Ezra (NIV)

(Chapter 1)

(Chapter 2)

2:1 Now these are the people of the province who came up from the captivity of the exiles, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had taken captive to Babylon (they returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his own town,
captivity Noun 감금, 억류
exile 1.Noun 망명; 추방, 유배 2.망명자, 추방[유배]된 사람 3.Verb 망명을 가게 만들다, 추방[유배]하다

(Chapter 3)

3:10 When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the LORD, the priests in their vestments and with trumpets, and the Levites (the sons of Asaph) with cymbals, took their places to praise the LORD, as prescribed by David king of Israel.
vestment Noun (성직자가 의식 집전 때 입는) 제의(祭衣)

(Chapter 4)

4:6 At the beginning of the reign of Xerxes, they lodged an accusation against the people of Judah and Jerusalem.
lodge 1.Noun 오두막[산장] 2.(공원대저택의 정문 옆에 있는) 관리인 주택[관리 사무소] 3.Verb (공공 기관당국에 이의 등을) 제기[제출]하다 (=register, submit)
accusation Noun 혐의 (제기), 비난; 고발, 기소

4:10 and the other people whom the great and honorable Ashurbanipal deported and settled in the city of Samaria and elsewhere in Trans-Euphrates.
deport Verb (보통 범법자·불법 체류자를 국외로) 강제 추방하다

4:13 Furthermore, the king should know that if this city is built and its walls are restored, no more taxes, tribute or duty will be paid, and the royal revenues will suffer.
tribute 1.Noun 헌사[찬사] 2.…의 효력[영향력]을 입증하는 것 3.공물(속국이 종주국에 바치던 것)
duty 1.Noun (도덕적·법률적) 의무 2.직무, 임무 (→night duty) 3.Noun 업무 (→heavy-duty)

4:15 so that a search may be made in the archives of your predecessors. In these records you will find that this city is a rebellious city, troublesome to kings and provinces, a place of rebellion from ancient times. That is why this city was destroyed.
archive 1.Noun 기록 보관소 2.Verb 기록 보관소에 보관하다

4:19 I issued an order and a search was made, and it was found that this city has a long history of revolt against kings and has been a place of rebellion and sedition.
sedition Noun 격식 폭동 선동, 난동 교사 (=insurrection)

4:22 Be careful not to neglect this matter. Why let this threat grow, to the detriment of the royal interests?
detriment Noun 격식 손상(을 초래하는 것)

4:24 Thus the work on the house of God in Jerusalem came to a standstill until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.
standstill Noun 정지, 멈춤 (=halt)

(Chapter 5)

5:7 The report they sent him read as follows: To King Darius: Cordial greetings.
cordial greetings 종교 만안
cordial Adj 화기애애한, 다정한

(Chapter 6)

6:2 A scroll was found in the citadel of Ecbatana in the province of Media, and this was written on it: Memorandum:
citadel Noun (과거 도시의 주민 피신용) 성채[요새]
memorandum 1.Noun 격식(=memo) 2.법률(아직 정식으로 서명되지 않은)각서 3.(특정 주제에 대한) 제안서[보고서]

6:11 Furthermore, I decree that if anyone changes this edict, a beam is to be pulled from his house and he is to be lifted up and impaled on it. And for this crime his house is to be made a pile of rubble.
decree 1.Noun 법령, 칙령 2.(법원의) 결정[판결] 3.Verb (법령판결 등에 따라) 명하다[결정하다]
edict Noun 격식 포고령, 칙령 (=decree)
impale 1.Verb (뾰족한 것으로) 찌르다[꽂다] (=spear) 2.(사람의 몸을) 찌르다
rubble Noun (허물어진 건물의) 돌무더기[잔해]

6:19 On the fourteenth day of the first month, the exiles celebrated the Passover.
exile 1.Noun 망명; 추방, 유배 2.망명자, 추방[유배]된 사람 3.Verb 망명을 가게 만들다, 추방[유배]하다

(Chapter 7)

7:6 this Ezra came up from Babylon. He was a teacher well versed in the Law of Moses, which the LORD, the God of Israel, had given. The king had granted him everything he asked, for the hand of the LORD his God was on him.
versed Adj (~에) 정통한[조예가 깊은] (=expert in, practised in)

7:14 You are sent by the king and his seven advisers to inquire about Judah and Jerusalem with regard to the Law of your God, which is in your hand.
inquire 1.T verb (…에게) 묻다, 알아보다 (of, from) 2.I verb (…을 …에게) 질문을 하다, 묻다 ((about, of))

7:25 And you, Ezra, in accordance with the wisdom of your God, which you possess, appoint magistrates and judges to administer justice to all the people of Trans-Euphrates–all who know the laws of your God. And you are to teach any who do not know them.
magistrate Noun 치안 판사 (=Justice of the Peace)
administer 1.Verb (회사·조직·국가 등을) 관리하다[운영하다] (=manage) 2.(공정하게) 집행하다 3.(정식으로) 주다, 부여하다

7:26 Whoever does not obey the law of your God and the law of the king must surely be punished by death, banishment, confiscation of property, or imprisonment.
banishment Noun (특히 국외) 추방, 유형, 유배
confiscation Noun [UC] 몰수, 압수; [법] 사유 재산 몰수

(Chapter 8)

8:29 Guard them carefully until you weigh them out in the chambers of the house of the LORD in Jerusalem before the leading priests and the Levites and the family heads of Israel.”
chamber 1.Noun (공공건물의) 회의실 (→Chamber of Commerce) 2.(단원제가 아닌 의회의) -원(院) 3.(특정 목적용) -실(室) (→gas chamber)

8:36 They also delivered the king’s orders to the royal satraps and to the governors of Trans-Euphrates, who then gave assistance to the people and to the house of God.
satrap Noun 태수(太守) ((고대 페르시아 지방 장관)); (전제적) 총독, 지사

(Chapter 9)

9:2 They have taken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and their sons, and have mingled the holy race with the peoples around them. And the leaders and officials have led the way in this unfaithfulness.”
mingle 1.Verb 섞이다, 어우러지다; 섞다, 어우르다 2.(특히 사교 행사에서 사람들 사이를) 돌아다니다, (사람들과) 어울리다 (=circulate)

9:3 When I heard this, I tore my tunic and cloak, pulled hair from my head and beard and sat down appalled.
tunic 1.Noun 튜닉(고대 그리스나 로마인들이 입던, 소매가 없고 무릎까지 내려오는 헐렁한 웃옷)
cloak 1.Noun 망토
appall ( appal ) T verb 오싹하게[질겁하게] 하다, 질리게 하다(terrify), 간담을 서늘케 하다, 끔찍한 충격을 주다 (=horrify)

9:5 Then, at the evening sacrifice, I rose from my self-abasement, with my tunic and cloak torn, and fell on my knees with my hands spread out to the LORD my God
self-abasement Noun [U] 자기 비하(卑下), 겸손
abasement Noun 실추, 굴욕

9:6 and prayed: “O my God, I am too ashamed and disgraced to lift up my face to you, my God, because our sins are higher than our heads and our guilt has reached to the heavens.
ashamed 1.Adj(~여서[해서]) 부끄러운[창피한, 수치스러운] 2.(~ 하기가) 부끄러운[꺼려지는]
disgraced Adj 망신을 당한, 실각한
sin 1.Noun (종교상·도덕상의) 죄, 죄악 (=crime) 2.잘못; 과실, 위반(offense) 3.I verb (주로 의식적으로 종교상·도덕상의) 죄를 짓다, 죄악을 거듭하다; 무엄한 짓을 하다 ((against))
guilt 1.Noun 죄책감 2.유죄(임), (↔innocence) 3.(잘못된 일에 대한) 책임

9:7 From the days of our forefathers until now, our guilt has been great. Because of our sins, we and our kings and our priests have been subjected to the sword and captivity, to pillage and humiliation at the hand of foreign kings, as it is today.
pillage Verb (특히 전시에) 약탈[강탈]하다 (→loot, plunder)

9:8 “But now, for a brief moment, the LORD our God has been gracious in leaving us a remnant and giving us a firm place in his sanctuary, and so our God gives light to our eyes and a little relief in our bondage.
sanctuary 성역, 거룩한 처소, 1Noun (조수(鳥獸)) 보호구역 (=reserve) 2.안식, 보호 3.피난처, 안식처
bondage 1.Noun 구속[속박](된 상태), (=slavery) 2.신체 결박(성적 쾌감을 얻기 위해 밧줄·쇠사슬 등으로 몸을 묶는 것)

(Chapter 10)

10:8 Anyone who failed to appear within three days would forfeit all his property, in accordance with the decision of the officials and elders, and would himself be expelled from the assembly of the exiles.
forfeit 1.Verb 몰수[박탈]당하다 2.Noun 벌금, 몰수품

10:9 Within the three days, all the men of Judah and Benjamin had gathered in Jerusalem. And on the twentieth day of the ninth month, all the people were sitting in the square before the house of God, greatly distressed by the occasion and because of the rain.
distress 1.Noun (정신적) 고통, 괴로움 2.고충, 곤경 (=hardship) 3.Verb 괴롭히다, 고통스럽게 하다
occasion 1.Noun (어떤 일이 일어나는 특정한) 때[기회/경우] 2.(특별한) 행사[의식/축하] 3.Verb 격식 …의 원인이 되다, …을 야기하다


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