64:1 Oh, that you would rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains would tremble before you!
rend Verb 옛글투 또는 문예체 (거칠게) 찢다[가르다], 찢어발기다 (→heart-rending)

64:6 All of us have become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous acts are like filthy rags; we all shrivel up like a leaf, and like the wind our sins sweep us away.
shrivel Verb 쪼글쪼글해지다, 쪼글쪼글하게 만들다

(Chapter 65)
65:2 All day long I have held out my hands to an obstinate people, who walk in ways not good, pursuing their own imaginations–
obstinate 1.Adj흔히 못마땅함 고집 센, 완강한 (=stubborn) 2.없애기[처리하기] 힘든, 난감한 (=stubborn)

65:3 a people who continually provoke me to my very face, offering sacrifices in gardens and burning incense on altars of brick;
provoke 1.Verb (특정한 반응을) 유발하다 2.화나게[짜증나게] 하다, 도발하다 (=goad)

65:4 who sit among the graves and spend their nights keeping secret vigil; who eat the flesh of pigs, and whose pots hold broth of unclean meat;
vigil Noun (밤샘) 간호, (철야) 기도[농성 등]

65:7 both your sins and the sins of your fathers,” says the LORD. “Because they burned sacrifices on the mountains and defied me on the hills, I will measure into their laps the full payment for their former deeds.”
defy 1.Verb (권위·법률·규칙 등에) 반항[저항/거역]하다 2.믿기, 설명하기, 묘사하기 등이 (거의) 불가능하다 3.(기이할 정도로 잘) 견뎌 내다

(Chapter 66)
66:2 Has not my hand made all these things, and so they came into being?” declares the LORD. “This is the one I esteem: he who is humble and contrite in spirit, and trembles at my word.
contrite Adj 격식 깊이 뉘우치는, 회한에 찬

66:3 But whoever sacrifices a bull is like one who kills a man, and whoever offers a lamb, like one who breaks a dog’s neck; whoever makes a grain offering is like one who presents pig’s blood, and whoever burns memorial incense, like one who worships an idol. They have chosen their own ways, and their souls delight in their abominations;
abomination Noun 격식 혐오[가증]스러운 것

66:6 Hear that uproar from the city, hear that noise from the temple! It is the sound of the LORD repaying his enemies all they deserve.
uproar 1.Noun 대소동, 소란 2.Noun 엄청난 논란 (=outcry)

66:12 For this is what the LORD says: “I will extend peace to her like a river, and the wealth of nations like a flooding stream; you will nurse and be carried on her arm and dandled on her knees.
dandle Verb 구식 (아이를 무릎 위에 얹고) 까불다[흔들다]

66:24 “And they will go out and look upon the dead bodies of those who rebelled against me; their worm will not die, nor will their fire be quenched, and they will be loathsome to all mankind.”
loathsome Adj 격식 혐오스러운 (=repulsive)


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