Hosea (NIV)

Hosea (NIV)

(Chapter 1)
1:2 When the LORD began to speak through Hosea, the LORD said to him, “Go, take to yourself an adulterous wife and children of unfaithfulness, because the land is guilty of the vilest adultery in departing from the LORD.”
vile 1.Adj 비격식 극도로 불쾌한[나쁜] (=disgusting) 2.격식 비도덕적인, 절대 용납할 수 없는 (=wicked)

1:8 After she had weaned Lo-Ruhamah, Gomer had another son.
wean Verb (아기의) 젖을 떼다, 이유를 시작하다

(Chapter 2)
2:8 She has not acknowledged that I was the one who gave her the grain, the new wine and oil, who lavished on her the silver and gold–which they used for Baal.
lavish 1.Adj 풍성한, 호화로운 (=extravagant, luxurious) 2. 아주 후한

2:10 So now I will expose her lewdness before the eyes of her lovers; no one will take her out of my hands.
lewdness Noun 음탕함, 방탕함

2:12 I will ruin her vines and her fig trees, which she said were her pay from her lovers; I will make them a thicket, and wild animals will devour them.
thicket 1.Noun 덤불, 잡목 숲 2.복잡하게 뒤얽힌 것

2:13 I will punish her for the days she burned incense to the Baals; she decked herself with rings and jewelry, and went after her lovers, but me she forgot,” declares the LORD.
deck 1.Noun (배의) 갑판 2.(여러 층으로 되어 있는 배의) 갑판, (이층 버스의) 층 (→double-decker, flight deck, single-decker) 3.Verb 꾸미다, 장식하다

2:14 “Therefore I am now going to allure her; I will lead her into the desert and speak tenderly to her.
allure Noun 격식 매력 Verb 유혹하다, 마음을 끌다

2:18 In that day I will make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field and the birds of the air and the creatures that move along the ground. Bow and sword and battle I will abolish from the land, so that all may lie down in safety.
abolish Verb (법률·제도·조직을) 폐지하다

2:19 I will betroth you to me forever; I will betroth you in righteousness and justice, in love and compassion.
betroth T verb (문어) 약혼시키다 (to)

(Chapter 3)
3:2 So I bought her for fifteen shekels of silver and about a homer and a lethek of barley.
lethek = 1/2 homer

(Chapter 4)
4:3 Because of this the land mourns, and all who live in it waste away; the beasts of the field and the birds of the air and the fish of the sea are dying.
waste away (특히 아파서) 쇠약해지다 (=become emaciated)

4:4 “But let no man bring a charge, let no man accuse another, for your people are like those who bring charges against a priest.
bring[file, level, make, prefer, press] a charge 고발하다[고소하다].

4:8 They feed on the sins of my people and relish their wickedness.
relish 1.Verb (어떤 것을 대단히) 즐기다[좋아하다] (=enjoy) 2.Noun (큰) 즐거움[기쁨]

4:13 They sacrifice on the mountaintops and burn offerings on the hills, under oak, poplar and terebinth, where the shade is pleasant. Therefore your daughters turn to prostitution and your daughters-in-law to adultery.
terebinth [térəbìnθ] Noun 식물 테레빈 나무

4:14 “I will not punish your daughters when they turn to prostitution, nor your daughters-in-law when they commit adultery, because the men themselves consort with harlots and sacrifice with shrine prostitutes–a people without understanding will come to ruin!
consort 1.Noun (통치자의) 배우자 2.고음악 악기 편성[연주단] 3.Verb 격식 (남들이 좋지 않게 생각하는 사람들과) 어울리다
harlot Noun 옛글투, 못마땅함 매춘부, 매춘부 같은 여자

4:16 The Israelites are stubborn, like a stubborn heifer. How then can the LORD pasture them like lambs in a meadow?
heifer Noun (특히 아직 새끼를 낳은 적이 없는) 어린 암소

(Chapter 5)
5:2 The rebels are deep in slaughter. I will discipline all of them.
rebel 1.Noun 반역자 2.Noun (조직정당 등의 내부의) 반대자[저항 세력] 3.Verb 반란[모반]을 일으키다, 저항[반항]하다

5:7 They are unfaithful to the LORD; they give birth to illegitimate children. Now their New Moon festivals will devour them and their fields.
illegitimate [ˌɪləˈdʒɪtəmət] 1.Adj 사생아로 태어난 2.(규칙·법에 어긋나는) 불법의(↔legitimate), (=unauthorized)

5:9 Ephraim will be laid waste on the day of reckoning. Among the tribes of Israel I proclaim what is certain.
reckoning 1.Noun (특히 정확하지 않은) 계산, 추산, 추정 2.(인간의 행동에 대한) 심판

5:11 Ephraim is oppressed, trampled in judgment, intent on pursuing idols.
intent 1.Adj 강한 관심[흥미]을 보이는, 몰두[열중]하는(intent on) 2.격식 (특히 남에게 해가 될 일을) 꾀하는[작정한] 3.Noun 격식 또는 법률 의도 (=intention)

5:13 “When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his sores, then Ephraim turned to Assyria, and sent to the great king for help. But he is not able to cure you, not able to heal your sores.
sore 1.Adj(보통 빨갛게 염증이 생기거나 근육을 많이 써서) 아픈[따가운/화끈거리는] 2.비격식, 특히 美 (특히 부당한 대우에) 화가 난, 감정이 상한 (=annoyed) 3.Noun(흔히 빨갛게 된) 상처(→bedsore, canker sore, cold sore), (=wound)

(Chapter 6)
6:9 As marauders lie in ambush for a man, so do bands of priests; they murder on the road to Shechem, committing shameful crimes.
marauder Noun 약탈자, 습격자.
ambush 1.Noun 매복 (공격) 2.Verb 매복했다가 습격하다

(Chapter 7)
7:1 “Whenever I would restore the fortunes of my people, whenever I would heal Israel, the sins of Ephraim are exposed and the crimes of Samaria revealed. They practice deceit, thieves break into houses, bandits rob in the streets;
bandit Noun (길에서 여행객을 노리는) 노상강도

7:2 but they do not realize that I remember all their evil deeds. Their sins engulf them; they are always before me.
engulf 1.Verb 완전히 에워싸다, 휩싸다 2.(강한 감정 등이) 사로잡다

7:5 On the day of the festival of our king the princes become inflamed with wine, and he joins hands with the mockers.
scoff 1.Verb 비웃다, 조롱하다 (=mock)
mock 1.Verb (특히 흉내를 내며) 놀리다[조롱하다] (=make fun of) 2.격식 무시[경시]하다 3.Adj 거짓된, 가짜의 (=sham)
scorn 1.Noun 경멸[멸시](감), (=contempt) 2.Verb 경멸[멸시]하다 (=dismiss)

7:6 Their hearts are like an oven; they approach him with intrigue. Their passion smolders all night; in the morning it blazes like a flaming fire.
intrigue 1.Verb 강한 흥미[호기심]를 불러일으키다 2.격식 모의하다, 음모를 꾸미다 3.Noun 모의 (활동)
smolder (smoulder) 1.T verb 그을려서 검게 하다 2.I verb 그을다, 연기 피우다, 연기만 피운채 타 버리다(out)

7:9 Foreigners sap his strength, but he does not realize it. His hair is sprinkled with gray, but he does not notice.
sap 1.Noun 수액(樹液) 2.비격식, 특히 美 얼간이, 멍청이 3.Verb 약화시키다, 차츰 무너뜨리다

7:16 They do not turn to the Most High; they are like a faulty bow. Their leaders will fall by the sword because of their insolent words. For this they will be ridiculed in the land of Egypt.
insolent Adjective 버릇없는, 무례한
ridicule 1.Noun 조롱, 조소 (=mockery) 2.Verb 비웃다, 조롱[조소]하다 (=make fun of)

(Chapter 8)
8:2 Israel cries out to me, ‘O our God, we acknowledge you!’
acknowledge 1.Verb (사실로) 인정하다 2.(권위나 자격을) 인정하다 (=recognize) 3.(편지·소포 등을) 받았음을 알리다

8:12 I wrote for them the many things of my law, but they regarded them as something alien.
alien 1.Adj 생경한 (=hostile), 낯선 2.(흔히 못마땅함) 외국의, 이국의 3.Noun 법률 또는 전문 용어 외국인 체류자 (→resident alien)

(Chapter 9)
9:7 The days of punishment are coming, the days of reckoning are at hand. Let Israel know this. Because your sins are so many and your hostility so great, the prophet is considered a fool, the inspired man a maniac.
maniac 1.Noun 비격식 미치광이(같이 구는 사람)(=madman) 2.–광(…에 광적으로 열중하는 사람),(=fanatic) 3.심리 –광(mania를 앓고 있는 사람)

9:8 The prophet, along with my God, is the watchman over Ephraim, yet snares await him on all his paths, and hostility in the house of his God.
hostility 1.Noun 적의, 적대감, 적개심 2.(생각·계획 등에 대한) 강한 반대[반감]

9:12 Even if they rear children, I will bereave them of every one. Woe to them when I turn away from them!
bereave Verb (가족·친지와[를]) 사별하다[여의다]

9:16 Ephraim is blighted, their root is withered, they yield no fruit. Even if they bear children, I will slay their cherished offspring.”
blight 1.Verb 망치다, 엉망으로 만들다 2.Noun (곡식의) 병충해

(Chapter 10)
10:1 Israel was a spreading vine; he brought forth fruit for himself. As his fruit increased, he built more altars; as his land prospered, he adorned his sacred stones.
adorn Verb 격식 꾸미다, 장식하다

(Chapter 11)
11:12 Ephraim has surrounded me with lies, the house of Israel with deceit. And Judah is unruly against God, even against the faithful Holy One.
unruly Adj 다루기 힘든, 제멋대로 구는 (=disorderly)

(Chapter 12)
12:5 the LORD God Almighty, the LORD is his name of renown!
renown Noun 격식 명성

12:7 The merchant uses dishonest scales; he loves to defraud.
defraud Verb 사취하다

(Chapter 13)
13:3 Therefore they will be like the morning mist, like the early dew that disappears, like chaff swirling from a threshing floor, like smoke escaping through a window.swirl 1.Verb (빠르게) 빙빙 돌다, 소용돌이치다; 빙빙 돌게[소용돌이치게] 하다 2.Noun 소용돌이

13:7 So I will come upon them like a lion, like a leopard I will lurk by the path.
lurk 1.Verb (특히 나쁜 짓을 하려고 기다리며) 숨어 있다[도사리다] (=skulk) 2.(불쾌한 일위험이) 도사리다

(Chapter 14)
14:1 Return, O Israel, to the LORD your God. Your sins have been your downfall!
downfall Noun 몰락, 몰락의 원인

14:4 “I will heal their waywardness and love them freely, for my anger has turned away from them.
waywardness Noun 자의성, 자신의 의지에 따라 함
wayward Adj 격식 다루기[다스리기] 힘든 (=headstrong)


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